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中学英语(选修 6) Module 1 Small Talk Reading and Vocabulary 导学案
Words Preview small talk 闲谈，聊天 informal adj. 非正式的 serious adj. 严肃的
Warm up Which conversation in the pictures is a “small talk”?
Discussion What is small talk? 1. Light conversation: polite conversation about matters of little importance, especially between people who do not know each other well 2. Small talk is pleasant conversation about common interests. 3. Polite conversation about trivial or uncontroversial matters. 4. Casual or trivial conversation. 5. Light informal conversation for social occasions
small talk (from Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary): conversation about unimportant things, often between people who do not know each other well: I don't enjoy parties where I have to make small talk with complete strangers. How to make small talk Small talk can be a big challenge, but a little preparation and confidence is all you need.
Famous Dictionaries v. Macmillan English Dictionary v. Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English v. Collins Cobuild English Language Dictionary v. Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary
1 Read the dictionary definitions of small talk and answer the questions. v 1 Which definitions make small talk sound like a positive thing? v. The Longman definition. v 2 Which definitions refer to places where small talk might take place? v. The Collins/Oxford definitions.
• 3 Why is it a problem if someone has no small talk? • They find it difficult to make new friends. • 4 What do you think is the Chinese for “small talk”? • 闲谈，聊天。
Discussion and Speaking 2 Read the words. careers cars examinations film stars food music politics sport travel weather
1 If you talk about these topics, is the conversation serious or small talk? 2 Which of the topics do you like talking about with your friends? 3 Which of them do you talk about with your parents? 4 Which of them do you talk about with your teacher? 5 Which of them do you never talk
Words Preview confidently make friends Lack (be) nervous about advance think of nod adv. 自信地 交朋友，建立友谊 v. 缺乏，缺少 对……焦虑不安 adj. 预先的，在前的 想起，回忆起 v. 点头
body language 身体语言，肢体语言 yawn v. 打哈欠 sigh v. 叹气，叹息 look away from 把目光从……移开 social rules 社交规则 in addition 除此之外，另外 find out 了解，找到（信息） opportunity n. 机会
1 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the words in the box. damage encourage impress prepare recognise
1 The singer was really good! She _____ impressed me a lot! 2 He had an accident and damaged his ____ bicycle. 3 Don’t shout at the children. You should encourage them to do better. _____ prepare 4 Make sure you _______ for your English examination. Do more homework! 5 At the party, I recognised a boy who used _____ to attend my school.
Skimming the passage v. Decide v. It what kind of book it is from a book which tells you what to do at social events. We can guess from the title “How Good Are Your Social Skills” and subtitles “Learn how to do small talk”, “Develop your listening skills” and “Learn the rules”.
v. The v. This general idea: passage is about social skills. It tells us how to have a conversation and how to do small talk and when we go to a social occasion, we should pay attention to social rules in different countries.
Careful Reading The main idea of each paragraph: Part 1 (Paras. 1 -2) Introduction to the body of the passage by asking questions Part 2 (Para. 3) How to do small talk Part 3 (Paras. 4 -6) Dos and don’ts while listening Part 4 (Paras. 7 -8) The social rules
3 Read the passage again and answer the questions. 1 According to the article, should people plan what they’re going to say at parties? Yes, they should prepare some topics to talk about. 2 What do people think about those who talk too much? They are not impressive.
• 3 Describe two things you shouldn’t do in a conversation. • Look at your watch; yawn ( sigh, look away, change the subject, finish other people’s sentences). • 4 Why is it a good idea to nod and smile when the other person is talking? • To show that your are listening.
5 What does the quotation from Benjamin Disraele tell you about people? People like talking about themselves. 五、学生质疑 学生主动提问，教师解答。 六、课下自我测评
4 Complete the sentences. sigh yawn nod avoid lack smile v 1 When I meet strangers, I don’t like to talk about myself, so I avoid _____ answering personal questions. v 2 There are very few foreign visitors to my town, so we lack the ____ opportunity to meet people from other countries.
• 3 I said that we don’t have enough opportunity to speak English and he ______ nodded his head in agreement. • 4 I think the man I spoke to was tiredyawned he _______ a lot. • 5 He looked very sad when I asked him sighed about his home. He _____ when he answered me. 6 I felt very welcome when I arrived at the party. The host smiled ______ at me and shook my hand.
5 Look at the phrases from the passage and answer the questions. v 1 If you can talk confidently, does this mean that you are worried about talking to people? v No, it doesn’t. v 2 What kind of advance planning could you do before going to a party in a foreign country? v You could find out what the social conventions are about arriving, leaving and bringing gifts.
• 3 Can you give an example of a lowrisk conversation opener if you were talking to a friend of your parents’, for example? • “Did you watch the Cup Final last Saturday? ”/ “Have you seen the new James Bond film? ” • 4 What encouraging noises and gestures can you make when you’re having a conversation in Chinese?
• Smiling, nodding, saying “Yes” and “Oh, really? ” etc. • 5 What is an example of positive body language? • Facing the person who is speaking and making eye contact. • 6 Are social rules the same in every country? • No, they aren’t.
Discussion and Speaking v 1 Which of the ideas in the reading passage do you think are useful in your society? v 2 Are there any conversation techniques that you think you will use in the future? v 3 Which of the listening skills are you good at? v 4 Which of the social skills do you need to improve? v 5 What are some of the usual small talk topics in China?
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七、学后反思 在本节课你学到了哪 些知识、哪些活动你 积极参与了、哪些地 方需要改进？