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William Shakespeare – Immortal Poet of Nature “He was not of an age, but William Shakespeare – Immortal Poet of Nature “He was not of an age, but for all time. “ Ben Jonson (1996)

1. In which town was Shakespeare born? a. Stratford b. Cambridge c. London 2. 1. In which town was Shakespeare born? a. Stratford b. Cambridge c. London 2. How many photographs exist of William Shakespeare? a. 2 b. 4 c. 1 d. 0 3. What nationality was Shakespeare? a. Italian b. English c. Scottish 4. In which century was Shakespeare born? a. 16 th b. 14 th c. 15 th 5. What is William Shakespeare most famous for? a. Writing Music b. Writing Plays c. Making Films 6. Who did Shakespeare marry? a. Judith Sadler b. Susanna Hall c. Anne Hathaway 7. Shakespeare was the father of how many children? a. 3 b. 2 C. 10 d. 1 8. Is it reasonable to think that someone other than William Shakespeare (1564 1616) of Stratford upon Avon wrote the works attributed to him? a. Yes. b. No.

William Shakespeare was the son of John Shakespeare, a successful glover and alderman originally William Shakespeare was the son of John Shakespeare, a successful glover and alderman originally from Snitterfield, and Mary Arden, the daughter of an affluent landowning farmer. n Mary Arden’s house, three miles north west of Stratford. Here lived Shakespeare’s mother. This is a typical farm house of the period.

Most biographers agree that Shakespeare may have been educated at the King's New School Most biographers agree that Shakespeare may have been educated at the King's New School in Stratford, a free school chartered in 1553, about a quarter of a mile from his home. The school would have provided an intensive education in Latin grammar and the classics. n This is the classroom where Shakespeare was educated, as many people believe. It’s still in use.

At the age of 18, Shakespeare married the 26 year old Anne Hathaway. Six At the age of 18, Shakespeare married the 26 year old Anne Hathaway. Six months after the marriage, she gave birth to a daughter, Susanna, who was baptised on 26 May 1583. Twins, son Hamnet and daughter Judith, followed almost two years later on 2 February 1585. n Anna Hathaway’s cottage, a mile from Stratford, where she was born in 1556, and lived until she married William Shakespeare in 1582.

After the birth of the twins, there are few historical traces of Shakespeare until After the birth of the twins, there are few historical traces of Shakespeare until he is mentioned as part of the London theatre scene in 1592. Because of this gap, scholars refer to the years between 1585 and 1592 as Shakespeare's "lost years” Shakespeare’s plays are still done all over the world.

The motto of Shakespeare was The motto of Shakespeare was "Non sanz droict" or "Not without right" (не без права). n The interpretation of the description of the Coat of Arms granted to Shakespeare would have been the choice of the designer chosen by the Shakespeare family. The crest design would have not formed part of the Heraldic Documentation. As such an original crest is not in existence there are various interpretations of the Shakespeare Coat of Arms. None of these can be viewed as facts

London and Theatrical Career n London and Theatrical Career n "All the world's a stage , and all the men and women merely players: they have their exits and their entrances; and one man in his time plays many parts. . . " n It is not known exactly when Shakespeare began writing, but contemporary allusions and records of performances show that several of his plays were on the London stage by 1592

From 1594, Shakespeare's plays were performed only by the Lord Chamberlain's Men, a company From 1594, Shakespeare's plays were performed only by the Lord Chamberlain's Men, a company owned by a group of players, including Shakespeare, that soon became the leading playing company in London. After the death of Queen Elizabeth in 1603, the company was awarded a royal patent by the new king, James I, and changed its name to the King's Men. n In 1599, a partnership of company members built their own theatre on the south bank of the Thames, which they called the Globe. The company made Shakespeare a wealthy man.

Later Years and Death Shakespeare divided his time between London and Stratford during his Later Years and Death Shakespeare divided his time between London and Stratford during his career. Shakespeare died on 23 April 1616. n This is the place where the house in which Shakespeare died used to be. It was a big house bought by William Shakespeare for his family when he was still in London. Here he spent the last years of his life.

In his will, Shakespeare left the bulk of his large estate to his elder In his will, Shakespeare left the bulk of his large estate to his elder daughter Susanna. Shakespeare's will scarcely mentions his wife, Anne, who was probably entitled to one third of his estate automatically. n n Shakespeare's signature on its will Signatures of Shakespeare which are known now

n Shakespeare was buried in the chancel of the Holy Trinity Church two days n Shakespeare was buried in the chancel of the Holy Trinity Church two days after his death

Shakespeare's Grave. The stone slab covering his grave is inscribed with a curse against Shakespeare's Grave. The stone slab covering his grave is inscribed with a curse against moving his bones: n n Good frend for Iesvs sake forbeare, To digg the dvst encloased heare. Blest be ye man yt spares thes stones, And cvrst be he yt moves my bones. Друг, ради Господа, не рой Останков, взятых сей землёй; Нетронувший блажен в веках, И проклят — тронувший мой прах. (Перевод А. Величанского)

Shakespeare has been commemorated in many statues and memorials around the world THE STRATFORD Shakespeare has been commemorated in many statues and memorials around the world THE STRATFORD MEMORIAL BUST - PICTURE OF SHAKESPEARE n n n The memorial bust of Shakespeare was erected in the Stratford Parish Church. The name of the creator of the original bust is unknown but it is believed to have been commissioned by Shakespeare's daughter and her husband Dr Hall. Mention is made of the bust in the First Folio in a verse by Leonard Digges: "And Time dissolves thy Stratford Monument, Here we alive shall view thee soon. This book, When brass and marble fade, shall make thee look Fresh to all ages. " The original memorial bust can therefore be dated between 1616 when Shakespeare died and 1623 when the First Folio was published.

Royal Shakespeare Theatre n Another memorial to William Shakespeare is the Royal Shakespeare Theatre. Royal Shakespeare Theatre n Another memorial to William Shakespeare is the Royal Shakespeare Theatre. The present building was constructed in 1932. The first building was opened on Shakespeare's birth day in 1879 and destroyed by fire in 1926

n Hamlet, Horatio, Marcellus, and the Ghost of Hamlet's Father. Henry Fuseli, 1780– 5. n Hamlet, Horatio, Marcellus, and the Ghost of Hamlet's Father. Henry Fuseli, 1780– 5. Kunsthaus Zürich. n Oberon, Titania and Puck with Fairies Dancing. By William Blake, c. 1786. Tate Britain.

Pictures of William Shakespeare As William Shakespeare did not come from a noble background Pictures of William Shakespeare As William Shakespeare did not come from a noble background no portraits or pictures of the Bard, or any members of his family, were commissioned. The following images or pictures of William Shakespeare were all apparently crafted after his death. The pictures portrayed of William Shakespeare differ dramatically. n THE DROESHOUT ENGRAVING - PICTURE OF WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE The copper engraving picture of William Shakespeare by Martin Droeshout was published on the title page of the First Folio in 1623.

WILLIAM MARSHALL ENGRAVING PICTURE OF SHAKESPEARE n This image was similar to the Droeshout WILLIAM MARSHALL ENGRAVING PICTURE OF SHAKESPEARE n This image was similar to the Droeshout copper engraving but was reversed and the features altered.

THE STRATFORD PORTRAIT - PICTURE OF WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE n This picture is known as THE STRATFORD PORTRAIT - PICTURE OF WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE n This picture is known as the Stratford portrait. The picture is so called as it is housed at Stratford.

THE CHANDOS PORTRAIT - PICTURE OF WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE n The portrait receives its name THE CHANDOS PORTRAIT - PICTURE OF WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE n The portrait receives its name as it was once in the possession of the Duke of Chandos. The Chandos picture is by far the most attractive of the pictures of William Shakespeare and is typical of English paintings, portraits and costumes of the period.

THE SANDERS PORTRAIT - PICTURE OF WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE n The painting on the right THE SANDERS PORTRAIT - PICTURE OF WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE n The painting on the right is referred to as the Sanders Portrait and was discovered in Eastern Canada in the Spring of 2001. John Sanders is believed to have been a scene painter in William Shakespeare's Theatre Company. The picture is oil on wood and the label on the back of the portrait claims that the picture is "Shakspere, born April 23 rd 1564, died April 23 rd 1616, aged 52,

!. In which town was Shakespeare born? a. Stratford b. Cambridge c. London d. !. In which town was Shakespeare born? a. Stratford b. Cambridge c. London d. Oxford 2. How many photographs exist of William Shakespeare? a. 2 b. 4 c. 1 d. 0 3. What nationality was Shakespeare? a. Italian b. English c. Scottish d. Greek 4. In which century was Shakespeare born? a. 16 th b. 14 th c. 15 th d. 17 th 5. What is William Shakespeare most famous for? a. Writing Music b. Writing Plays c. Making Films 6. Who did Shakespeare marry? a. Judith Sadler b. Susanna Hall c. Anne Hathaway 7. Shakespeare was the father of how many children? a. 3 b. 2 C. 10 d. 1 8. Is it reasonable to think that someone other than William Shakespeare (1564 1616) of Stratford upon Avon wrote the works attributed to him? a. Yes. b. No.