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1. 德國及歐盟專利與商標 制度簡介 新竹 July 22, 2010 Patentanwalt john H. C. Liu john@liu. de 1. 德國及歐盟專利與商標 制度簡介 新竹 July 22, 2010 Patentanwalt john H. C. Liu [email protected] de 1

IP Offices in Europe and Germany 德國, 慕尼黑 歐盟專利 西班牙, Alicante 歐盟設計專利 德國, 慕尼黑 IP Offices in Europe and Germany 德國, 慕尼黑 歐盟專利 西班牙, Alicante 歐盟設計專利 德國, 慕尼黑 新竹 July 22, 2010 歐盟商標 德國專利 德國商標 2

保護期限 發明專利 20 年 --- 20 20 新型專利 --- 10 10 新式樣專利 --- 25 保護期限 發明專利 20 年 --- 20 20 新型專利 --- 10 10 新式樣專利 --- 25 25 12 商標 --- 5+… 10+… 新竹 July 22, 2010 3

EPC 2000 新欧盟專利法 新竹 July 22, 2010 4 EPC 2000 新欧盟專利法 新竹 July 22, 2010 4

Contents 內容 I. Introduction 歷史背景简介 II. Changes in procedural law 程序法部分 Changes in substantive Contents 內容 I. Introduction 歷史背景简介 II. Changes in procedural law 程序法部分 Changes in substantive patent law 实质法部分 III. IV. London Agreement 倫敦協议 新竹 July 22, 2010 5

Introduction Historical Background 歷史背景 EPC 1973 缺陷 不便 會員国要求 Revision Conference Nov. 2000 新竹 Introduction Historical Background 歷史背景 EPC 1973 缺陷 不便 會員国要求 Revision Conference Nov. 2000 新竹 July 22, 2010 6

Introduction Entry into Force 生效日期 Dec. 13, 2007 新竹 July 22, 2010 7 Introduction Entry into Force 生效日期 Dec. 13, 2007 新竹 July 22, 2010 7

filing Filing Procedure How to file & get confirmation not allowed OJ 2000, 458 filing Filing Procedure How to file & get confirmation not allowed OJ 2000, 458 post personally fax OJ 1992, 299/OJ 2005, 42, OJ 1992, 306 online E-mail Telegram Telex Teletext OJ 2002, 543 No Paper Confirmation/ If CD-R by Post – OJ 2002, 544, 548 PCT 世界專利 新竹 July 22, 2010 8

專利申請程序 送件 形式審查 實質審查 頒發 新竹 July 22, 2010 9 專利申請程序 送件 形式審查 實質審查 頒發 新竹 July 22, 2010 9

专利申请 程序 2004. 08. 11 送件 Einreichung 2004. 08. 25 专利申請通知书 (国家申请号通知书) Empfangsbestätigung 2004. 专利申请 程序 2004. 08. 11 送件 Einreichung 2004. 08. 25 专利申請通知书 (国家申请号通知书) Empfangsbestätigung 2004. 10. 01 初步审查合格通知书 (国际审请進入国家階段初审合格通知书) 2005. 03. 18 進入实质审查程序通知书 Prüfungsverfahren 2006. 03. 31 第一审查意见通知书 1. Prüfungsbescheid 2006. 08. 15 意见陈述书 Bescheidserwiderung 2006. 09. 08 第二审查意见通知书 2. Prüfungsbescheid 2007. 01. 26 駁回決定 Zurückweisung 2007. 04. 26 提复审 (Beschwerde 訴願) 2007. 02 复审決定书 (Beschluss) 2007. 16 授予犮明专利权通知书 Erteilungsbeschluss 2007. 09. 07 办理登记手續通知书 (DE - nein, EP- ja) 授证书並公告 Urkunde, Veröffentlichung 2007. 11. 27付款 2008. 01. 23 新竹 July 22, 2010 (-) 10

Changes in procedural law first to file system 新竹 July 22, 2010 11 Changes in procedural law first to file system 新竹 July 22, 2010 11

Changes in procedural law date of filing 取得登记日之条件 New Requirements: R 40(1) - Indication Changes in procedural law date of filing 取得登记日之条件 New Requirements: R 40(1) - Indication that patent is sought 专利请求韦 - Information of identifying applicant 申请人 A description or reference to a previously filled application 说明书或指示先前文件 新竹 July 22, 2010 12

Changes in procedural law date of filing – A. 80, R 40, R 56 Changes in procedural law date of filing – A. 80, R 40, R 56 登记日 1. No documents while filing 申请时, 可不必附任何文件 Concerning reference to a previously filled application a. Finling date b. Flie no. c. Patent office - R 40(2) 新竹 July 22, 2010 13

Changes in procedural law date of filing – A. 80, R 40, R 56 Changes in procedural law date of filing – A. 80, R 40, R 56 登记日 1. No documents while filing 申请时, 可不必附任何文件 Concerning reference to a previously filled application a. Finling date b. Flie no. c. Patent office - R 40(2) 2. Earlier filing date 用中文送件, 早日取得登记日 filing in every language (A. 14(2)) Chinese Translation may be filed any time throughout the proceeding or till it is required 新竹 July 22, 2010 14

Changes in procedural law date of filing – A. 80, R 40, R 56 Changes in procedural law date of filing – A. 80, R 40, R 56 登记日 3. Three possibilities for submitting claims 三種可能 送权利要求 1. 送件时 2. 以前案之內容替換 Claims filed can be replaced by reference - R 57 c 3. 先登记, 日后补送 新竹 July 22, 2010 15

Changes in procedural law date of filing – R 56 重新定登记日 Re-dated when missing Changes in procedural law date of filing – R 56 重新定登记日 Re-dated when missing description or drawings filed within 2 months after the date of filing – R 56(2) 申请人自已发現二个月內补送 if communication is issued, filed within 2 months 收到通知后二个月內补送 只限遺漏部分, 不包含传遞不清 新竹 July 22, 2010 16

Changes in procedural law date of filing – R 56(3) 登记日不变 No re-dated when Changes in procedural law date of filing – R 56(3) 登记日不变 No re-dated when missing parts are withdrawn within one month – R 56(6) 收到通知后一个月內声明放棄遗漏部分 missing description or drawings are completely contained in the earlier application – R 56(3) 声明全在前登记案內, 但须缴: - 副本 (附翻譯) 新竹 July 22, 2010 17

Changes in substantive Patent law language 语文 Art. 14(2) – A European patent application Changes in substantive Patent law language 语文 Art. 14(2) – A European patent application shall be filed I one of the official languages or, if filed in any other language, translated into one of the official languages … 任何一种语文, 包括中文 新竹 July 22, 2010 18

Changes in substantive Patent law language 语文 Art. 14(2) – A European patent application Changes in substantive Patent law language 语文 Art. 14(2) – A European patent application shall be filed in one of the official languages or, if filed in any other language, translated into one of the official languages …任何一种语文 (中文) Art. 65 - Translation of European patent is the his own matter of contracting state. (各会员国自行決定) 新竹 July 22, 2010 19

EP Examination Procedure Begin written request Request before search report no paid no in EP Examination Procedure Begin written request Request before search report no paid no in grace period 申请时已要求实质审查 放棄通知 -> 加速审查 PACE 可送件时即要求 exam. fee paid yes no amendment in time no meet the requirements grant the patent Yes Grant Procedure no withdraw 新竹 July 22, 2010 patent refused 20

EP Examination Procedure Begin written request Request before search report no paid no in EP Examination Procedure Begin written request Request before search report no paid no in grace period Dead line --- 6 M after notice of publication of search report – R 70(1) exam. fee paid yes no amendment in time no 有錢才辦事 meet the requirements grant the patent No Schuss kein Jus Yes Grant Procedure no withdraw 新竹 July 22, 2010 patent refused 21

Changes in substantive patent law 1. 2. Patentable inventions – A. 52(1) “ … Changes in substantive patent law 1. 2. Patentable inventions – A. 52(1) “ … in all field of technology…” – Art. 27 TRIPs 可专利之发明创新須与技術有関 Exceptions to patentability – A. 52(2) 其中包括 computer program 但computer program屬 A. 52(1), 可 新竹 July 22, 2010 22

Changes in substantive patent law Art. 52(4)EPC 1973 Art. 53(c)EPC 2000 Medical Methods for Changes in substantive patent law Art. 52(4)EPC 1973 Art. 53(c)EPC 2000 Medical Methods for treatment of human or body are not patentable 所有有関人体与动物之医学方法均不可授予专利 新竹 July 22, 2010 23

Changes in substantive patent law Art. 52(4)EPC 1973 Art. 53(c)EPC 2000 Medical Methods for Changes in substantive patent law Art. 52(4)EPC 1973 Art. 53(c)EPC 2000 Medical Methods for treatment of human or body are not patentable 所有有関人体与动物之医学方法均不可授予专利 Art. 53 c EPC 2000: 医疗性 --- 不可 非医疗性 --- 美容, 肉貭, 毛貭, 可 新竹 July 22, 2010 24

Changes in substantive patent law 3. Novelty 新颖性 -早登记晚公佈之(抵觸)文 件 Art. 54(4)EPC 1973: designated Changes in substantive patent law 3. Novelty 新颖性 -早登记晚公佈之(抵觸)文 件 Art. 54(4)EPC 1973: designated and paid (cancelled) 須是同一指定国且付年费 (取消) 新竹 July 22, 2010 25

Changes in substantive patent law Novelty post publication 早登记晚公佈之(抵觸)文件 --I---------I----filing date of any other Changes in substantive patent law Novelty post publication 早登记晚公佈之(抵觸)文件 --I---------I----filing date of any other EP application publication date of any other EP application Filing date of new application 登记日 新竹 July 22, 2010 26

Changes in substantive patent law 3. Novelty 新颖性 -早登记晚公佈之(抵觸)文件 Art. 54(4)EPC 1973: designated and Changes in substantive patent law 3. Novelty 新颖性 -早登记晚公佈之(抵觸)文件 Art. 54(4)EPC 1973: designated and paid (cancelled) 須是同一指定国且付年费 Art. 54(1): Novelty – not state of the art Art. 54(2): State of the art = all disclosure Art. 54(3)EPC 2000 = no restriction for “late publication” 早登记晚公佈之对比文件一律视为先前技術 新竹 July 22, 2010 27

Changes in substantive patent law 3. Novelty 新颖性 Art. 54(5)EPC 2000: second and further Changes in substantive patent law 3. Novelty 新颖性 Art. 54(5)EPC 2000: second and further medical uses (new) 第二种以上之医疗使用 use-limited product protection of known substances (私人使用, 無法得知) 新竹 July 22, 2010 28

Changes in substantive patent law 4. Priority - A. 87(1) 优先权 Any person who Changes in substantive patent law 4. Priority - A. 87(1) 优先权 Any person who has duly filed, in or for a) any state of Paris Convention … 巴黎公約簽約国 b) any member of the WTO, …” 世界贸易组织会员国 Taiwan 新竹 July 22, 2010 29

Member States of Paris Convention 173 • • The Convention now has 172 contracting Member States of Paris Convention 173 • • The Convention now has 172 contracting member countries, [1] which makes it one of the most widely adopted treaties worldwide. Notably, Taiwan and Kuwait are not parties to the Convention. However, according to Article 27 of its Patent Act, Taiwan recognizes priority claims from contracting members. The Paris Convention entered into force in Thailand on August 2, 2008, bringing the total number of Nation States party to that Convention to 173. [2] Contracting members include: Albania; Algeria; Andorra; Angola; Antigua and Barbuda; Argentina; Armenia; Australia; Austria; Azerbaijan; Bahamas; Bahrain; Bangladesh; Barbados; Belarus; Belgium; Belize; Benin; Bhutan; Bolivia; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Botswana; Brazil; Bulgaria; Burkina Faso; Burundi; Cambodia; Cameroon; Canada; Central African Republic ; Chad; Chile; China; Colombia; Comoros; Congo; Costa Rica; Croatia; Cuba; Cyprus; Czech Republic ; Côte d'Ivoire; Democratic People's Republic of Korea; Democratic Republic of the Congo; Denmark; Djibouti; Dominican Republic; Ecuador; Egypt; El Salvador; Equatorial Guinea; Estonia; Finland; France; Gabon; Gambia; Georgia; Germany; Ghana; Greece; Grenada; Guatemala; Guinea-Bissau; Guyana; Haiti; Holy See; Honduras; Hungary; Iceland; India; Indonesia; Iran (Islamic Republic of); Iraq; Ireland; Israel; Italy; Jamaica; Japan; Jordan; Kazakhstan; Kenya; Kyrgyzstan; Laos; Latvia; Lebanon; Lesotho; Liberia; Libya; Liechtenstein ; Lithuania; Luxembourg ; Madagascar; Malawi; Malaysia; Mali; Malta; Mauritania; Mauritius; Mexico; Moldova; Monaco; Mongolia; Morocco; Mozambique; Namibia; Nepal; Netherlands; New Zealand; Nicaragua; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Pakistan; Panama; Papua New Guinea; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Poland; Portugal; Qatar; Republic of Korea; Romania; Russian Federation; Rwanda; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; San Marino; Sao Tome and Principe; Saudi Arabia; Senegal; Serbia; Seychelles; Sierra Leone; Singapore; Slovakia; Slovenia; South Africa; Spain; Sri Lanka; Sudan; Suriname; Swaziland; Sweden; Switzerland; Syrian Arab Republic; Tajikistan; The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia; Togo; Tonga; Trinidad and Tobago; Tunisia; Turkey; Turkmenistan ; Uganda; Ukraine; United Arab Emirates; United Kingdom; United Republic of Tanzania; United States of America; Uruguay; Uzbekistan; Venezuela; Vietnam; Yemen; Zambia; and Zimbabwe. 新竹 July 22, 2010 30

Changes in substantive patent law Priority - A. 87(1) 优先权 – (延長时限) 1. Declaration Changes in substantive patent law Priority - A. 87(1) 优先权 – (延長时限) 1. Declaration of priority can be amended 16 months after the earliest priority date - R 52(2) 登记日之后, 优先权日起 16个月內仍可修正优先权 2. Re-establishment is allowed – R 136(3) 補救措施 - 可申请复權 3. Translation of priority document is needed only when EPO requests it – R 53(3) 要求翻譯时才须翻 4. no copy needed for US, JP and KO - prioritity 美, 日, 韓 不须複本 新竹 July 22, 2010 31

Changes in substantive patent law Art 69(1) EPC 1973 专利保护范围 the extent of the Changes in substantive patent law Art 69(1) EPC 1973 专利保护范围 the extent of the protection = claims 決定於权利要求之內容 description and drawings shall be used to interpret the claims 新竹 July 22, 2010 32

Changes in substantive patent law Art 69(1) EPC 1973 专利保护范围 the extent of the Changes in substantive patent law Art 69(1) EPC 1973 专利保护范围 the extent of the protection = claims 決定於权利要求之內容 description and drawings shall be used to interpret the claims New: 新加入 Art. 69(2) EPC 2000 on equivalents 等同判断 „For the purpose of determning the extent of protection conferred by a European patent, due account shall be taken of any element which is equivalent to an element specified in the claims. “ 新竹 July 22, 2010 33

最近修改之條文 – 2010年 4月1日生效 Clarification of subject-matter for search New Rule 62 a EPC 最近修改之條文 – 2010年 4月1日生效 Clarification of subject-matter for search New Rule 62 a EPC - Applicant will be invited to indicate the claims complying with Rule 43(2) EPC (more than one independent claim) –> time limit 2 months - Search based on indicated claims - Failure to respond in due time -> search based on first independent claim in each category 新竹 July 22, 2010 34

德國与歐盟所規範之權利要求類別 實體物 (physical entity) 產品 (product) 設備 (apparatus) 動作 (activity) 製造程序 (process) 使用方法 (use) 德國与歐盟所規範之權利要求類別 實體物 (physical entity) 產品 (product) 設備 (apparatus) 動作 (activity) 製造程序 (process) 使用方法 (use) Rule 43(2)EPC 規定, 每一種類別之權利要求, 只准許有一項獨立權利要求. 例外: 技術上不可分離之二項產品 新竹 July 22, 2010 35

最近修改之條文 – 2010年 4月1日生效 Clarification of subject-matter for search Amended Rule 63 EPC - 最近修改之條文 – 2010年 4月1日生效 Clarification of subject-matter for search Amended Rule 63 EPC - For applications where no meaningful search possible - Applicant will be invited to file a statement indicating the subject matter to be searched (time limit 2 months) -> e. g. : indication of a part of description (embodiment) that can be used to interpret claims - Where possible search based on this interpretation of the claims - Failure to respond in due time -> search procedure = no search or partial search 新竹 July 22, 2010 36

最近修改之條文 – 2010年 4月1日生效 Amended Rule 64 EPC - Payment of additional search fee 最近修改之條文 – 2010年 4月1日生效 Amended Rule 64 EPC - Payment of additional search fee – non unityamended to 2 months to bring in line with the period in Rules 62 a & 63 EPC 新竹 July 22, 2010 37

最近修改之條文 – 2010年 4月1日生效 Invitation to respond to extended European search report (EESR) New 最近修改之條文 – 2010年 4月1日生效 Invitation to respond to extended European search report (EESR) New rule 70 a(1) EPC - In the search opinion, the EPO will: - Give the applicant the opportunity to comment on the EESR and - Where appropriate, invite him to correct any deficiencies noted in the - ESOP and To amend the description - Period of 6 months from mention of publication of the search report in European patent bulletin New rule 70 a(2) EPC - In the case of rule 70(2)EPC- exam. request before SRPT or - Euro-PCT with supplementary European search report - EP = period as for 70 a(1) EPC - Euro-PCT = period of 6 months from notification of relevant communication 新竹 July 22, 2010 38

最近修改之條文 – 2010年 4月1日生效 Amendments Rule 137(1): no amendments before search report Rule 137(2): 最近修改之條文 – 2010年 4月1日生效 Amendments Rule 137(1): no amendments before search report Rule 137(2): only one opportunity for own volition amendment: - in response to rule 70 a/161 EPC communications or - in case Rule 70(2)EPC communication waived – until response to first communication under Art. 94(3)EPC (examination report) Rule 137(3): further amendments require consent of examining division Rule 137(4): applicant shall identify and provide basis for all amendments - period for response to examining division's communication requesting compliance = 1 month - failure to respond in due time = withdrawn Rule 137(5): amended claims may not relate to unsearched subject matter, may not related to subject matter not searched as a result of application of rule 62 a (plurality of ind. Claims) or 63 EPC (no meaningful search possible). 新竹 July 22, 2010 39

conclusion New features are , in particular: - Applications may be filed in any conclusion New features are , in particular: - Applications may be filed in any language 可用中文送件 - Date of filing requirements in conformity with PLT 简化確认登记日之条件 - Further processing as standard remedy if time limits not observed – Art. 121 But rule out in Art. 121(4) 申请继续审理为通用之补救方法 -- 但有例外 新竹 July 22, 2010 40

conclusion - Further processing as standard remedy if time limits not observed – Art. conclusion - Further processing as standard remedy if time limits not observed – Art. 121 申请继续审理为通用之补救方法 例外: Art. 121(4) : - Art. 87(1) – priority period 主張优先权 - Art. 108 – period of filing appeal 抗告 - Art. 112 a(4) – period for review appeal at enlarged appeal board 再抗告 新竹 July 22, 2010 41

歐盟專利 • 好處: 一次申請, 37國通用 • 坯處: 費用昂貴, 尤其是翻譯費 (2010年 5月1日) 10 • 根據Art. 歐盟專利 • 好處: 一次申請, 37國通用 • 坯處: 費用昂貴, 尤其是翻譯費 (2010年 5月1日) 10 • 根據Art. 65(1) EPC 在公佈將颁發專利後 • 新竹 July 22, 2010 3亇月內須翻譯成会員国之官方語文 粗略估計: 每一種語文約1400歐元 42

London Agreement 17. 10. 2000 倫敦協議 新竹 July 22, 2010 43 London Agreement 17. 10. 2000 倫敦協議 新竹 July 22, 2010 43

London Agreement 17. 10. 2000 1. states sharing an EPC official language shall dispense London Agreement 17. 10. 2000 1. states sharing an EPC official language shall dispense with translation requirements Art. 65 EPC - Art. 1(1) Ldn. A 7 不须另外翻譯之国家 : DE UK FR CH LU MC (Monaco) LI (Lichtenstein) 2. states that share no EPC official language a) translation of claims into national language – Art. 1(3) Ldn. Agr 7 只须翻譯权利要求之国家 NL DK SE (Sweden) HR (Croatia) IS (Iceland) LT (Lithuania) SI (Slovenia) b) translation of description into English – Art. 1(2) Ldn. Agr 5 接受英文版本之国家: NL DK SE IS HR 新竹 July 22, 2010 44

German Patent 新竹 July 22, 2010 45 German Patent 新竹 July 22, 2010 45

The Way to German Patent & Trademark Office Nationalization Regional Phase/ 30 Mon. A The Way to German Patent & Trademark Office Nationalization Regional Phase/ 30 Mon. A 135 EPC PCT European application International Phase Applicant 新竹 July 22, 2010 46

Filing Process filing How to file & get confirmation not allowed E-mail Telegram Telex Filing Process filing How to file & get confirmation not allowed E-mail Telegram Telex Teletext personally post fax online EP or PCT 新竹 July 22, 2010 47

Filing Procedure filing Filing Requirement 1. Name 2. request 3. one or more claims Filing Procedure filing Filing Requirement 1. Name 2. request 3. one or more claims 4. description 5. drawings - § 34(3) 1. Name 2. request 4. description - § 35(2) Priority Date of Filing Further Examination Search & Search Report Utility Model a) b) Payment, filing fee - § 6 Pat. Kost. G Language – 3 M - § 35(1) only by request, - § 43 Pat. G(1) also by third party - § 43 Pat. G(2) Notice of Publication for Search Report 7 years 新竹 July 22, 2010 Exam. Procedure 48

DE Examination Procedure Begin no , 7 years written request § 43(2)2 Search ended DE Examination Procedure Begin no , 7 years written request § 43(2)2 Search ended yes Search requested yes paid no in grace period no exam. fee paid yes no Hearing no amendment in time no meet the requirements grant the patent withdraw grant the patent yes no of application 新竹 July 22, 2010 patent refused 49

申請德國專利的優點 - 審查 澈底, 精確. - 先德國, 再歐盟/世界, 花小錢省大錢 - 審查官 主動協助獲取專利 - 可電話商討更正事誼 申請德國專利的優點 - 審查 澈底, 精確. - 先德國, 再歐盟/世界, 花小錢省大錢 - 審查官 主動協助獲取專利 - 可電話商討更正事誼 - 手續上之疏忽, 從寬處理 新竹 July 22, 2010 50

謝謝 新竹 July 22, 2010 51 謝謝 新竹 July 22, 2010 51