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Global advanced networking connectivity Heather Boyles heather@internet 2. edu 10 October 2001 Global advanced networking connectivity Heather Boyles [email protected] 2. edu 10 October 2001

Outline Very brief intro to Internet 2 international program What’s the status of advanced Outline Very brief intro to Internet 2 international program What’s the status of advanced networking in the rest of the world? • Minus U. S. , Canada (see other presentations)

Internet 2 International Goals Ensure global interoperability • of the next generation of Internet Internet 2 International Goals Ensure global interoperability • of the next generation of Internet technologies and applications Enable global collaboration • in research and education providing/promoting the development of an advanced networking environment internationally

International Partners Build effective partnerships in other countries With organizations of similar goals/objectives and International Partners Build effective partnerships in other countries With organizations of similar goals/objectives and similar constituencies Mechanism: Memoranda of Understanding

International Mo. U Partners AAIREP (Australia) APAN (Asia-Pacific) APAN-KR (Korea) ARNES (Slovenia) BELNET (Belgium) International Mo. U Partners AAIREP (Australia) APAN (Asia-Pacific) APAN-KR (Korea) ARNES (Slovenia) BELNET (Belgium) CANARIE (Canada) CARNET (Croatia) CESnet (Czech Republic) CERNET, CSTNET, NSFCNET (China) CUDI (Mexico) DANTE (Europe) DFN-Verein (Germany) GIP RENATER (France) GRNET (Greece) HEAnet (Ireland) HUNGARNET (Hungary) INFN-GARR (Italy) Israel-IUCC (Israel) JAIRC (Japan) JUCC (Hong Kong) NORDUnet (Nordic countries) POL-34 (Poland) RCCN (Portugal) Red. IRIS (Spain) RESTENA (Luxembourg) RETINA (Argentina) REUNA (Chile) RNP 2 (Brazil) Sing. AREN (Singapore) Stichting SURF (Netherlands) SWITCH (Switzerland) TAnet 2 (Taiwan) TERENA (Europe) JISC/UKERNA (UK)

Asia-Pacific AAIREP consortium • AARNET APAN: Asia-Pacific Advanced Network • Japan, Korea, Singapore, Australia Asia-Pacific AAIREP consortium • AARNET APAN: Asia-Pacific Advanced Network • Japan, Korea, Singapore, Australia APAN-KR (Korea) CERNET, CSTNET, NSFCNET in China • Higher education + research JAIRC: Japan Advanced Internet Research Consortium • 10 different networks/testbeds/research projects JUCC (Hong Kong) Sing. AREN (Singapore) TANET 2 (Taiwan) UNINET/NECTEC (Thailand)

Asia to US connectivity (September 2001) Country Network BW(mbps) Interconnect APAN/US Trans. PAC 155 Asia to US connectivity (September 2001) Country Network BW(mbps) Interconnect APAN/US Trans. PAC 155 STAR TAP Australia AARNET 310 Pacific Wave China CERNET 10 STAR TAP Korea KOREN/KREONET 2 45 STAR TAP Japan SINET 40 Abilene, LA Japan WIDE 45 Abilene, SNVA Japan GEMNET 45 Abilene, SNVA Singapore Sing. AREN 27 S. T. /SNVA Taiwan TANET 2 45 STAR TAP Thailand UNINET 10 Abilene, LA

WIDE IPv 6 Connection http: //www. wide. ad. jp/ First IPv 6 only connection WIDE IPv 6 Connection http: //www. wide. ad. jp/ First IPv 6 only connection • 45 mbps Tokyo to Sunnyvale • Connects to Abilene IPv 6 router in Sunnyvale • DV over IP applications development – Fujitsu at University of Maryland

China (CERNET, CSTNET, NSFCNET) CERNET • University network • Dark fiber based – Giga. China (CERNET, CSTNET, NSFCNET) CERNET • University network • Dark fiber based – Giga. Pops: 8 – Miga. Pops: 36 – Cities connected: 160+ – Members: 800+ – Users: 8 M • 16 x 2. 5 G DWDM system • OC 48 POS links to 8 cities • OC 3 POS SDH links to all provincial capitals (except Lhasa)

Trans. PAC http: //www. transpac. org From 155 mbps to… • OC-12 POS Seattle Trans. PAC http: //www. transpac. org From 155 mbps to… • OC-12 POS Seattle (Pacific Wave) to Tokyo • OC-12 ATM Chicago (Star. Light) to Tokyo • Together 1. 244 Gbps Tokyo to the US

Pacific Wave http: //www. pacificwave. net/ Project of the Pacific North. West Gigapop 2 Pacific Wave http: //www. pacificwave. net/ Project of the Pacific North. West Gigapop 2 gig. E switches in telco hotel Interconnecting AARNET, Abilene, CA*net 3, DREN, ESNET, TANET 2

What are people doing with these networks? Trans. PAC apps d. b. • http: What are people doing with these networks? Trans. PAC apps d. b. • http: //www. transpac. org • Telemicroscopy: Osaka Unviersity – UCSD/SDSC collaboration Shared classrooms • MIT-Singapore • UCLA – Kyoto University

Europe TERENA (Trans European Research and Education Network Association) • Membership association of National Europe TERENA (Trans European Research and Education Network Association) • Membership association of National Research Networks (NRNs) • No network, but technology and applications working groups DANTE (Geant) SURFNET (Netherlands) NORDUNET (Nordic Countries) RENATER (France) UKERNA (U. K. ) INFN-GARR (Italy) DFN (Germany)

Europe (National Research Networks, cont’d) ARNES (Slovenia) BELNET (Belgium) CARNET (Croatia) CESnet (Czech Republic) Europe (National Research Networks, cont’d) ARNES (Slovenia) BELNET (Belgium) CARNET (Croatia) CESnet (Czech Republic) GRNET (Greece) HEAnet (Ireland) HUNGARNET (Hungary) Israel-IUCC (Israel) POL-34 (Poland) RCCN (Portugal) Red. IRIS (Spain) RESTENA (Luxembourg) SWITCH (Switzerland)

Europe to US connectivity (September 2001) Country Network BW(mbps) Interconnect Belgium BELNET 155 Abilene, Europe to US connectivity (September 2001) Country Network BW(mbps) Interconnect Belgium BELNET 155 Abilene, NYC CERN 155 STAR TAP France RENATER 45 STAR TAP Ireland HEANET 310 Abilene, NYC/S. T. Israel IUCC 45 STAR TAP Netherlands SURFnet 1244 Star Light Nordic Countries NORDUnet 622 Abilene, NYC/S. T. U. K. JANET 622 Abilene, NYC Russia MIRnet 6 STAR TAP Europe TEN-155/Geant 752 Abilene, NYC

SURFnet http: //www. surfnet. nl/ SURFnet 5 • Just going into production • 10 SURFnet http: //www. surfnet. nl/ SURFnet 5 • Just going into production • 10 gbps 2 x 622 mbps to Star. Light (production) Lambda for research (2. 5 gbps) Star. Light counterpart in Amsterdam Source: Erik-Jan Bos

CERN http: //www. cern. ch Current link is 155 mbps Move to 2 unprotected CERN http: //www. cern. ch Current link is 155 mbps Move to 2 unprotected OC 3 links in November April 2002: OC 12 Summer 2002: Data. Tag OC 48 (2. 4 gbps) to Star. Light KPNQWEST T 3 (21 Mb) CERN - North America, today STARTAP T 3 ATM CERN Po. P Chicago STM-1 POS TEN-155 ATM STM-1 ATM ESNET CERN CIXP Source: Paolo Moroni, CERN

HEANET http: //www. heanet. ie Serves the Irish universities (38) Using 2 of several HEANET http: //www. heanet. ie Serves the Irish universities (38) Using 2 of several OC 3 (155 mbps) links to peer in NYC with Abilene Upgrading backbone to 155 mbps

NORDUnet http: //www. nordu. net/ Connects together networks of Denmark, Iceland, Finland, Norway and NORDUnet http: //www. nordu. net/ Connects together networks of Denmark, Iceland, Finland, Norway and Sweden • Primarily 2. 5 gbps links Upgraded from 310 to 622 (plus 155 to Star. Light (production)) Providing transit to RUNNET (Russia), EENET (Estonia), UARNET (Ukraine) and NASK (Warsaw, Poland)

GEANT http: //www. dante. org. uk Consortium of NRNs in Europe 10 gbps European GEANT http: //www. dante. org. uk Consortium of NRNs in Europe 10 gbps European backbone NRN access at 2. 5 gbps 2 x 2. 5 gbps across Atlantic Interconnecting in NYC

Europe - collaborations Middleware Development • JISC work in U. K. • TERENA working Europe - collaborations Middleware Development • JISC work in U. K. • TERENA working group crossfertilization Qo. S exchanges – TEQUILA QBone CERN experiments Medical Applications • NIH and Ireland Shared Classroom • Penn and Grenoble • Duke in Germany

Americas CANARIE (Canada) CUDI (Corporacion Universitaria para el Desarollo de Internet: México) REUNA (Chile) Americas CANARIE (Canada) CUDI (Corporacion Universitaria para el Desarollo de Internet: México) REUNA (Chile) RETINA (Argentina) SENACYT (Panama) (CRNET, Costa Rica)

Americas Connectivity (September 2001) Country Network BW(mbps) Interconnect Canada CA*net 3 1. 310 S. Americas Connectivity (September 2001) Country Network BW(mbps) Interconnect Canada CA*net 3 1. 310 S. T. , Pacific Wave, NYC Mexico RED-CUDI 255 Tijuana-San Diego (CALREN 2), Juarez/El Paso Chile REUNA 45 Am. PATH Brazil RNP 2 45 Am. PATH

Mexico http: //www. cudi. edu. mx ~30 members 155 mbps backbone (Telmex) Connecting to Mexico http: //www. cudi. edu. mx ~30 members 155 mbps backbone (Telmex) Connecting to U. S. via Tijuana – San Diego (with transit from CALREN 2 to Abilene) at 155 mbps New connection 100 mbps between Ciudad Juarez and El Paso

Am. PATH http: //ampath. fiu. edu Florida International University and Global Crossing led Potential Am. PATH http: //ampath. fiu. edu Florida International University and Global Crossing led Potential to connect 10 countries at 45 mbps each Peering through Miami (colocated with SFGP) REUNA (Chile) and RNP 2 (Brazil) currently connected RETINA (Argentina) soon

RNP 2 http: //www. rnp. br/rnp 2/ 155 mbps backbone 1 -155 mbps access RNP 2 http: //www. rnp. br/rnp 2/ 155 mbps backbone 1 -155 mbps access links 45 mbps via Am. PATH Additional OC 3 to U. S. (30 mbps to STAR TAP)

Americas Remote instruments • Telescopes in Chile • Cosmic ray observatory (P. Auger) in Americas Remote instruments • Telescopes in Chile • Cosmic ray observatory (P. Auger) in Argentina Earth-observation, environmental apps Apps: http: //ampath. fiu. edu/event s. htm

Africa No dedicated R&E network connectivity from African continent European Commission funding connections from Africa No dedicated R&E network connectivity from African continent European Commission funding connections from northern Africa to GEANT

Global Trends and Developments 10 October 2001 Global Trends and Developments 10 October 2001

Internet 2 International connectivity Internet 2 backbone networks have no non-US infrastructure Primarily, our Internet 2 International connectivity Internet 2 backbone networks have no non-US infrastructure Primarily, our partners’ networks pay to get to the US NSF provides some funding for 3 international links and one interconnection point • Trans. PAC, Euro. Link, MIRnet, STAR TAP

STAR TAP and Star. Light http: //www. startap. net Based in Chicago STAR TAP STAR TAP and Star. Light http: //www. startap. net Based in Chicago STAR TAP based on AADS (Ameritech) ATM switch Star. Light is 3 things • A place: colo space at a Asia. Northwestern University Pacific building - 710 North Lakeshore Drive • Optical interconnect: optical switching of wavelengths • Production peering: bridging to legacy STAR TAP CA*n et 4 Seattl Portl e PLR and DTF 40 Gb SDSC SURF CA*net 4 net, CERN I NCSA U PSC N Y C Atlant a AMP ATH Source: Tom De. Fanti, UIUC

International Transit Network (ITN) project Provide transit across North America Cooperation between STAR TAP, International Transit Network (ITN) project Provide transit across North America Cooperation between STAR TAP, CANARIE, Internet 2 Has provided connectivity where formerly gaps • DANTE/TEN-155, JANET to Asia, etc. • Red CUDI to all

Abilene - ITN Internet 2 providing transit between non. US networks (and v. BNS) Abilene - ITN Internet 2 providing transit between non. US networks (and v. BNS) across Abilene Implemented on Abilene now with all non-US peer networks No transit to fednets (except v. BNS) • Direct peering at some interconnects (e. g. DREN, ESNET at Pacific Wave)

22 August 2001 Abilene International Peering SEA/SNNAP AARNET, CA*net 3 (TANET 2, Trans. PAC) 22 August 2001 Abilene International Peering SEA/SNNAP AARNET, CA*net 3 (TANET 2, Trans. PAC) CHICAGO/STAR TAP APAN/Trans. PAC, Ca*net 3, CERN, CERnet, GEMnet, IUCC, KOREN/KREONET 2, MIRnet, NORDUnet, RENATER, SURFnet, Sing. AREN, SINET, TAnet 2 (ANSP, RNP 2) NYCM OC 12 SNVA BELNET, CA*net 3, HEANET, JANET, NORDUnet, SURFnet, TEN-155* GEMNET, Sing. AREN, WIDE (SINET) LOSA SINET, UNINET CALREN 2 CUDI OC 3 UT El Paso CUDI Am. PATH REUNA, RNP 2 (RETINA) * ARNES, CARNET, CESnet, DFN, GRNET, HEAnet, RESTENA, SWITCH, HUNGARNET, GARR-B, POL-34, RCCN, Red. IRIS

A Global Terabit Research Network Currently point to point international connections See more intra-regional A Global Terabit Research Network Currently point to point international connections See more intra-regional connectivity Greater bandwidth across oceans Move toward global backbone?

Information Resources 10 October 2001 Information Resources 10 October 2001

www. internet 2. edu/international www. internet 2. edu/international

ARENA project http: //arena. internet 2. edu/ Atlas of research and education network maps ARENA project http: //arena. internet 2. edu/ Atlas of research and education network maps • Who’s connected to what network? • How are networks connected together? • Show me a path between me and my colleague at a university in Germany! Contact information Topology, logical, multicast, etc. maps Funded in part by NSF

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