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第四届“外教社杯”全国高校外语教学大赛 A Woman Can Learn Anything a Man Can L/O/G/O 第四届“外教社杯”全国高校外语教学大赛 A Woman Can Learn Anything a Man Can L/O/G/O

Agenda Text Analysis Language Focus Part Ⅲ Part Ⅱ Warming Up Part Ⅳ PartⅠ Agenda Text Analysis Language Focus Part Ⅲ Part Ⅱ Warming Up Part Ⅳ PartⅠ Exercises Part Ⅴ Assignments

Warming Up Margaret Hilda Thatcher —the 1 st female premier of Britain Warming Up Margaret Hilda Thatcher —the 1 st female premier of Britain

Warming Up What is a woman I assure you, I do There is no Warming Up What is a woman I assure you, I do There is no female mind. The brain One shouldn’t expect privileges know… I a not believe becomes one. One of a not is not an organ of sex. As well speak is not borndo woman, onethat anybody because of her sex. Neither should can know until she has expressed herself she female liver. adjust to prejudice. —— Simon de Beauvoir in all —— Charlotte Perkins Gilmanthe arts and professions open to human skill. — Betty Naomi Friedan ----Virginia Woolf 女人并非生就的,而是长成的。 并没有什么女性思维。大脑不是性 女人是什么,说实在的,我不知道…… 器官,正如没有女性肝脏一样。 女性不应因其性别而指望优待,亦 我想,只有当女人在人类能力所能成就的一 ——西蒙·德·波伏瓦 不应迁就偏见。 切技艺和职业中充分展露了自己时,人们才 ——夏洛特·珀金斯·吉尔蒙 能真正懂得女人。 ——贝蒂·纳奥米·弗里丹 ——弗吉尼亚·伍尔夫 What famous women say to themselves

Text Analysis About the Author She works as Me chanical Enginee r at Suss Text Analysis About the Author She works as Me chanical Enginee r at Suss Micro. Tec Carolyn Turk da ngton, Cana rli e lives in Bu Sh She specialized in Instrumentation Development and Electro-Mechanical Hardware

Text Analysis Paras 10 -11 Drawing the conclusion Paras 1 -5 Stumbling into engineering Text Analysis Paras 10 -11 Drawing the conclusion Paras 1 -5 Stumbling into engineering Part One Part Three Part Two Global Structure Paras 6 -9 Overcoming obstacles on her way to success.

Detailed Information she was not a tomboy When she was a little girl, __________. Detailed Information she was not a tomboy When she was a little girl, __________. She was expected to go to college, but not to an engineering department _________________. she didn’t know the first When she was in high school, ____________. thing about engineering. She applied to the six-week long summer program not because she was really interested, but _______________________. because she craved independence from her parents She chose engineering as her major in college because the summer program had _____________. already earned her six credits in engineering Stumbling into engineering

Detailed Information Did she become an engineer entirely by accident? p YES. √ p Detailed Information Did she become an engineer entirely by accident? p YES. √ p NO. Find the evidence, please. She had always been good at ____________. math and design She learned about cars when ______________. trying to convert an SUV into a hybrid electric vehicle in a national competition. She realized that when a subject was difficult, she shouldn’t use her gender as an excuse, but __________. work harder at it Her algebra teacher taught her that bad grades didn’t mean that she was incapable, but _______________. that she should study more She found out that her male college classmates also _________________. had to work hard at some courses, which encouraged her to keep going

 •       When I was a kid, everything in my bedroom •       When I was a kid, everything in my bedroom was pink. I have two sisters and we had a complete miniature kitchen , a herd of My Little Ponies and several Barbie and Ken dolls. We didn’t have any toy trucks, G. I. Joes or basketballs. We did have a Wiffle-ball set, but you would have been hard-pressed to find it in our playroom. Tomboys we weren’t. playroom☆假小子,顽 室 Barbie Joe 美国大兵 n. 儿童游戏皮女孩 tomboy ☆n. 空心棒球游戏 芭比 Wiffle-ball very small 极小的;微型的 G. miniature★ a. herd I. a group of animals of one kind that live and feed together n. (美国美泰玩具公司于1961年推出的系列玩偶商标 名) n. 微型器物;微型复制品,缩微模型 (美国孩之宝玩具公司推出的玩具商标 名) 兽 群;牧群 Ken肯(芭比系列中男性玩偶) a herd of 一群… comprehension Text Analysis –Para 1

What toys did the author and her two sisters like in their childhood? What toys did the author and her two sisters like in their childhood?

So some people may find it ironic I grew up to that be a So some people may find it ironic I grew up to that be a engineer. In fact, I am the only female mechanical engineer at my company. In order to get my college degree, I had to take a lot of math and science classes. I also had to work with a team of students as part of a national competition to a convert into hybrid a electric vehicle gas-guzzling SUV that’s where I learned how to fix cars. I’m proud to say that I got A’s in all my classes, including multivariable calculus and differential equations I’ve. always been pretty good at math and design, but I didn’t understand where that could take me. I was expected to go to college, but no one ever told me I’d make a good engineer someday. differential a. (of a situation) odd or guzzle☆ v. equation☆ n. 微分方程 猛吃,狂饮 ironic☆ having 种的 hybrid▲ a. v. change (from do with, more variable another) 多变 量的;多元的 mechanical 混合的;杂to one form, use, amusing machinery; machine like  a. involving two or or worked to quantities multivariable☆ a. a. 大量耗费 汽油的,用油特多的 convert etc. by, gas-guzzling☆ very different from what is expected 机械(方面)的; 分 n. because it is机械般的,呆板的 混合型机器;杂 交动 calculus☆ n. = (Am. E) Sports Utility Vehicle运动 型多用途汽车 (使)转变 ,(使)转 化 植物 SUV☆ 微积 颇 有讽 刺意味的,令人啼笑皆非的 comprehension Text Analysis –Para 2

What was the national competition she once took part in as a college student? What was the national competition she once took part in as a college student?

 •  When I was in high school, I didn’t know the first thing •  When I was in high school, I didn’t know the first thing aboutengineering. I couldn’t have distinguished atransmission from analternator. The car I drove needed some work but I was afraid to take it to the. Because mechanic honestly, the mechanic could have shown me an electric opener can and said, “This is part of your car and it’s broken — pay me to fix it, ” and I would. n’t have known any better mechanic n. any better not know n. (机器或汽车 repair separate or job transmission v. see, 交流发电 机 to asaboutand maintain 速器;传 distinguishperson whose first is上的)传动 装置,变 machines hear or notice being not know anything notalternator☆ n. someone does sth. bad or stupid because they have know/understand the thing 机修 ;技 n. 开启 具;开瓶器;开罐器 (usedopener that clearly 辨认 出;分辨 to recognize say 输 or how to do (sth. ) 对 …一窍 不通 distinct, about not been told that it is wrong) 因无知而做错 事或干傻事 comprehension Text Analysis –Para 3

Why didn’t she dare to take her car to the mechanic when she was Why didn’t she dare to take her car to the mechanic when she was in high school? Not knowing anything about cars; Afraid of being cheated by the mechanic.

 •  At the end of my junior year of high school, I heard •  At the end of my junior year of high school, I heard about a summer program designed to interest girls in engineering. The six-week program was free, and students were given college credit and a dorm room at the University of Maryland. I applied to the program, not because I wanted to be an engineer, but because I was craving independence and wanted to get out of my parents’ house for six weeks. crave▲ v. feel a powerful desire for渴望得到 University of Maryland 马 里兰 大 comprehension Text Analysis –Para 4 学

What really prompted her to apply for the summer program designed to interest girls What really prompted her to apply for the summer program designed to interest girls in engineering? She was craving independence and wanted to live away from home for some time.

 •   I was accepted to the program and I earned six engineering •   I was accepted to the program and I earned six engineering credits. The next year I entered the university as an engineering major. Five years later I had a degree and three decent job offers. •   I can’t help shuddering I hear about when studies that show that women are at a disadvantage math. They when it comes to imply that I am somehow abnormal. I’m not, but I do know that if I hadn’t stumbled that summer program, into I wouldn’t be an engineer. can’t help doing beoften an sth. when walking; doing stumble★a. different, foot againstundesirable way, from what is v. hit your unable abnormalcomes to when thein to prevent oneself from walk unsteadily at 忍不住要做(某事) suggest 暗示;含有…的意思 a disadvantage when it a. good enough; subject being discussed is (a particular imply v. express indirectly, socially acceptable 绊 了一下;跌跌撞撞而行 likely to succeed because of a problem normal, 一谈到,就…而言 indecentor expected不正常的;变态 的 a situation one is less thing) into: v. shake uncontrollably; tremble with fear or disgust shudder▲ whereby accident 偶然步入 stumble 像样 的,相当好的;得体的 enter 处战 栗;(因恐惧或厌恶 而)发 抖 于不利地位 comprehension Text Analysis –Para 5,6

exercises How did the summer program help her become an engineering major in college? exercises How did the summer program help her become an engineering major in college? Engineering credits.

How long did it take her to get an engineering degree in college? Five How long did it take her to get an engineering degree in college? Five years.

 •  When I was growing up I was told, as many students are, •  When I was growing up I was told, as many students are, to do what I am best at. But I didn’t know what that was. Most people think that when you are good at something, it comes easily to you. But this is what I discovered: just because a subject is difficult to learn, it does not mean you are not good at it. You just have to and grit your teethwork harder to get good at it. Once you do, there’s a strong chance you will enjoy it more than anything else. grit☆ v. 咬紧 grit one’s teeth: press one’s teeth together tightly in anger or determination 咬紧 牙关;下定决心 comprehension Text Analysis –Para 7

What does a difficult subject mean to the author? In her view, if you What does a difficult subject mean to the author? In her view, if you find a subject is difficult to learn, it does not mean you’re not good at it. It just means you have to set your mind and work harder to get good at it.

 •   In eighth grade I took algebra. On one test I got •   In eighth grade I took algebra. On one test I got only 36 percent of the answers correct. I failed the next one, too. I started to think, Maybe I’m just no good at this. I was lucky enough to have a teacher who didn’t take my bad grades as a judgment of my abilities, but simply as an indication I should study more. that He pulled me aside and told me he knew I retake tests, and could do better. He let me the I pulled my grade up to an A. indication n. a sign代数 shows sth. exists, is true, or will happen algebra▲ n. that 迹象;表示 retake☆ v. take again重(考),补 (考) comprehension Text Analysis –Para 8

Why did her algebra teacher let her retake her tests? Because he had confidence Why did her algebra teacher let her retake her tests? Because he had confidence in her abilities believing she could have done better if she had studied more.

I studied a lot in college, too. I had moments of panic while sitting I studied a lot in college, too. I had moments of panic while sitting underneath the buzzing fluorescent lights in the engineering library on Saturday afternoons, when I worried that the estrogen in my body was preventing me from understanding thermodynamics. But the guys in my classes had to work just as hard, and I knew that I couldn’t afford to lose confidence in myself. I didn’t want to choose between my femininity and a good career. So I reminded myself that those studies, the ones that say that math comes more naturally to men, are based on a faulty premise : that you can judge a person’s abilities separate from the cultural cues that she has received since she was an infant No man is an. island. No woman is, either. buzz★ v. , n. or misleading a continuous sound like bees (作)嗡嗡 声 faulty a. mistaken(make)雌激素 because particulardefective有缺陷的 cultural a. relatingn. the culture of a of flaws; society, group or country panic n. sudden uncontrollable fear or anxiety惊慌;恐慌, 惊慌失措 estrogen☆ to femininity☆n. n. qualities that from which another follows as a conclusion infant a 发荧 光的 fluorescent▲ a. very young child婴 儿;幼儿 n. 热 力学 premise★ n. a previous statementare considered typical of women女性气质 前 thermodynamics☆ 文化(上)的 fluorescent light☆ 荧 光灯,日光灯 提 comprehension Text Analysis –Para 9

exercises Was she always confident in herself when she was in college? How do exercises Was she always confident in herself when she was in college? How do you know? No, she wasn’t always confident. She had moments of panic, worried that as a woman she would be unable to understand thermodynamics.

exercises What does the author think of the claim that math and science come exercises What does the author think of the claim that math and science come more easily to men? She considers it wrong because it is based on a faulty premise.

 •   Why are we so quick to limit ourselves? I’m not denying •   Why are we so quick to limit ourselves? I’m not denying that most little girls love dolls and most little boys love videogames, and it may be true that some people favor the right side of their brain, and others the left. But how relevant is that to me, or to anyone, as an individual? Instead of translating our differences into hard and fast conclusions about the human brain, why can’t we focus instead on how incredibly flexible we are? Instead of using what we know as a reason why women can’t learn physics, maybe we should consider the possibility that our brains are more powerful than we imagine. flexible a. able to change or be changed to suit new needs or conditions; able incredibly☆ adv. extremely, unusually 极其,非同一般地 videogame☆ easily 灵活的;有弹 性的 to bend or be bent n. 电 子游戏 to believe令人惊讶 的,难 以置信的 incredible a. surprising or hard comprehension Text Analysis –Para 10

What is her understanding of the human brain? It is flexible and more powerful What is her understanding of the human brain? It is flexible and more powerful than we imagine.