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Zimbabwe media reforms: Real or sham? Joburg Radio days 05 July 2012 Zimbabwe media reforms: Real or sham? Joburg Radio days 05 July 2012

Conclusion The latest media reforms in Harare a SHAM v designed and implemented as Conclusion The latest media reforms in Harare a SHAM v designed and implemented as a smokescreen to SADC and media reform activists

The latest reforms betray clear and guiding fundamentals on which the whole campaigns of The latest reforms betray clear and guiding fundamentals on which the whole campaigns of majority rule, and media freedom derived power. And these are: v Inclusivity v Diversity and plurality

Challenges Restrictive Laws v Before independence in 1980, we had a Broadcasting Act that Challenges Restrictive Laws v Before independence in 1980, we had a Broadcasting Act that guaranteed monopoly of the State broadcaster v We had an official Secrets Act that criminalized what I call basic journalistic duties like reporting on what happens in parliament. v We had a Law and Order Maintenance Act that made sure journalist were denied space to get and report on issues under the guise of “Law and order” #The essence of these laws was to exclude certain sectors of society (the black majority) from accessing and distributing information, leaving them at the mercy of an elite ruling clique that decided on when, How and what to tell.

Any media reform therefore that does not address this anomaly, of a media that Any media reform therefore that does not address this anomaly, of a media that plays to the whims and caprices of a few powerful individuals, is a SHAM. We have had other laws under the guise of media reform: v Broadcasting services Act (BSA) v AIPPA v POSA v The Global Political Agreement (GPA) The laws normally have beautiful preambles that reassures but are littered with many draw back clauses that eats into the promises of the preambles. #In my book, these repressive media laws constitute 25% of reasons why media reform in Harare was a SHAM.

Paranoid Institutions v The Ministry of Media, Information and publicity v The Broadcasting Authority Paranoid Institutions v The Ministry of Media, Information and publicity v The Broadcasting Authority of Zimbabwe -their policy is not to talk to people -they have a fixation with CONTROLING, other than facilitating the emergency of an inclusive, diverse and plural media environment -it took them a decade, to licence only two new players -in 11 years of going to work every day, they have never invited Community Radio initiatives to apply for licences. #in my book again, these constitute 25% of reasons why media reforms in Harare a SHAM

The Human Factor This is the single most dangerous impediment to media reforms. It The Human Factor This is the single most dangerous impediment to media reforms. It takes 50% of the blame. This HUMAN FACTOR is represented at different levels by: v The Minister of Media, Information and Publicity, Cde Webster Shamu

v The Secretary in the Ministry of media, Cde George Charamba v The Secretary in the Ministry of media, Cde George Charamba

v Broadcasting Authority of Zimbabwe chairperson, Dr Tafataona Mahoso v Broadcasting Authority of Zimbabwe chairperson, Dr Tafataona Mahoso

You might have the best laws, constitutions, but as long as the HUMAN FACTOR You might have the best laws, constitutions, but as long as the HUMAN FACTOR is not taken care of, where there is impunity and no rule of law, then you will cry till cows come home to roost and have no reform.

Putting the new licences into perspective: There have been more than 28 new licences Putting the new licences into perspective: There have been more than 28 new licences in the print industry since 2009, and recently, only two in the broadcasting arena.

Print media: -Mostly beauty, fashion, soccer and religious magazines. -2 national daily newspapers that Print media: -Mostly beauty, fashion, soccer and religious magazines. -2 national daily newspapers that sell at a $1 each Important step but how many can buy the newspapers in a country with high unemployment rates? Do the papers take care of the rural constituencies? Affordability and accessibility hinder against the principle of INCLUSIVITY

Radio Whereas this guarantees a wider audience than print media, do the current licencees Radio Whereas this guarantees a wider audience than print media, do the current licencees guarantee diversity? We have to ask who are these new players are to answer this question.

Zimpapers Talk Radio station This is a new division of the old Zimpapers that Zimpapers Talk Radio station This is a new division of the old Zimpapers that has always told one side of the Zimbabwean story. Expecting the radio to differ from the Zimpapers print products, to provide the much needed diversity and inclusivity, is like expecting to extract milk from a soccer ball

AB Communications ZI FM Not much is known about the station so far, but AB Communications ZI FM Not much is known about the station so far, but a lot is known about their public face, Supa Mandiwanzira. At his best, he is our answer to SABC’s Vuyo of morning live, if not way better

He is a shrewd businessman…a typical black diamond that must be allowed to shine He is a shrewd businessman…a typical black diamond that must be allowed to shine

A Zanu PF apologist, and a strong contender for the Zanu PF Nyanga South A Zanu PF apologist, and a strong contender for the Zanu PF Nyanga South House of Assembly parliamentary seat. (Assuming the licence carrot dangled won’t help him change his mind)

From past performance and associations, does he offer hope for diversity and inclusivity? Certainly From past performance and associations, does he offer hope for diversity and inclusivity? Certainly NOT.

Where does this leave Zimbabwe? In a worse state than was before GPA and Where does this leave Zimbabwe? In a worse state than was before GPA and these two licences. Whereas in the past, we used to battle with a clearly partisan and nauseating public broadcaster with 6 outlets (4 radio and 2 tv) we are most likely to end up with the old partisan public broadcaster and two new pseudo-party mouthpieces that will really drown any other diverse view in the country Most likely the stations will try to outdo each other in the service of a political party and a ruling minority to the detriment of INCLUSIVITY and DIVERSITY

Thank you Thank you