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导游英语 第二版 高等教育出版社出版 2018/3/19 1 导游英语 第二版 高等教育出版社出版 2018/3/19 1

Unit Ten Shopping Travel in Sichuan 购物—四川导游 2018/3/19 2 Unit Ten Shopping Travel in Sichuan 购物—四川导游 2018/3/19 2

 • • • 2018/3/19 教学内容 Part A Know-how for Tour Guides 导游实务 1. • • • 2018/3/19 教学内容 Part A Know-how for Tour Guides 导游实务 1. Entertainments娱乐活动 2. Shopping购物 3. Buying Traditional Chinese Medicine选购中药 Part B Listening Comprehension导 游听力训练 Wuhou Temple武侯祠 3

教学内容 • Part C Situational Dialogue情景对 话 • Dujiangyan Irrigation Project都江 堰水利 程 • 教学内容 • Part C Situational Dialogue情景对 话 • Dujiangyan Irrigation Project都江 堰水利 程 • Part D Methods of Introduction景 点讲解方法 • Method of Section-by-section Introduction分段讲解法

 • • • 教学内容 Part E Introduction to Tourist Sites景点讲解 The Taoping Qiang • • • 教学内容 Part E Introduction to Tourist Sites景点讲解 The Taoping Qiang Stockaded Village桃坪羌寨 Part F Tourism Culture旅游文化 Chinese Taoism中国道教 Part G Translation景点翻译 Tourist sites in Sichuan四川旅游景 点

Part A: Know-how for Tour Guides New words • • peddler authenticity drugstore rhinoceros Part A: Know-how for Tour Guides New words • • peddler authenticity drugstore rhinoceros prohibit brokerage rake-off 导游实务 n. 小贩;传播者 n. 真实性 n. 药房 n. 犀牛 v. 禁止, 阻止 n. 佣金 n. 回扣

Proper Nouns • Chengdu Jinjiang Hotel成都锦江宾 馆 • Sichuan Opera川剧 • Shu Brocade蜀锦 • Proper Nouns • Chengdu Jinjiang Hotel成都锦江宾 馆 • Sichuan Opera川剧 • Shu Brocade蜀锦 • Shunxing Old Tea House顺兴老茶馆

1. Entertainments 导游实务 • The Brown’s check in the Chengdu Jinjiang Hotel. After supper 1. Entertainments 导游实务 • The Brown’s check in the Chengdu Jinjiang Hotel. After supper Miss Yan Juan takes them to watch the Sichuan Opera in the Shunxing Old Tea House, but the Brown’s don’t want to watch the opera. Instead they’d like to buy the Shu Brocade. How could the guide handle the case? 2018/3/19 8

1. Listen carefully, and fill in the words or phrases you have heard. • 1. Listen carefully, and fill in the words or phrases you have heard. • (1) Miss Yan Juan should encourage the Brown’s to watch the opera if the entertainment item is specified in the travel schedule ____________.

 • (2) She should tell them that it may be impossible to obtain • (2) She should tell them that it may be impossible to obtain a refund for the reserved ticket ____________. • (3) If they want to attend other entertainments not specified in the travel schedule, they should make their own arrangements at their own expense ____________.

2. Listen again and answer the following questions. • 1. Do you think that 2. Listen again and answer the following questions. • 1. Do you think that tourists must take part 导游实务 in the entertainment if it is specified in the travel schedule? • Not necessarily. It may be impossible to obtain a refund for the reserved ticket if they don’t take part in the entertainment specified in the travel schedule. 2018/3/19 11

 • 2. How do you advise them if they don’t want to participate? • 2. How do you advise them if they don’t want to participate? • I shall try to encourage them to take part in the entertainment specified in the travel schedule. If they still refuse to participate I shall tell them that it may be impossible to obtain a refund for the reserved ticket.

2. Shopping 导游实务 • Shopping is an important part of tourist activities. Tourists may 2. Shopping 导游实务 • Shopping is an important part of tourist activities. Tourists may go shopping, especially when the tour is drawing to a close. As a local guide, what should you do when they go shopping? 2018/3/19 13

1. Listen carefully, and match the information in column A with that in column 1. Listen carefully, and match the information in column A with that in column B(There are two extra items in column B). Column A Taboos for shopping: • go shopping 2. intentionally extend 3. Exaggerate 4. purchase antiques 5. ask the shop for Column B A. the quality of tourism products B. without the sales receipts C. a brokerage or rake-off D. the shopping time E. the signs of authenticity F. at the designated shops G. at the undesignated shops

Suggestions: • • 2018/3/19 导游实务 1. The guide should take tourists to go shopping Suggestions: • • 2018/3/19 导游实务 1. The guide should take tourists to go shopping at the shops designated by the tourism bureau. She should not add extra shopping programs, extend the shopping time or take them to the shops other than the designated ones. 2. The guide should not exaggerate the quality of tourism products. She must not cheat, or force tourists to buy certain products. 15

 • • 2018/3/19 3. The guide may agree when tourists request to go • • 2018/3/19 3. The guide may agree when tourists request to go shopping by themselves if there is enough time. 4. If tourists want to purchase antiques, the guide should inform them that sales receipts will be required by the Customs when they leave China. Antique shops provide such documentation; antiques sold by peddlers usually do not have signs of authenticity, and may not be allowed out of China. 16

 • 5. The guide should not sell goods to tourists or buy goods • 5. The guide should not sell goods to tourists or buy goods from them. • 6. The guide should not ask the shop for a brokerage or rake-off. 2018/3/19 17

2. Listen again and answer the following questions. • 1. Do you think tourists 2. Listen again and answer the following questions. • 1. Do you think tourists can go shopping by themselves? 导游实务 • The tourists may go shopping by themselves if there is enough time. 2018/3/19 18

 • 2. Can the guide encourage tourists to buy souvenirs? • No, he • 2. Can the guide encourage tourists to buy souvenirs? • No, he cannot encourage tourists to buy any souvenirs. He can only take them to go shopping at the shops designated by the tourism bureau according to the contract.

导游实务 Additional Tips for Tour Guides • Buying Traditional Chinese Medicine • A guide 导游实务 Additional Tips for Tour Guides • Buying Traditional Chinese Medicine • A guide should offer the following services to tourists when foreign tourists buy traditional Chinese medicine: 2018/3/19 20

 • A guide should recommend reliable drugstores to the tourists. • A guide • A guide should recommend reliable drugstores to the tourists. • A guide should inform tourists of the limit of traditional Chinese medicine one can take out of China for personal use: product value of RMB 300 foreign tourists; RMB 1, 500 for the tourists from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan • A guide should tell tourists that items such as musk, rhinoceros horn and tiger bone are prohibited from being taken out of China. 2018/3/19 21

Exercise: Decide whether the statements are true or false 导游实务 • If it is Exercise: Decide whether the statements are true or false 导游实务 • If it is true, put “T” in the space provided and “F” if it is false. • 1. ____ Tourists will register their lost luggage at the lost-and-found office at the airport when they fail to find their luggage. 2018/3/19 22

 • 2. ____ A guide should take tourists to take elevator to evacuate • 2. ____ A guide should take tourists to take elevator to evacuate as soon as possible if the fire occurs. 2018/3/19 23

导游实务 • 3. ____ A guide should stand by the road to signal for 导游实务 • 3. ____ A guide should stand by the road to signal for help immediately when an accident happens. 2018/3/19 24

 • 4. ____ A guide should cancel the travel schedule if the traffic • 4. ____ A guide should cancel the travel schedule if the traffic accident because the safety is always the first. 2018/3/19 25

 • 5. ____ A guide should deliver a written report about the accident • 5. ____ A guide should deliver a written report about the accident after the travel is over. 2018/3/19 26

Part B : Listening Comprehension Wuhou Temple 导游听力 New words • subject • monarch Part B : Listening Comprehension Wuhou Temple 导游听力 New words • subject • monarch • antithetical 的 n. 臣民 n. 君主 adj. 对偶的;对立

Proper Nouns • Wuhou Temple武侯祠 • Liu Bei刘备 • Zhuge Liang诸葛亮 • Front Gate大门 Proper Nouns • Wuhou Temple武侯祠 • Liu Bei刘备 • Zhuge Liang诸葛亮 • Front Gate大门 • Second Gate二门 • Hall of Liu Bei刘备殿 • Hall of Zhuge Liang 诸葛亮殿 • Liu Bei’s Mausoleum刘备墓 • “couplet of psychological attack”“攻心联” • Shu Kingdom蜀国

 1. Listen carefully, and fill in the 导游听力 blanks with the words or 1. Listen carefully, and fill in the 导游听力 blanks with the words or phrases you’ve just heard. • The Brown’s arrive at the Wuhou Temple. Now, they are standing in front of the temple. Miss Yan Juan explains why the emperor Liu Bei and his subject Zhuge Liang was jointly enshrined in the temple. 2018/3/19 29

Wuhou Temple which covers an area of more than (1)_______ mu is located in Wuhou Temple which covers an area of more than (1)_______ mu is located in the south of 80 Chengdu proper. The Temple was built in honor of Liu founding Bei, the (2)_______ emperor of the Shu Kingdom during the Three-kingdom Period. In the temple there are the shrine of Liu Bei (the emperor of Shu), the shrine of Zhuge Liang (the Prime Minister) mausoleum and Liu’s (3)_______, etc. It is a noteworthy temple in China where the monarch and his subject (4)_______ were enshrined and commemorated together. The Front Gate, the Second Gate, Hall of Liu Bei, Hall of Zhuge Liang and Liu Bei’s Mausoleum and so on, are all located on a center (5)_______ line, facing south. It contains: 47 statues of historical figures,

(6)________ inscribed stone tablets, over 60 50 antithetical couplets. Among them the “couplet of (6)________ inscribed stone tablets, over 60 50 antithetical couplets. Among them the “couplet of psychological attack” is most famous, and is regarded celebrated as one of hundred (7)________ couplets in China. In addition there are more than 10 objects like the bronze tripods, incense burners, bells and drums (8)________. The temple serves as a museum history for studying the (9)_______ of the Shu Kingdom as well. Wuhou Temple is the most famous memorial temple that (10)_______ the Three-Kingdom features culture. In 1961 it is ratified as a China Key Cultural Relic Unit under Protection by the State Council.

2. Listen again, and answer the following questions. 导游听力 • 1. Where was the 2. Listen again, and answer the following questions. 导游听力 • 1. Where was the Wuhou Temple located? For whom was the temple built? • It is located in the south of Chengdu proper. The temple was built in honor of Liu Bei, the founding emperor of the Shu Kingdom during the Threekingdom Period.

 • 2. What is the most striking feature of the Wuhou Temple? • • 2. What is the most striking feature of the Wuhou Temple? • It is a noteworthy temple in China where the monarch and his subject were enshrined and commemorated together.

 • 3. What are the main buildings in the Wuhou Temple? How many • 3. What are the main buildings in the Wuhou Temple? How many statues of historical figures and inscribed stone tablets in the temple? • They are the Front Gate, the Second Gate, Hall of Liu Bei, Hall of Zhuge Liang and Liu Bei’s Mausoleum and so on.

 • 4. What is the most famous couplet among over 60 antithetical couplets • 4. What is the most famous couplet among over 60 antithetical couplets in the Wuhou Temple? • The “couplet of psychological attack” is most famous, and is regarded as one of hundred celebrated couplets in China.

Part C: Situational Dialogue Dujiangyan Irrigation Project 情景对话 New words • • conservancy floodway Part C: Situational Dialogue Dujiangyan Irrigation Project 情景对话 New words • • conservancy floodway prefect subdue topography drought pebble n. 保护; 管理 n. 溢洪道;分洪河道 n. 长官 v. 征服 n. 地形 n. 干旱, 缺乏 n. 小圆石;小鹅卵石

Proper Nouns • Dujiangyan Irrigation Project都江堰水利 程 • Fulong Temple (Dragon-Taming Temple) 伏龙观 • Proper Nouns • Dujiangyan Irrigation Project都江堰水利 程 • Fulong Temple (Dragon-Taming Temple) 伏龙观 • Mingjiang River岷江 • “Yuzui” (Fish Mouth) 鱼嘴 • “Divide water by 40% and 60%, subdue flood and drought” “分四六,平潦旱。” • Hanjiaba Flatland韩家坝 • Chengdu Plain成都平原 • Feishayan (Sand-flying Spillway) 飞沙堰 • Lidui 离堆 • Baopingkou (Bottle-neck Channel)宝瓶口

 •

--World Cultural Heritage --World Cultural Heritage

都 江 堰 示 意 图 都 江 堰 示 意 图

Fish Mouth Fish Mouth

Sand-flying Spillway 飞沙堰,是都江堰水利 程的 第二个主体 程, 堰顶距河床 仅2.15米。它的主要功能是 为内江泄洪排沙。 • The Sand-flying Spillway functions Sand-flying Spillway 飞沙堰,是都江堰水利 程的 第二个主体 程, 堰顶距河床 仅2.15米。它的主要功能是 为内江泄洪排沙。 • The Sand-flying Spillway functions to control the flow of water and discharge excess into the inner canal from the main stream. •

Bottle-neck Channel Bao Pin kou Bottle-neck Channel Bao Pin kou

 • Anran rope bridge • Anran rope bridge

Dujiangyan Water Discharge Festival Dujiangyan Water Discharge Festival

Useful Expressions for a dialogue 情景对话 • 1)我带你去一个专门吃四川小吃的地方吧, 肯定让你大饱口福。 • I’ll take you to Useful Expressions for a dialogue 情景对话 • 1)我带你去一个专门吃四川小吃的地方吧, 肯定让你大饱口福。 • I’ll take you to a place specializing in Sichuan snacks. There you can eat all you like. • 2)我口水都快流出来了。我每样都要吃。 • My mouth is watering. I want to eat everything. 2018/3/19 50

 • 3)锅都开了。 热呼呼的真好吃。 • The pot is boiling. This is piping hot and • 3)锅都开了。 热呼呼的真好吃。 • The pot is boiling. This is piping hot and yummy! • 4)还你还别说,中国人是很重视“食补”、 “食疗”的。 • You’re right. The Chinese are very big on “food therapy”, and “nutritional treatment”. 2018/3/19 51

Dujiangyan Irrigation Project 情景对话 • The Brown’s come to visit the Dujiangyan Irrigation Project. Dujiangyan Irrigation Project 情景对话 • The Brown’s come to visit the Dujiangyan Irrigation Project. It is regarded as alive wonder which can be comparable to the Great Wall, both of which have a history of more than 2, 000 years. 2018/3/19 52

 1. Listen to the dialogue, and decide whether the statements are true or 1. Listen to the dialogue, and decide whether the statements are true or false. If it is true, put “T” in the space provided and “F” if it is false. 情景对话 • 1. ______ The Minjiang River is separated into two streams at the bend by a dike named “Yuzui” or Fish Mouth.

 • 2. ______ Li Bing had the project built here according to the • 2. ______ Li Bing had the project built here according to the terrain at the Hanjiaba Flatland. The inner side of the riverbed here is higher than the outer side. • 3. ______ The Fish Mouth is the first section of Dujiangyan Irrigation Project, which divides the water into the inner river as a canal and the outer river as a floodway.

 • 4. ______ In summer, 40% of the water flows into the outer • 4. ______ In summer, 40% of the water flows into the outer river and leaves 60% of the water flowing through the inner river. • 5. ______It is estimated that about 80% of the sands and pebbles is swept away into the outer river through the Fish Mouth.

2. Divide the class into groups, and do the dialogue. Pay attention to your 2. Divide the class into groups, and do the dialogue. Pay attention to your body language. 情景对话

Part D Methods of Introduction 讲解方法 • Method of Section-by-section Introduction • 分段讲解法 2018/3/19 Part D Methods of Introduction 讲解方法 • Method of Section-by-section Introduction • 分段讲解法 2018/3/19 57

 • This method requires that the whole tourist site be divided into different • This method requires that the whole tourist site be divided into different sections in series (序列) so that a guide could introduce them one by one. First of all, a brief survey of the tourist site should be made on the way or at the entrance, including its history, area, aesthetical (审美的) value and the names of its major scenic spots. By this way tourists will have a preliminary (初步的) impression on the site that they are going to visit. However, a guide should not introduce too much about the next scenic spot when he introduces the present one. Towards the end of the introduction of the present scenic spot, it is recommended that the guide briefly introduces the next one so as to arouse their interest for the coming scene. 2018/3/19 58

 • For instance, when he introduces 讲解方法 the Dujiangyan Irrigation Project the guide • For instance, when he introduces 讲解方法 the Dujiangyan Irrigation Project the guide may have a general introduction of the project first. Then the guide may introduce the water conservancy project according to its components (组 成 部 分 ). The project has major three sections: The front segment of the dike is named “Yuzui” (Fish Mouth), the lower stretch of the dike, “Feishayan” (Sand -flying Spillway) and the final segment is Baopingkou (Bottle-neck Channel), the water channel between Mt Yulei and Lidui (the Isolated Mound). 2018/3/19 59

 • The Fish Mouth was constructed to divide the water into the inner • The Fish Mouth was constructed to divide the water into the inner river as a canal and the outer river as a floodway. The Sand-flying Spillway functions as a spillover and serves as flood draining; and the Bottleneck Channel diverts a due amount of water into the canal. The extraordinary coordination of the three major constructions contributes to the miracle of Dujiangyan Irrigation Project is the oldest and also a unique automatic irrigation project without a concrete dam in the world. Today, people still marvel at the application of scientific principles (原理) in the project which turn the Chengdu Plain into the “Land of Abundance”. 2018/3/19 60

Part E: Introduction to Tourist Sites Taoping Qiang Stockaded Village 景点讲解 New words • Part E: Introduction to Tourist Sites Taoping Qiang Stockaded Village 景点讲解 New words • • safeguard flagstone sentry signal convenient sufficient livestock v. 保护, 捍卫 n. 石板;石块 n. 岗哨 n. 信号 adj. 便利的, 方便的 adj. 充分的, 足够的 n. 家畜, 牲畜

 • • blockhouse cereal sundries tortuous 角的 • maze • siege • bonfire • • blockhouse cereal sundries tortuous 角的 • maze • siege • bonfire n. 碉堡;木舍 n. 谷类食品;谷类 n. 杂物;杂事 adj. 曲折的, 转弯抹 n. 曲径;迷宫 v. 包围, 围攻 n. 篝火, 营火

Proper Nouns • Jiuzhaigou Valley九寨沟 • Taoping Qiang Stockaded Village 桃坪羌寨 • “a mysterious Proper Nouns • Jiuzhaigou Valley九寨沟 • Taoping Qiang Stockaded Village 桃坪羌寨 • “a mysterious ancient castle in the East” “神秘的东方古堡”。 • “Zhuangfang”“庄房” • “Wozhe”“窝遮” • “Zhubiao”“猪膘” • Shalang Dance 萨朗舞

Taoping Qiang Stockaded Village • Make a simulated introduction of the 景点讲解 Taoping Qiang Taoping Qiang Stockaded Village • Make a simulated introduction of the 景点讲解 Taoping Qiang Stockaded Village. Keep in your mind the following places of interest, events and their features when you make your introduction. • The layout of the Qiang village is just like an intricate maze. Your introduction of its layout will help tourists understand the mysterious village. • The blockhouse is the most eye-catching building in the Qiang Village. You may focus on your introduction on the sentry blockhouse.

 • The “Zhuangfang” is typical of the Qiang folk house. You may take • The “Zhuangfang” is typical of the Qiang folk house. You may take tourists around the village while introducing their inhabitant customs. • Why can we say the Qiang village a complete defense works? You may introduce the structure of the village, especially the underground water system in addition to the blockhouse.

Part F: Tourism Culture旅游文化 Chinese Taoism 旅游文化 Choose the best answer to complete the Part F: Tourism Culture旅游文化 Chinese Taoism 旅游文化 Choose the best answer to complete the following statements. • 1. Taoism advocates that man should return to the nature, which means man C should A. love the nature. B. dominate the nature. C. follow the order of nature. D. compete with the nature. 2018/3/19 66

 • 2. Who is the founder of Taoism according to the text? B • 2. Who is the founder of Taoism according to the text? B A. Lao Zi. B. Zhang Daoling. C. Jade Emperor D. Marshal Zhao. 2018/3/19 67

 • 3. What are the main teachings in Taoism except for C A. • 3. What are the main teachings in Taoism except for C A. Wuwei. B. Wuyu. C. Wushu. D. Ying and Yang. 2018/3/19 68

 • 4. Taoism exerts a great influence on the Chinese culture which are • 4. Taoism exerts a great influence on the Chinese culture which are reflected in D A. Chinese Kung Fu B. Chinese herbal medicine. C. sacrifice to the God of Kitchen D. A. B. and C. 2018/3/19 69

Part G : Translation for Tourist Sites Translation • 景点翻译 1. Surrounded by ring-shaped Part G : Translation for Tourist Sites Translation • 景点翻译 1. Surrounded by ring-shaped peaks, Mount Qingcheng (青城山) is secluded and quiet (幽静). It has been widely acclaimed as the “most secluded mountain under heaven”(“青城天下幽”) since ancient times. • 青城山群峰环绕,环境幽静,素有“ 青城天下幽”之美誉。 2018/3/19 70

 • 2. The incomparably exquisite (精美 绝伦) cultural relics in the Jinsha Ruins • 2. The incomparably exquisite (精美 绝伦) cultural relics in the Jinsha Ruins (金沙遗址) have astounded the world, and its mysterious sacrificial culture (祭祀文化) has made people reflect on the spiritual world of our ancestors. • 金沙遗址精美绝伦的文物让人叹为观 止,神秘的祭祀文化让人深思先人 的精神世界。 2018/3/19 71

 • 3. Varying in size and shape, sparkling (闪烁) with colors in brilliant • 3. Varying in size and shape, sparkling (闪烁) with colors in brilliant sunlight, the more than 100 emerald lakes (翠湖) are the essence of the waterscapes (水景) in the Jiuzhaigou Valley (九寨沟). • 一百多个大小各异的翠湖,在日光下 色彩斑斓,是九寨沟水景的代表。 2018/3/19 72

景点翻译 • 4. 乐山大佛(Leshan Giant Buddha) 是唐朝从山崖开凿 (chisel) 出来的, 是世界公认的最重要的石刻弥勒佛 (Maitreya Buddha)像之一。 • Leshan 景点翻译 • 4. 乐山大佛(Leshan Giant Buddha) 是唐朝从山崖开凿 (chisel) 出来的, 是世界公认的最重要的石刻弥勒佛 (Maitreya Buddha)像之一。 • Leshan Giant Buddha, chiseled out of the cliff in the Tang Dynasty, is globally recognized as one of the most important statues of Maitreya Buddha. 2018/3/19 73

 • • 2018/3/19 5. 窦圌山(Mount Doutuan)历史悠久,至今 已经历时 1, 400多个春秋,自古就以清 (tranquility)、奇、幽、秀(delicateness)名 扬天下。 Mt. Doutuan • • 2018/3/19 5. 窦圌山(Mount Doutuan)历史悠久,至今 已经历时 1, 400多个春秋,自古就以清 (tranquility)、奇、幽、秀(delicateness)名 扬天下。 Mt. Doutuan has a history of over 1, 400 years and has been nationally reputed for its tranquility, peculiarity, seclusion, and delicateness since ancient times. 74

 • 6. 黄龙中的钙华滩(travertine shoals)、 湍流(rapid)和瀑布连接起 3, 400多个 钙华彩池,在雪山、森林的映衬(set off)下,熠熠生辉 (glitter brilliantly)。 • Linked • 6. 黄龙中的钙华滩(travertine shoals)、 湍流(rapid)和瀑布连接起 3, 400多个 钙华彩池,在雪山、森林的映衬(set off)下,熠熠生辉 (glitter brilliantly)。 • Linked by travertine shoals, rapids and waterfalls and set off by snowy peaks and lush green forests in the Huanglong Valley, over 3, 400 travertine ponds glitter brilliantly in the sunshine. 2018/3/19 75

The end Thank You! 2018/3/19 76 The end Thank You! 2018/3/19 76