Скачать презентацию 被动语态 The Passive Voice 一 运用被动语态的情景 Situations 二 被动语态的结构与时态 Structure Скачать презентацию 被动语态 The Passive Voice 一 运用被动语态的情景 Situations 二 被动语态的结构与时态 Structure

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被动语态(The Passive Voice) • 一、运用被动语态的情景(Situations) • 二、被动语态的结构与时态 (Structure and Tense) • 三、被动语态举例(Examples) • 四、主动变被动的方法(Method) 被动语态(The Passive Voice) • 一、运用被动语态的情景(Situations) • 二、被动语态的结构与时态 (Structure and Tense) • 三、被动语态举例(Examples) • 四、主动变被动的方法(Method) (单宾、双宾) • 五、没有被动语态的动词和词组 (Verbs and Phrases) • 六、Exercises

一、运用被动语态的情景 • 1. 讲话者不知道动作的执行者或不必说出动作的 执行者 (这时可省 by 短语)。 •    My bike was stolen 一、运用被动语态的情景 • 1. 讲话者不知道动作的执行者或不必说出动作的 执行者 (这时可省 by 短语)。 •    My bike was stolen last night. • 2. 借助被动的动作突出动作的承受者。 •    I was given ten minutes to decide whether I should accept the job. • 3. 为了更好地安排句子。 •   The well-known person got on the bus and was immediately recognized by people. (一个主语就够了)

二、被动语态的结构与时态 时态 助动词be 过去分词 1、一般现在时 am/is/are played 2、一般过去时 was/were played 3、现在进行时 am/is/are being played 二、被动语态的结构与时态 时态 助动词be 过去分词 1、一般现在时 am/is/are played 2、一般过去时 was/were played 3、现在进行时 am/is/are being played 4、过去进行时 was/were being played 5、现在完成时 have/has been played 6、过去完成时 had /been played 7、一般将来时 will/shall be am/is/are going to be played 8、过去将来时 would/should be was/were going to be played 9、情态动词+be played

三、被动语态举例 ① The Great Wall was built more than 2000 years old. ② A 三、被动语态举例 ① The Great Wall was built more than 2000 years old. ② A new bridge is being built across the Changjiang River. ③ The project will (is going to) be finished next month. ④ Many trees have been planted around the lake. ⑤ Old people should be taken care of/looked after. ⑥ Books can’t be taken out of the library

四、主动变被动的方法 • 宾变主,谓变被,by短语动后随 • 主动语态的宾语分: 1、单宾 2、双宾 四、主动变被动的方法 • 宾变主,谓变被,by短语动后随 • 主动语态的宾语分: 1、单宾 2、双宾

 • 注意: 1、by短语可以省略。2、如果是人称代词要相应的 变为主格或宾格。如图: • 主动句: 主语+谓语+宾语 • ③ ② ① • • • 注意: 1、by短语可以省略。2、如果是人称代词要相应的 变为主格或宾格。如图: • 主动句: 主语+谓语+宾语 • ③ ② ① • • 被动句:主语 be+过去分词 +by+宾语 • 例如:Luxun wrote the book. • The book was written by Luxun. •

 • • • 2)被动语态的否定式: 在第一个助动词后加not构成 例如:The letter was not written last night. 3、主、被动语态的相互转换: • • • 2)被动语态的否定式: 在第一个助动词后加not构成 例如:The letter was not written last night. 3、主、被动语态的相互转换: 主、被动句的转换可分为三个步骤: 第一步:将主动句的宾语变为被动句的主语。 第二步:将主动句的动词变为被动语态的形式即“be+动词 的过去分词”。 • 第三步:将主动句的主语变为被动句的宾语,前面要加by。

1、单宾: ① She does her homework at school. ﹋﹋﹋﹋﹋ Her homework is done (by 1、单宾: ① She does her homework at school. ﹋﹋﹋﹋﹋ Her homework is done (by her) at ﹋﹋﹋﹋﹋ school. ( by短语常省略) ② Where do people grow cotton in China? ﹋﹋﹋ Where is cotton grown in China? ﹋﹋﹋﹋

2、双宾 • 带有双宾语的主动句,变被动句时,一般把“人”提前。 • 若将“物”提前则要在“人”的前面加to或for. 注:(“make, draw, sing, choose, buy, keep”用for, 其他 动词用to). 2、双宾 • 带有双宾语的主动句,变被动句时,一般把“人”提前。 • 若将“物”提前则要在“人”的前面加to或for. 注:(“make, draw, sing, choose, buy, keep”用for, 其他 动词用to).

2、双宾(举例) --- A book was given to him (by me) yesterday. ○ ﹋﹋﹋ ﹋﹋ 2、双宾(举例) --- A book was given to him (by me) yesterday. ○ ﹋﹋﹋ ﹋﹋ ① I gave him a book yesterday. ﹋ ﹋﹋﹋ --- He was given a book (by me) yesterday. ﹋﹋﹋ ﹋﹋ • ② Mr Cheng teaches us math this term. ﹋ ﹋﹋﹋ are taught • We math this term. • ③My sister bought me a jacket last week. ﹋ ﹋﹋﹋ was bought for • A jacket me last week ▲

五、没有被动语态的动词和词组(1) • 1、有些“静态”动词不能用于被动语态。 • (have, cost, last, own, suit, hold, fit, belong to, agree 五、没有被动语态的动词和词组(1) • 1、有些“静态”动词不能用于被动语态。 • (have, cost, last, own, suit, hold, fit, belong to, agree with等) • ① The travel lasted 3 weeks. 这次旅行持续 了三个星期。 • ② The MP 3 costs 500 yuan. • ③ This dictionary belongs to Mike.

五、没有被动语态的动词和词组(2) • 2、有些不及物动词的主动形式可以用来表示被动意义。 (cut, wash, write, sell, wear等) • ① This kind of shoes 五、没有被动语态的动词和词组(2) • 2、有些不及物动词的主动形式可以用来表示被动意义。 (cut, wash, write, sell, wear等) • ① This kind of shoes sells well. 这种鞋子很畅销。 • ② This kind of clothes washes easily. 这种衣服很容易洗。 • ③ The pen writes smoothly. 这支笔写得流利。

五、没有被动语态的动词和词组(3) • 3、有些词组的主动形式表被动含义:be worth doing, need doing • ①The book is worth reading. 这本书值得读。 五、没有被动语态的动词和词组(3) • 3、有些词组的主动形式表被动含义:be worth doing, need doing • ①The book is worth reading. 这本书值得读。 • ②The bike needs repairing. 这辆自行车需要修理。 • =The bike needs to be repaired. 这辆自行车需要修理。

六、Exercises 1、Jay sings many famous songs. (被动语态) are sung by Many famous songs Jay. 六、Exercises 1、Jay sings many famous songs. (被动语态) are sung by Many famous songs Jay. 2、Her mother gave her a new pen. (同义句) was given to A new pen her by her mother. ▲ were given would finish 3、If he (give) one more minute, he (finish) the exam yesterday. to stand 4、The student is made (stand) there for half an ▲ hour. is finished 5、He won’t go to bed until his homework (finish). were invented 6、The heated ice cream scoops (invent) by a man (call) Lanmon. called 7、Someone saw a stranger walk into the building. (被动) was seen to A stranger walk into the building. ▲