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Project Overview § § § Introduction to Factory Automation Numerical Control Build an autonomous Project Overview § § § Introduction to Factory Automation Numerical Control Build an autonomous robotic solution Testing an autonomous robot build by human control Programming a autonomous robot Exploring sensors Autonomous robot design challenge Industrial applications build challenge Industrial applications robot delivery Manufacturing system design challenge

LESSON 08 LESSON 08

LESSON 8 STARTER Learning objective: Analyse the challenge of an industrial process to identify LESSON 8 STARTER Learning objective: Analyse the challenge of an industrial process to identify the task and the constraints, begin to formulate a design solution that will meet the industrial challenge, and develop initial ideas. What happens when robots are built into a system? Individual static robots will function and perform a task from an autonomous position much easier than a robot that is moving around, as its environment does not change. A mobile robot needs to be able to acknowledge and interpret its ever changing position in relation to its surroundings. When you put robots into a system, engineers might consider that the robot is now in an ever changing environment, as robots move around other robots. But in reality there is no change to the way the robot is designed nor programmed. Why? Because the robots are now part of a system, but designed and programmed so that they cannot collide. They will be “blind” to one another (i. e. they will not be using sensors to work out the others location), but they will be designed so that they will work in spaces the other is not. Endorsed by

autonomous Robotics Industrial Apps What are the pro’s and con’s of such a system autonomous Robotics Industrial Apps What are the pro’s and con’s of such a system for manufacture? Consider the situation. You are setting up a manufacturing plant for car engines. The engines can be built by hand, by robot with human support, or by robotic system no human intervention. What are the issues and benefits for such a venture? Manufacturing approach Key features By hand (manual assembly) Humans conduct all assembly tasks in order. Robot and human assembly (hybrid) Humans conduct key tasks where human decision making is needed. Robots conduct repetitive tasks or where humans are in danger Robot assembly (automated) Main benefits Main draw backs Rank order for this situation Other considerations Robots conduct all tasks through the entire production. The system is monitored by computer Endorsed by

autonomous Robotics Industrial Apps Select an industry from the engineering sectors below To begin autonomous Robotics Industrial Apps Select an industry from the engineering sectors below To begin with, you are going to research into an engineering industry of your choice. You will need to find out what that industry makes, how it is made, and consider what product and system you are going to recreate using VEX equipment. Task Select an industry from this list and research what it makes/does and how it does it. Automotive, Packaging, Food Production, Consumer Products, Aviation, Recycling, Energy. For example… The automotive industry Manufactures vehicles Parts are sub assembled and then passed to a main assembly, where they are mechanically joined or welded to the main frame. Products are heavy and complex in their assembly Endorsed by

autonomous Robotics Industrial Apps Present back your industry In your teams, prepare a short autonomous Robotics Industrial Apps Present back your industry In your teams, prepare a short presentation about the industry you have researched, and outline the following facts: - This industry makes… - Companies that work in this industry include… - These companies make… - We are going to create a manufacturing system for a … - We are going to show the system will… The Ener gy Indust ry Compani es like: This com pany stor es and di across th stributes e UK and ene in and ou t of the U rgy K. They use robots to maintain electricity pipes and lines to c al heck con nections. ong Endorsed by

autonomous Robotics Industrial Apps JIT – Just In Time There are many manufacturing approaches autonomous Robotics Industrial Apps JIT – Just In Time There are many manufacturing approaches and strategies that look for efficiency without compromise of quality to the finished product. JIT, or Just In Time, is one such strategy. Definition Just In Time is a manufacturing system in which the materials, components and consumables are delivered to the point on the production line at the moment they are required to be there. This minimises storage costs associated with the production of a multi part product. The features of this system are that it makes a company highly competitive and agile. It can change, increase and decrease production, adapt and improve products, and focus on individual stages of the production line for greater cost saving and performance. In order for this system to work, there needs to be a very organised approach employed throughout. Robotics, programming and the automation (linked to sensors feeding live progress information back into the operation) means that JIT is ideally suited to a robotics led production line and modern manufacture. Task: Discuss how this could impact on the design of your industrial design system. Endorsed by

autonomous Robotics Industrial Apps Kaizen Countries beyond our own have excelled at mastering mass autonomous Robotics Industrial Apps Kaizen Countries beyond our own have excelled at mastering mass and continuous production of products for the consumer market. Japan is a leader in the world economy partly because of Kaizen. Definition Kaizen means continuous improvement, linked to the words change, correct and good. For a business, Kaizen is about improving everything within a business. Changes are only small but they happen regularly. The philosophy says that “If it isn’t broken, make it better, improve it, because if we don’t, we cannot compete with those who do”. As you prototype your industrial system, you task is to use Kaizen in all aspects of your work. From the moment you begin the lesson, to how you divide up the tasks to be done within your team, to how you build your robot solution, to the way you test it, to the way you clear up the workshop and leave the lesson. Task: Begin a diary for your project, the diary is going to record the following information. - what each person is doing - what small changes each person could make to improve the efficiency of the team - what the team could do collectively different to improve the approach A great example of Kaizen in modern design and engineering are companies who focus on iteration in the design process, whereby they constantly prototype and improve a product by repeating stages moving towards a desired goal. Endorsed by

autonomous Robotics Industrial Apps Plan to an industry standard The shared document titled “FANUC autonomous Robotics Industrial Apps Plan to an industry standard The shared document titled “FANUC Design Sample” provides you with a real insight into the level of detail and technical planning FANUC would go into to design the layout of a robotics system. Quick Task: Open the document, and individually, zoom in and identify the elements that make the drawing up. Can you identify: - the robots - the conveyor belts - each robots operational space - storage bays - manufacturing machines Endorsed by

autonomous Robotics Industrial Apps Identify your product/production line process Having researched your industry, considered autonomous Robotics Industrial Apps Identify your product/production line process Having researched your industry, considered how modern manufacturing works, and having developed some experience of building a robotic solution to carry out a task, you are now challenged with identifying what your major project build will do. Consider your industry and what they make - state what your robotic system will do (build, dismantle, sort, etc) E. g. You could create a system that organises and sorts waste into recyclable sub collections. You could plan to use magnets to pick up ferrous metal waste, a water tank to separate dense and aerated materials, and a sensor to sort different materials on a conveyor belt. Endorsed by

autonomous Robotics Industrial Apps Wheels Example Production line For this example, you can see autonomous Robotics Industrial Apps Wheels Example Production line For this example, you can see a car production line from the Automotive industry. The product is a car but for your lesson activity would be a model or toy car. The production line will move the vehicle along a production conveyor, and attach wheels to the car, then spray paint it the appropriate colour before it moves to a loading vehicle for delivery to the customer/retail outlet. Car frame Shipping Paint Endorsed by

autonomous Robotics Industrial Apps Model your system Using 2 D graphics (birds eye view, autonomous Robotics Industrial Apps Model your system Using 2 D graphics (birds eye view, symbol based images), create your production system. You should create each part using simple symbols using desk top publishing software (or the handout provided), and cut and move these on the workbench as you see fit to test and plan your production line. PLAN A PLAN B Endorsed by

LESSON 8 Plenart As a class, let us consider the following questions? A. Why LESSON 8 Plenart As a class, let us consider the following questions? A. Why are design briefs for industry very technical? B. What makes an industrial challenge different from an aesthetically focused design brief? C. Why does it not matter how your robot looks? D. Where can you find inspiration for designing an industrial robot? Endorsed by

LESSON 8 Summary Learning objective: Analyse the challenge of an industrial process to identify LESSON 8 Summary Learning objective: Analyse the challenge of an industrial process to identify the task and the constraints, begin to formulate a design solution that will meet the industrial challenge, and develop initial ideas. Today you have: § Analysed a design brief and challenge § Formulated design solutions that will meet the challenge § Developed initial ideas through sketches Endorsed by




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