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World Ocean Forum 2011 Busan, October 26 -28 Strategic Approach to Green Port Dr. World Ocean Forum 2011 Busan, October 26 -28 Strategic Approach to Green Port Dr. Satoshi Inoue Professor, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies Emeritus Secretary General, International Association of Ports & Harbors (IAPH)

Globalization and Ports Globalization Economic Growth Cargo increases Ship size growth Supply Chain Mgmt. Globalization and Ports Globalization Economic Growth Cargo increases Ship size growth Supply Chain Mgmt. ICT system Security Global Risks Efficiency Quality Port Climate Change Network Disruption Sustainability Cyber Hijack Dr. S. Inoue, WOF 2011 2

Evolution of Port Climate Action IAPH launched the World Ports Climate Initiative, WPCI, in Evolution of Port Climate Action IAPH launched the World Ports Climate Initiative, WPCI, in 2008. WPCI is a global platform for port climate action, open to all ports and parties. Missions Raise awareness Initiate studies & actions Share best practices & information Dr. S. Inoue, WOF 2011 3

Ports where all modes meet Heavy-duty trucks Terminal Ocean-going Vessels Cranes Railway locomotives Coastal Ports where all modes meet Heavy-duty trucks Terminal Ocean-going Vessels Cranes Railway locomotives Coastal ships Wharf Harbor Craft Cargo handling equipment Yard Gate Port Const. Equipment Port Authority Inland ships Light-duty tracks Passenger cars Industries in port area Dr. S. Inoue, WOF 2011 4

GHG emissions by port activity (Port of Los Angeles) Dr. S. Inoue, WOF 2011 GHG emissions by port activity (Port of Los Angeles) Dr. S. Inoue, WOF 2011 5

IAPH Tool Box for Port Clean Air Programs Web-based planning guide No one-size-fits-all approach IAPH Tool Box for Port Clean Air Programs Web-based planning guide No one-size-fits-all approach Steps & methodologies Measures for each of major emission sources Measures & tools readily available, including application cases and pros/cons Regulations & Legal Requirements Dr. S. Inoue, WOF 2011 6

Steps to create climate action programs Step 1 Start-up Step 2 Step 6 Updating Steps to create climate action programs Step 1 Start-up Step 2 Step 6 Updating Preparing & Planning Step 5 Measuring Step 3 Setting up Detailed Programs Step 4 Implementing Dr. S. Inoue, WOF 2011 IAPH Tool Box for Port Clean Air Programs http: //www. iaphworldports. org 7

Reducing emissions of oceangoing vessels Vessel speed reduction • Slowing vessel speed possibly down Reducing emissions of oceangoing vessels Vessel speed reduction • Slowing vessel speed possibly down to 12 knots as approaching or departing a port • Fuel consumption proportional to vessel’s speed 3 • Reducing NOx, PM and GHGs Clean fuels • Requiring use of lower sulfur distillate fuels within the coastal water of a port • Reducing PM and SOx Emission control technologies • Scrubbing, engine upgrading On-shore Power Supply Dr. S. Inoue, WOF 2011 8

On-Shore Power Supply (OPS) Ship emission controls by MARPOL Annex VI entering into force On-Shore Power Supply (OPS) Ship emission controls by MARPOL Annex VI entering into force in 2005 and revised in 2008. Shut down ship engines completely while at berth In 2007, IAPH set up WG for OPS with ISO In 2009, IEC & ISO adopted PAS for HVSC WPCI published OPS planning guidelines Dr. S. Inoue, WOF 2011 9

Environment Ship Index (ESI) ESI evaluates ships in their environmental performance 368 ships and Environment Ship Index (ESI) ESI evaluates ships in their environmental performance 368 ships and 8 ports has joined this program Dr. S. Inoue, WOF 2011 10

Reducing emissions of cargo handling equipment Replace with new engines meeting cleaner standards or Reducing emissions of cargo handling equipment Replace with new engines meeting cleaner standards or buy equipment with cleaner engines Clean fuels • Low sulfer fuel, biodiesel, LNG, etc. Electrification • Automated vehicles, hybrid yard equipment Emission control technologies • Diesel oxidation catalyst, diesel particulate filter, etc. Dr. S. Inoue, WOF 2011 11

Modal Shift: Challenge of Rotterdam Development of Maasvlake II Towards the carbon-free leader port Modal Shift: Challenge of Rotterdam Development of Maasvlake II Towards the carbon-free leader port of the world Reduce 50% carbon emission by 2020 & 80% by 2035 Dr. S. Inoue, WOF 2011 12

Committing to Modal Shift Dr. S. Inoue, WOF 2011 13 Committing to Modal Shift Dr. S. Inoue, WOF 2011 13

Climate Action as key strategy for the future of the port CCS: Carbon Capture Climate Action as key strategy for the future of the port CCS: Carbon Capture Storage Container Transfer Port, Albasserdam Betuwe Rail Connection Dr. S. Inoue, WOF 2011 14

Principles for successful port climate action Go-together approach Climate action should go together with Principles for successful port climate action Go-together approach Climate action should go together with businesses Get involved everyone from outset Integrated approach Start with Inventory emissions of all port-related activities Develop best mix of approaches Sustainable approach Rather than penalties, provide benefits to participants of climate initiatives Design measures to run in a business-oriented way Dr. S. Inoue, WOF 2011 15

Prepare for Climate Change Impacts - adaptation action “Mitigation” alone is not sufficient, ports Prepare for Climate Change Impacts - adaptation action “Mitigation” alone is not sufficient, ports must prepare for impacts of climate measures for ports However, lack of scientific information and reliable forecasts of climate impacts on local coasts prevents ports from making decision of “Adaptation”. Risk-management typed approach would be more practical. Dr. S. Inoue, WOF 2011 16

For Sustainable Ocean & Ports Let us work together with the World Ports Climate For Sustainable Ocean & Ports Let us work together with the World Ports Climate Initiative Thank you for your attention For contact: Tel: +81 -(0)3 -6439 -6127 Fax: +81 -(0)3 -6439 -6010 [email protected] ac. jp Dr. S. Inoue, WOF 2011