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1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Welcome to the st 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Welcome to the st GLOWA-Volta 1 Database Workshop Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 1

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Agenda • Aims of 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Agenda • Aims of the workshop • Deficits relating the datastocks and data management of the GVP • Datamanagement • Livecycle of data • Conclusions for the GVP • Need for integration of the data users to database developement • Role of disciplines to data management • Steps forward to an optimized data management Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 2

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Aims of the workshop 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Aims of the workshop • Initiation of a dialogue with the GVP-members about their requirements to an efficient data management this dialogue is a process in which the following items should be discussed • data • use and access • database structure • metadatabase • webpresence • database team and division of work Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 3

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Aims of the workshop 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Aims of the workshop These points should be discussed within the working groups as far as possible. In this workshop we are focussing the items - data (data flow) - data use and access - set up of a „database team“ and division of work Technical implementation, structure and type of the databases, including ways of access should be developed in a team by members of the departments as well as computer scientists and project leaders! Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 4

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Deficits relating the datastocks 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Deficits relating the datastocks and data management of the GVP currently Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 5

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn The current situation Data 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn The current situation Data server • data stock is not completed • data searching by criterias is not possible • arrangement of data is unclear • relation to the project is unclear • there are no rules for data uploading (location, topic etc. ) Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 6

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn The current situation Data 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn The current situation Data mediums • what is it‘s content? • to which project/thesis does it belong to? ? Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 7

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn The current situation Metadatabase 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn The current situation Metadatabase • data stock representation is not completed Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 8

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn The current situation Metadatabase 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn The current situation Metadatabase • if you are looking for data, you have to ask your colleague in and outside of ZEF! • maybe the contact person is not available Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 9

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn The current situation Metadatabase 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn The current situation Metadatabase • blind links Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 10

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn The current situation Datasets 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn The current situation Datasets • inconsistency Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 11

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn The current situation Datasets 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn The current situation Datasets • lack of data description • which method background? ? • are the values correct? Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 12

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Data management • For 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Data management • For the avoidance of such problems there is the necessity of datamanagement • Definition (by the „Data Management Association“): „Data Resource Management is the development and execution of architectures, policies, practices and procedures that properly manage the full data lifecycle needs of an enterprise“ • Normally the processes of data management should be implemented within a project, when it starts! Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 13

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Structuring (Data modeling) - 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Structuring (Data modeling) - Categorisation - Sortation - Description Procurement and Storing Administration - User Access Rights - Security - Own investigation - Own processing - Supply from other institution/Project Lifecycle of Data and Aspects of his Management Disposal Use and Processing - Data processing - Content Management - Quality Assurance - Data preparation (for others) - Update or - Erasure Distribution - Access - Deliver Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 14

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Lifecycle of Data: Procurement 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Lifecycle of Data: Procurement of Data can happen from • own investigations • other institutions • other (sub-)projects within the main project serves • for providing the operating processes with input data needs • certain data sources and formats • quality • application interfaces (import) Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 15

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Lifecycle of Data: Structuring 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Lifecycle of Data: Structuring and Storing means • sorting of data related to a classification schema • by themes • by projects/subprojects • by formats • by applications • by spatial research area • . . . Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 16

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Lifecycle of Data: Structuring 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Lifecycle of Data: Structuring and Storing or/ and • by a conceptual data model • it obtains the data entities and their relationships within a scope of a system • the entities have properties (attributes) • it is independend of the storing in a database and other technical requierements • it can be designed in different forms (relational, network, hierarchical) • the target system for data storing can be a relational database as well as a file system Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 17

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Lifecycle of Data: Structuring 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Lifecycle of Data: Structuring and Storing serves for • easy search, find and use of data needs • consensus among data producers and users within an organization about • conceptual data model • data needed and not needed • rules about data updating and archival storage • standards for metadata-content • control of compliance to structure criterias Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 18

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Lifecycle of Data: Structuring 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Lifecycle of Data: Structuring and Storing means • the physical storing of data needs • storage places for the databases (central/distributed) • physical data model • derived from the conceptual/logical data model • takes into account the facilities and constraints of a given database management system • database management system with • interfaces for applications • query and search services • backup and security functions Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 19

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Lifecycle of data: Administration 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Lifecycle of data: Administration means • on technical base • install and maintenance of database system (database + database management system) • user access constraints (rights) • back up and archiving tasks • security • performance • on content base • Integrity - verifying or helping to verify • control of data deliver • control of data input • metadata Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 20

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Lifecycle of data: Administration 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Lifecycle of data: Administration needs • cooperation between data producers/users and administrators for • maintenance and upgrading the database(-schema) • definition of the authorization concept for database access (read only, read/write only, database schema modification etc. ) Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 21

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Lifecycle of data: Use 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Lifecycle of data: Use and Processing means • use of data for analysis • processing of data inside and outside of models • production of new or modified (output-)data • control of data accuracy • preparation of data for other processes/projects Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 22

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Lifecycle of data: Distribution 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Lifecycle of data: Distribution means • delivery of data • inside an organization/project • by storing in a database (access by transfer counterpart) • transfer by a portable media • by publishing the metadata • outside an institution/project • by direct access to a database • Web-Services • publishing the metadata • data extract service from a database • data downloads • Map Services (geodata) Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 23

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Lifecycle of data: Distribution 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Lifecycle of data: Distribution serves • inside an organization/project • for providing work processes with adjusted data • outside an organisation/project • for providing work processes with adjusted data • for providing data for public information about the projects needs • knowledge about the requierements of demand concerning • further use of data • formats • clients • . . . Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 24

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Lifecycle of data: Disposal 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Lifecycle of data: Disposal means • updating the data • selection and deleting or archiving of data • being out of date • being in disuse serves • against data overflow into the databases • for maintenance the quality of data needs • cooperation between the data producers/users and the database administrator Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 25

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Conclusions for the GVP 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Conclusions for the GVP • Conditions • GVP is divided in a range of projects and subprojects • e. g. in Phase II „Land Use“ with subprojects L 1, L 2 etc. • e. g. in Phase III „Analysis of Long-Term Environemental Change“ with the subprojects E 1, E 2 etc. • with their own processings, models, input and output data (- formats) data flows and -storages • with specific integrations and dependencies among each other and within „use case“ frameworks • Projects and their models are provided also with data from different scientific disciplines like Hydrology, Pedology, Social Economy, Ecology etc. Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 26

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Conclusions for the GVP 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Conclusions for the GVP • Conditions • in Phase III main objective ist the „Integration of Phase I and II research results, knowledge, data and tools“* • in Phase III the DSS will be realized as the GVP‘s primary output The several subprojects are connected by data flow (transfer) The data flow should be adjusted to the GVP and DSS requierements. This means there must be a transparent management, which is centralized and standardized Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 27 * GVP Phase III Proposal, S. 8

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Need for integration of 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Need for integration of the data users during development and setup of a GVP-data management • Each researcher (or on a higher level: project) is a kind of data manager in his own work space. He has • is own (local) database • his own input and output data and data procurement requierements • his own usage and processings • his own distributing of data (to other users/projects) • and therefore his own (short) lifecycle of data • and is integrated in the data flow between the projects and also their life cycle of data Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 28

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Data flow Project 2 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Data flow Project 2 Project 3 Project 4 Project 1 Central Database Project 3 Data flow Project 4 Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 29

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Role of disciplines in 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Role of disciplines in developing concepts of a data management project members. . • have to decide, together with other project members and the database developers, which data should be stored centrally to share them, and which can be stored locally or at other places • have to decide which structure of data storing is most convenient for an optimized using • have to give information about their data (create metadata) and • they are responsible for the data management in their own work area before they will be interdisciplinary coordinated by the database administrator Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 30

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Role of disciplines in 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Role of disciplines in developing concepts of a data management developers of a database. . • have the responsibility to consult the project members about the requirements of data management • have to organize the data flow concerning the (technical) way of data storing and access. The activities must be adjusted to the operating processes/projects and their interfaces • have to develop the data management standards together with the projectmembers Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 31

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Steps forward to an 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Steps forward to an optimized data management (within this workshop) My request to you Step 1: analyze the data stock (data dictionary) Step 2: analyze the data flows Step 3: develope the logical data model for data storing Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 32

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Basic for working groups 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Basic for working groups Data flow modell combined with data dictionary Notation : = = A a a Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) Terminator: data producers (data source) or users (data hollow) outside the system (external Partners, public) Process: transfer of input data into output data e. g. by algorithms = = = Data storage unit as data pool (not local). Building time differs from using time. „A“ dictionary Data flow: direction for dataset „a“ dictionary Data flow: relay in two directions (processes) 33

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Basic for working groups 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Basic for working groups Context-Diagram External Partner Decision Makers GLOWA-Volta External Partner Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) Public 34

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Basic for working groups 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Basic for working groups Diagram 1: GLOWA-Volta Water Demand Management External Partner Water Supply and Distribution DSS External Partner Analysis of Long -Term Env. Change Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 35

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Basic for working groups 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Basic for working groups Diagram 2: Analysis of Long-Term Environmental Change Vendor of remote sensing data Automated Classification of Remotely Sensed Imagery (E 1) Cellular automata (E 2) GVP LUDAS (E 3) Land-use Change Predictions and LU Policy Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) S 1 36

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Basic for working groups 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Basic for working groups Diagram 3: GVP-LUDAS working group: natural scientists E 1 a, b, c GVP-LUDAS d E 4 Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) working group: social economists g Elicitation Ghana A e f Evaluation of Elicitation Results (Household Survey) 37

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn To Do • Please 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn To Do • Please try to draw a general overview about data flows and stocks • And relate data management options to the certain data flows or storages In the afternoon I would like to discuss the requirements of a data management system from your point of view. Take it all as a form of brainstorming!! Thank you!! Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 38

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 39 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 39

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn How to organize (sort) 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn How to organize (sort) the data into the database ? ? ? Central Database Project 1: - theme 1 - format 2 - theme 2. . Formats - SPSS - project 1 - project 2 - remote sensing. . Region 1 - Project - subproject - theme - format Project 1: - theme 1 - format 2 - theme 2. . Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) 40

1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Basic for working groups 1. GLOWA-Volta Database Workshop September 5, 2006, ZEF Uni Bonn Basic for working groups Data flow modell combined with data dictionary Notation II: a b a c a Antonio Rogmann (ZEFc) = = Dataflow: relay in two directions (processes) Dataflow: division from dataset „a“ into datasets „b“ and „c“ = Dataflow: „a“ is originated from „b“ and „c“ = Dataflow: updating of data to a storage 41