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迎向內外挑戰；刷新奉獻 生活, 重整發展路向 周年退省
先知 • Inspired speakers who claimed to pronounce in the name of the god. • Nabi: the noun is connected with a root that means “to call”, “to proclaim” • So the nabi is therefore either “he who is called” or “he who proclaims”
先知 • These two meanings together describe de essence of prophesy in Israel. • The prophet is the bearer and interpreter of the Word of God • Ex: 4: 15 -16 • Jr. 1: 9 • The prophet are aware that their message is from God, introducing it with the words: “YHWH declares”, “Word of YHWH” or “Prophesy of YHWH”
先知 • This word compels them and they must speak it. Am 3: 8; Jer 20: 7 -10 • At some point in their lives each received an irresistible divine call, Am 7: 15, Is 6, Jr 1: 410
先知 • These men were sent to proclaim God’s demands and to be “signs” of this divine will in their own persons. • For it is not only the words they speak and the actions they perform that tell of God, but their whole lives. (Ho. 1 -3; Is 20: 3; Jr 16; Ezk 4: 3; 12: 6, 11; 24: 24)
先知 • The divine message comes to them in various ways: – By vision Is 6, Ezk 1, 2, 8, Dn 8 -12, Zc 1 -6 – By most often by internal inspiration… “The word of YHWH came to me…”, “Word of YHWH to…”
先知 • Some times by some quite ordinary circumstances – Sight of an almond branch (Jr 1: 11) – Two baskets of figs (Jr 24) – A visit to the potter’s workshop (Jr. 18: 1 -4)
先知 • The variety in both the reception and transmission of the divine message is in large part a result of the individual temperament and natural talents of each prophet
先知 • The genuine prophet is fully aware that he is a mouthpiece, no more. He has no doubt that the word of God has come to him and that he must pass it on to others.
先知 • The source of his conviction is the mystical and mysterious way of his experience of a direct contact with God
先知 • The prophet’s message relates to both present and future. – His mission is to the men of his own time and nation – But his message stands beyond time since what he declares is the will of the Lord to his people.
先知 • His message is seen in two aspects • Threat and consolation • This is because the true prophet is haunted by the idea of sin, the obstacle to the will of God.
先知 • How can one know if the message is from God? • How recognize the genuine prophet? • The OT offers two criteria – The fulfillment of a prophesy (Dt. 18, 22; Jr 28: 9; Is 7: 14 – The agreement of the prophet’s teaching with Yahwistic doctrine (Dt 13: 1 -6; Jr 23: 22
先知 • The prophet is one who has an immediate experience of God; he is one to whom the holiness and will of God have been revealed; he contemplates present and future through the eyes of God; he is sent to remind men of their duty to God and to bring them back to obedience and love.