- Количество слайдов: 15
名词性从句考点归纳 一、名词性从句的语序 （1） 名词性从句构成有两种 a. That + 陈述句 That light travels in straight lines is known to all. b. 疑问词+句子的剩余成分 This is what we are looking for.
(2) 疑问词引导的名词性从句要求使用陈述句 语序，不能用一般疑问句语序。 他是怎么成功的仍然是个谜。 How was he successful is still a puzzle. ( F ) How he was successful is still a puzzle. ( T ) 你能告诉我他住在什么地方吗？ Could you tell me where he lives? ( T ) Could you tell me where does he live? ( F )
二、名词性从句连接词的选用 （1）that 和what 的选用 that 和 what 都可引导所有的名词从句。 但是，what除起连接作用外，还在名 词性从句中充当成分，可做从句的主 语、宾语、或表语。而that在名词性从 句中不充当任何成分，只起连接作用。
that / what What 1. ______ he wants is a book. 2. ______ he wants to go there is obvious. That that 3. The result is ______ we won the game. what 4. This is _____ we want to know. what 5. Is _____ he told us true ? what 6. We should pay attention to ______ the teacher is saying. that 7. I have no doubt _____ he will come. 8. I have no idea _____ he did that afternoon. what
if 和whether 的选用 不能使用if 的情况： a. 主语从句 b. 表语从句 c. 同位语从句 e. 介词后的宾语从句 f. whether to do 做动词宾语不能用if to do. g. whether or not 连在一起引导宾语从句时不用if.
if / whether 1. I asked herif / whether she had a bike. _____ Whether 2. ______ we will hold a party in the open air tomorrow depends on the weather. 3. We’re worried about ____ he is safe. whether 4. I don’t know ______ he is well or not. 5. I don’t knowwhether or not he is well. ____ 6. The question is whether he should do it. _____ 7. The doctor can hardly answer the question whether the old man will recover soon. ______ 8. I don’t know whether to go. _______
引导词that 的省略 that 可省略的情况： 单个宾语从句中的that可省略 that不可省略的情况： a. 主语从句 b. 表语从句 c. 同位语从句 d. 用it做形式宾语的宾语从句 e. 并列的宾语从句中的后几个从句的 引导词that 不能省略
that/ (that) 1. I don’t think ____ she is coming. that 2. It is a pity ____ he has made such a mistake. that 3. The reason is _____ he is careless. that 4. The news ____ our team won the match inspired us. that 5. I don’t think it necessary _____ you should read English aloud. (that) 6. He told me _____ his father had died that and _____ he had to make a living alone.
1. It now appears ______ they are in need of help. A. that B. which C. what D. how 2. It is good news ______ they will arrive in a few days. A. which B. what C. that D. how 3. It ______ Joe drives badly. A. thought that B. thinks that C. is thought that D. is thought that 4. It ______ he is late for class. A. may that B. might that C. may be that D. might be what 5. This is ______ she was born. A. where B. which C. that D. what 6. The question is ______ we can’t go there today. A. that B. what C. which D. when
7. The question is ______ it is worth doing. A. if B. whether C. which D. what 8. The reason he has made such great progress is _______ he has never wasted his time. A. because B. why C. that D. what 9. My suggestion is ______ we should turn the land into rice fields. A. what B. that C. which D. where 10. His proposal is that the dam ______ at the foot of the mountain. A. build B. will build C. be built D. will be built 11. My advice is that he ______ regular house. A. keep B. would keep C. keeps D. kept 12. ______ knows the truth will tell you about it. A. Who that B. Whoever C. Whom that D. That who
13. We all know the truth _____ the earth goes round the sun. A. that B. which C. what D. whether 14. We heard the news ______ our team had won. A. which B. that C. what D. where 15. The problem ______ it is right or wrong has not yet been decided. A. which B. that C. whether D. if 16. You must do well ______ the teacher asks you to do. A. which B. what C. that D. where
Homework: 1. Do exercise C 2 2. 创新课时 11 -13