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语法复习:宾语从句 一、考点测试 ( B) 1. I wonder ____ you would like to come to 语法复习:宾语从句 一、考点测试 ( B) 1. I wonder ____ you would like to come to my birthday party. A. that B. whether C. what D. where (B ) 2. Could you tell me _____ last year? A. where does he live B. where he lived C. what he lived D. when did he live (D ) 3. She told me ____ she would buy a used bike. A. what B. which C. whether D. that (C ) 4. There is a red car parking in our neighborhood. Do you know _______ it is? A. what B. who C. whose D. whom (B ) 5. Tom said he _____ back in a week. A. will come B. would come C. come D. came ( A ) 6. I don’t know _____ on the Internet, though most of people do. A. how I can use QQ B. how can I use QQ C. when I can use QQ D. when can I use QQ (C ) 7. Will you please tell us _____? A. where do you work B. where did you work C. where you worked D. where will you work

语法复习:宾语从句 ( B ) 8. I am going to buy a birthday present for 语法复习:宾语从句 ( B ) 8. I am going to buy a birthday present for Benny. Do you know _____? A. when was he born B. when he was born C. when he is born D. when is he born ( B) 9. I don’t know _____ he will be back to his hometown. A. how long B. how soon C. how many D. how often ( A ) 10. John can’t understand _____ the boy alone. A. why she left B. why did she leave C. why she had left D. why had she left ( A ) 11. The manager came up to see _____with her. A. what was wrong B. what wrong was C. what wrong is D. what is wrong ( A ) 12. The teacher told us yesterday the sun _____ in the east. A. rises B. rose C. sets down D. set down ( C) 13. –What did Mr. Green say just now? –He asked us _____ tomorrow. A. what would the weather be like B. what will the weather be like C. what the weather would be like D. what the weather will be like

语法复习:宾语从句 ( C ) 14. I met James in the hotel yesterday, but he 语法复习:宾语从句 ( C ) 14. I met James in the hotel yesterday, but he didn’t tell me ______. A. which building did he live B. which building he lives in C. which building he lived in D. which building did he live (C ) 15. He really wanted to know ____ tomorrow. Can you tell him? A. when we started B. when did we start C. when we would start D. when would we start 二、考点精讲精练   宾语从句是在主从复合句中作主句的宾语的句子。如    

语法复习:宾语从句 考点 1:引导词的选用 (1). 陈述句的引导词用that,常可省略。   I am going to meet my net friends in 语法复习:宾语从句 考点 1:引导词的选用 (1). 陈述句的引导词用that,常可省略。   I am going to meet my net friends in Guangzhou. He said.   →He said that he was going to meet his net friends in Guangzhou. 他说 他将要在广州见他的网友。 (2). 一般疑问句的引导词用if/ whether(是否)。(后有or 时只用whether)   Would you like to play basketball with me? He asked me.   →He asked me if/whether I would like to play basketball with him. 他问 我是否会和他去打篮球。   Is it a fast train or a slowly one? I wanted to know.   →I wanted to know whether it was a fast train or a slowly one. 我想知道 这是快车还是慢车。 (3). 特殊疑问句的引导词用特殊疑问词。   How old are you? They want to know.   →They want to know how old you are. 他们想知道你多大年纪了。   What are you going to do this afternoon? He asked me.    →He asked me what I was going to do this afternoon. 他问我今天下午要 做什么。

语法复习:宾语从句 考点 2:语序 (宾语从句中从句要用陈述句语序,即从句中的第 1助动词在主 语之后)    He asked Jane: “Why don’t you come”?     语法复习:宾语从句 考点 2:语序 (宾语从句中从句要用陈述句语序,即从句中的第 1助动词在主 语之后)    He asked Jane: “Why don’t you come”?     疑问语序(第 1助动词don’t 在主语you之前)    He asked Jane why she didn’t come last night. 他问简恩为什么昨 晚她不来。     陈述语序(第 1助动词didn’t 在主语you之后) Lucy wanted to know if I could make a cake for you. 露丝想知道我是否会 为你做个蛋糕。 特殊:①. What’s wrong with …在宾语从句中不变语序。如:    I want to know what’s wrong with you. 我想知道你怎么啦。   ②. 引导词在从句中做主语时,语序不变。如:    Jack asked me who would give us the lecture this afternoon. 杰克问 我谁今天下午会给我们做报告。   (who 是引导词,在宾语从句中作动词would give的主语,本身己是陈 述语序,不需再变。)

语法复习:宾语从句 考点 3:时态(主句从句在时态上要一致) (1). 主句是现在时(一般现在时,一般将来时,现在进行时,现在完成时),从句 该用什么时态就用什么时态。   “John speaks highly of you. ” Tom tells 语法复习:宾语从句 考点 3:时态(主句从句在时态上要一致) (1). 主句是现在时(一般现在时,一般将来时,现在进行时,现在完成时),从句 该用什么时态就用什么时态。   “John speaks highly of you. ” Tom tells me. →Tom tells me that John speaks highly of me. 汤姆告诉我约翰高度评价我。( 主句用tells, 是一般现在时,从句原时态是speaks, 在这里还是用speaks) (2). 主句是过去时(一般过去时,过去进行时),从句只用过去某种相应时态。   “When shall we have the meeting? ” The boy asked.   →The boy asked when they should have the meeting. 男孩问他们应该什 么时候开会。   (主句用asked,是一般过去时,从句用相应的某种过去时,这里 shall→should)

 • (3). 从句表示客观真理或事实时,主句即使用过去时,从 句仍然用一般现在时。 •    “The earth goes around the sun. ” The • (3). 从句表示客观真理或事实时,主句即使用过去时,从 句仍然用一般现在时。 •    “The earth goes around the sun. ” The teacher told the students. •    →The teacher told the students that the earth goes around the sun. 老师告诉学生们地球绕着太阳走。 •  (主句用told, 为一般过去时,但从句中the earth goes around the sun是客观事实,所以时态还用一般现在时, 不用变) •    Jim asked me whether the light travels faster than the sound.

语法复习:宾语从句 考点 4:宾语从句答题技巧 (逐步排除法)   先用语序判断,再用时态求证,如有需要再用引导词及意思去决定) 如: ( ) –Everyone wanted to know ________ yesterday. 语法复习:宾语从句 考点 4:宾语从句答题技巧 (逐步排除法)   先用语序判断,再用时态求证,如有需要再用引导词及意思去决定) 如: ( ) –Everyone wanted to know ________ yesterday. Could you tell us, Ann?    – By bus, of course. It was too far away. A. how old are you B. where you will go C. how you went there D. why you were late 先从语序判断,把A给排除了,再用时态去求证,主句用wanted,是一 般过去时,从句该用过去的某种时态,从这一点考虑,把B给排除了,用引 导词及意思判断,她的答语是By bus. 故意思符合的只有答案C啦。

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