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www. whybiotech. com The Politics of GMOs: Sound Science vs. Sound Bites Canola Council www. whybiotech. com The Politics of GMOs: Sound Science vs. Sound Bites Canola Council of Canada Puerto Vallarta, Mexico March 23, 2004

2 Resistance to new technology is not new Thomas Fairchild’s mule 2 Resistance to new technology is not new Thomas Fairchild’s mule

3 Resistance to new technology is nothave recently new “We advanced our knowledge of 3 Resistance to new technology is nothave recently new “We advanced our knowledge of genetics to a point where we can manipulate life in a way never intended by nature. We must proceed with the utmost caution in the application of this new-found knowledge. ” — Luther Burbank 1906

4 Resistance to new food is not new Coffee was outlawed or restricted in 4 Resistance to new food is not new Coffee was outlawed or restricted in Mecca, Cairo, Istanbul, England, Germany and Sweden “The body becomes a mere shadow of its former self; it goes into a decline and dwindles away. The heart and guts are so weakened that the drinker suffers delusions, and the body receives such a shock that it is though it were bewitched. ” — French doctors 1674

5 Resistance to new food is not new • Tomatoes were considered poisonous in 5 Resistance to new food is not new • Tomatoes were considered poisonous in the U. S. until 1830 • Colonel Gibbon Johnson ate a “wolf peach” on courthouse steps in New Jersey • A crowd of 2, 000 gathered to witness a suicide • Potatoes were believed to cause a variety of diseases, including leprosy, fever, tuberculosis and rickets

6 Drumbeat of negative press Frankenfoods Monarch butterfly Star. Link corn and tacos Mad 6 Drumbeat of negative press Frankenfoods Monarch butterfly Star. Link corn and tacos Mad cow disease

7 CBI vision Improve people’s understanding and acceptance in order to create a marketplace 7 CBI vision Improve people’s understanding and acceptance in order to create a marketplace that allows the world to benefit from the products of agricultural and food biotechnology

8 The reach Canada Mexico United States 8 The reach Canada Mexico United States

9 Global affiliates Africa Argentina Australia/New Zealand Brazil Chile Columbia Europe India/ Southeast Asia 9 Global affiliates Africa Argentina Australia/New Zealand Brazil Chile Columbia Europe India/ Southeast Asia Japan Korea

10 Sound science vs. sound bites “Demagoguery beats data in making public policy. ” 10 Sound science vs. sound bites “Demagoguery beats data in making public policy. ” — Rep. Dick Armey Former U. S. House Majority Leader “Facts are stubborn things. ” — John Adams 2 nd president of the United States

11 Documenting Adoption 11 Documenting Adoption

12 Percentage Biotech crops gain ground with U. S. , Canadian farmers • Canola: 12 Percentage Biotech crops gain ground with U. S. , Canadian farmers • Canola: 68% • Corn: 58% • Soybean: 48% Source: USDA, NASS

13 Acres Global biotech acreage: Double-digit growth for seventh straight year Source: ISAAA 13 Acres Global biotech acreage: Double-digit growth for seventh straight year Source: ISAAA

14 7 million farmers in 18 countries 14 7 million farmers in 18 countries

16 Documenting the Benefits 16 Documenting the Benefits

19 Economic benefits in the United States Adoption of six biotech crops has: • 19 Economic benefits in the United States Adoption of six biotech crops has: • Increased annual production by 4 billion pounds • Improved farmer income by $1. 5 billion • Reduced pesticide spraying by 46 million pounds — National Center for Food and Agricultural Policy

20 Potential economic benefits in the United States Adoption of 32 additional cultivars could: 20 Potential economic benefits in the United States Adoption of 32 additional cultivars could: • Increase annual production by 10 billion pounds – Total: 14 billion pounds • Reduce annual farmer costs by $1 billion – Total: $2. 5 billion • Reduce annual spraying by 117 million pounds – Total: 163 million pounds — National Center for Food and Agricultural Policy

21 Environmental benefits: Sparing the plow • No-till acres increased 35 percent to 55 21 Environmental benefits: Sparing the plow • No-till acres increased 35 percent to 55 million acres since biotech crops introduced • Reduces soil erosion 1 billion tons per year • Saves $3. 5 billion in water treatment and waterway maintenance • Saves farmers 309 million gallons of fuel per year • Improves wildlife habitat — Conservation Technology Information Center

22 Environmental benefits: A smorgasbord • Prevent soil erosion by increasing no-till farming practices 22 Environmental benefits: A smorgasbord • Prevent soil erosion by increasing no-till farming practices • Improve water quality through the use of more benign herbicides • Improve air quality through no -till farming that reduces greenhouse gas emissions • Increase biodiversity through more no-till farming • More beneficial insects, more habitat for birds and other wildlife — Council of Agricultural Science and Technology

24 Perception vs. Reality What do people really think about biotech? 24 Perception vs. Reality What do people really think about biotech?

25 How research tracks progress T I M E I accept and support the 25 How research tracks progress T I M E I accept and support the technology and would be comfortable buying and eating the food. I believe biotechnology has important benefits and that the risks are low. I know at least something about biotechnology. I know biotechnology exists. Awareness Agreement Acceptance

26 Overall support steady: Out of sight, out of mind Would you say you 26 Overall support steady: Out of sight, out of mind Would you say you strongly support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose … using biotechnology to develop new varieties of crops such as cotton, corn, soybeans and wheat or are you neutral? * Monarch followed by Star. Link Percent support Opinion leaders General public Gatekeepers * The words “and wheat” were added to the question in March 2002

27 Agreement with benefits: Trend is positive Percent who agree that each is true 27 Agreement with benefits: Trend is positive Percent who agree that each is true of biotechnology General Public New medicines Feed the world Hardier crops Healthier foods Renewable fuel resources Fewer pesticides

Consumers have grown more certain about the long term benefits of biotechnology. “The use Consumers have grown more certain about the long term benefits of biotechnology. “The use of biotechnology in farming will be good for our society in the long term, regardless of what some people say now. ” + 6 points % AGREE Total % Agree/ Depends - 8 points % DK/ DEPENDS

29 Canada 29 Canada

30 Agreement with most biotech benefits remains stable Percent among general public who strongly 30 Agreement with most biotech benefits remains stable Percent among general public who strongly or somewhat agree New meds Hardier crops More food Less chems Healthier foods Renewable fuels

31 Biotech foods increasingly viewed as safe Percent among general public who say GM 31 Biotech foods increasingly viewed as safe Percent among general public who say GM crops are: Safer/safe as other crops/foods W 1 Don’t Know Depends Safe/Safer Less Safe Less safe than other crops/foods 23 2 40 35 Pt W 11 Chg 13 5 47 35 -10 +3 +7 0

32 Percentage who say biotech benefits outweigh risks is increasing General Public +6 Opinion 32 Percentage who say biotech benefits outweigh risks is increasing General Public +6 Opinion Leaders +7

34 Consumers prefer biotech sweet corn “Despite widespread perceptions of consumer concerns regarding the 34 Consumers prefer biotech sweet corn “Despite widespread perceptions of consumer concerns regarding the use of genetic engineering in food production, GE varieties outsold conventional sweet corn by a margin of 3: 2. ” — University of Guelph Food Safety Network

35 Mexico 35 Mexico

36 Majority agrees with biotech benefits Percent who “strongly” or “somewhat” agree Q 19 36 Majority agrees with biotech benefits Percent who “strongly” or “somewhat” agree Q 19 a-e: I’m going to read you some statements. Please tell me whether you strongly agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree with each of these, or do you not know? Caution: Due to sampling change for Wave 4 (Jun-03), cannot make trending statements against Waves 1 -3. Wave 4 excludes those not aware of biotechnology.

37 ‘Benefits only companies’ tops concerns Percent who “strongly” or “somewhat” agree Q 19 37 ‘Benefits only companies’ tops concerns Percent who “strongly” or “somewhat” agree Q 19 f-l: I’m going to read you some statements. Please tell me whether you strongly agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree with each of these, or do you not know?

38 Concerns high about overall food safety Q 13: How much, if at all, 38 Concerns high about overall food safety Q 13: How much, if at all, do you worry that foods you buy might not be safe to eat?

39 Percentage of support China, Mexico, Brazil and U. S. have most favorable views 39 Percentage of support China, Mexico, Brazil and U. S. have most favorable views of biotechnology Source: Environics/Globe. Scan

40 Europeans are reassessing their position on biotechnology Consumers are getting more balanced information: 40 Europeans are reassessing their position on biotechnology Consumers are getting more balanced information: • 2003 – 43 percent heard from opponents – 41 percent heard from both sides equally – Only a 2 percent gap in the balance of information • 2002 – 17 percent gap • 2001 – 29 percent gap Source: ABE, 2003

41 Reassessing: Fewer Europeans say biotech crops and foods are less safe Percentage of 41 Reassessing: Fewer Europeans say biotech crops and foods are less safe Percentage of support Percentage of people who say biotech crops and foods are less safe than other crops and food. Source: CBI, June 2003

42 Percentage of respondents Reassessing: More Europeans say “don’t know” when asked if they 42 Percentage of respondents Reassessing: More Europeans say “don’t know” when asked if they would buy biotech food Source: ABE, June 2003

46 Turning the tide: 2004 headlines “Doctors 100% behind decision to allow GM maize” 46 Turning the tide: 2004 headlines “Doctors 100% behind decision to allow GM maize” – Scotsman. com “Uganda gives cautious approval to GM food” – Sci. Dev. net “Chile may expand range of genetically modified products” – Dow Jones “EU Food Agency clears Monsanto rapeseed” – The Ledger “GM food crops to be planted in weeks” – Sydney Morning Herald “China eyes GM food crops to cut costs” – Reuters “GM cotton farming in SA a success” – Business Day “Premier for GM foods in Sweden” – Oresund Food Excellence

47 Turning the tide: 2004 headlines “World biotech plantings increase by 15 pct” – 47 Turning the tide: 2004 headlines “World biotech plantings increase by 15 pct” – Reuters “Double-digit record growth continues for biotech crops worldwide, says ISAAA report” – Dallas. News. com “GM technology transforms farming” – Ontario Farmer “Ontario farmers continue to increase their use of biotechnology” – Ag. Care

48 Challenges Ahead • Lack of awareness, information • New product acceptance • Wheat 48 Challenges Ahead • Lack of awareness, information • New product acceptance • Wheat • Animal biotech • Trade disputes/market access • Chronic hunger, poverty

49 Jury is still out. . . June 2003 Awareness % Heard little/nothing about 49 Jury is still out. . . June 2003 Awareness % Heard little/nothing about biotechnology 66 Benefits % Benefit Awareness – Don’t know Less Pesticides More food Healthier food Hardier crops Renewable fuels 39 20 32 29 42 Concerns % Agree with concerns – Don’t know Health risks Environmental risks Inadequate testing Inadequate regulations 30 33 33 37 % Safety of biotech foods/crops – Don’t Know % Benefits outweigh risks – Don’t Know % Good for society in long term – Don’t Know % Support GM foods – Neutral % Support biotech crops - Neutral 21 19 20 25 22 Acceptance

50 Support grows with knowledge Percent who support biotech to … Develop new varieties 50 Support grows with knowledge Percent who support biotech to … Develop new varieties of crops Genetically modify foods June ‘ 03

51 Council for Biotechnology Information www. whybiotech. com Helping improve people’s understanding of the 51 Council for Biotechnology Information www. whybiotech. com Helping improve people’s understanding of the benefits of agricultural and food biotechnology

www. whybiotech. com The Politics of GMOs: Sound Science vs. Sound Bites Canola Council www. whybiotech. com The Politics of GMOs: Sound Science vs. Sound Bites Canola Council of Canada Puerto Vallarta, Mexico March 23, 2004