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West Coast Climate Change Initiative 1 West Coast Climate Change Initiative 1

West Coast Governors’ Global Warming Initiative Oregon, Washington, California n Start: Governors’ Directive, Sep West Coast Governors’ Global Warming Initiative Oregon, Washington, California n Start: Governors’ Directive, Sep 22, 2003 n Process: Executive Committee, Working Groups n Complete: Staff recommendations, Nov 2004 Report at: http: //www. ef. org/westcoastclimate/ n 2

West Coast Governors’ Global Warming Initiative Mission To work regionally and within each state West Coast Governors’ Global Warming Initiative Mission To work regionally and within each state to reduce greenhouse gas emissions below current levels 3

West Coast Governors’ Global Warming Initiative World’s Top 10 CO 2 Emitters vs West West Coast Governors’ Global Warming Initiative World’s Top 10 CO 2 Emitters vs West Coast: West Coast States 4 Sources: UCS, EIA, EPA, CEC, NESCAUM

States are players 5 States are players 5

West Coast Governors’ Global Warming Initiative The Benefits of Acting n n n n West Coast Governors’ Global Warming Initiative The Benefits of Acting n n n n Energy dollars stay at home, not exported Hedge against oil and natural gas price spikes Potentially lower energy costs. Clean energy can stimulate economic development Opportunities for leadership in energy tech. Env Benefits: esp. water supply, snowpack. Reduce potential of significant health costs. 6

West Coast Governor’s Global Warming Initiative n n n n n DO Reduce state West Coast Governor’s Global Warming Initiative n n n n n DO Reduce state fleet CO 2 emissions Buy more hybrid vehicles. Implement truck stop electrification Increase renewable energy: 1%/yr to 2015. Require 13 energy efficient appliances Increase efficiency in building codes: 15 % by 2015 EXPLORE Adopting state greenhouse gas reduction targets Adopting CA vehicle emission standards Developing a market-based carbon trading program 7

Oregon Climate Change Advisory Group n n Appointed by Governor in early 2004 Public Oregon Climate Change Advisory Group n n Appointed by Governor in early 2004 Public and private representation (28 members) Adopted “Oregon Strategy” Dec ’ 04 Set GHG emission reduction goals: 10% below 1990 levels by 2020 75% below 1990 by 2050 www. energy. state. or. us/climate/Warming/Strategy 8

Oregon Advisory Group Major Recommendations n n Capture 960 a. MW of electricity savings Oregon Advisory Group Major Recommendations n n Capture 960 a. MW of electricity savings and comparable savings of gas and oil by ‘ 25 Increase renewable energy sales by 1% or more annually through 2015 Convene task force to recommend to the 2007 Legislature a carbon content standard Convene task force to recommend means to implement CA vehicle emission standards 9

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California Climate Change Advisory Group n n Established in July ‘ 04. The Committee California Climate Change Advisory Group n n Established in July ‘ 04. The Committee charge: • Recommend “the most equitable and efficient ways to implement national and international climate change requirements. ” n n Meets quarterly to develop strategies Builds on regional effort with WA and OR. 11

California Climate Change Other Activities n n n CA first to limit GHG from California Climate Change Other Activities n n n CA first to limit GHG from motor vehicles. CA Public Utilities Commission adopted a climate change “adder” in utility resource procurement. CA Energy Commission adopted 2005 State building and appliance standards. CA Energy Commission plans to accelerate state Renewable Portfolio Standard to 2010. Regional GHG science conference, Sep 2005. 12

Washington Climate Change Advisory Group Final recommendations January ’ 04. n Maximize energy efficiency Washington Climate Change Advisory Group Final recommendations January ’ 04. n Maximize energy efficiency n Increase renewable energy in state power mix n Reduce VMT and GHG emissions from vehicles n Reduce waste, increase recycling/composting n Develop and adopt a cap and trade program n Promote citizen/corporate/government actions n 13

Washington Action Washington Action

Impacts of Global Warming in WA 15 Impacts of Global Warming in WA 15

Washington Action Summary n n n n n Governor’s executive request legislation Governor’s executive Washington Action Summary n n n n n Governor’s executive request legislation Governor’s executive order CA vehicle emission standards EGU CO 2 mitigation standards Appliance efficiency standards Truck Stop electrification Ship/terminal electrification Green building standards Building code energy standards ? 16

Washington Action Governor’s Legislative Proposals for 2005 n n California vehicle emission standards * Washington Action Governor’s Legislative Proposals for 2005 n n California vehicle emission standards * Energy portfolio bill with renewable and efficiency requirements for utilities. GHG reduction goals and emissions registry. Energy efficiency standards for 13 appliances * 17

Washington Action Governor’s Executive Order n State construction and major remodels, follow LEED Silver Washington Action Governor’s Executive Order n State construction and major remodels, follow LEED Silver Standard (green buildings). n Reduce state vehicle fuel use by 20%, Sep 2009. n Use professional fleet management practices n Employees to rent low-emission or hybrid vehicles. n Reduce the lifecycle impacts of paper products. n Reduce energy purchases by 10% from FY 2003. 18

Washington Action EGU CO 2 mitigation standards n n WA state law requires new Washington Action EGU CO 2 mitigation standards n n WA state law requires new or expanded EGUs to mitigate 20% of their CO 2 emissions Facilities can: • • • n n remove GHG emissions (not likely) develop their own mitigation project pay a third party for needed mitigation (typical) Was modeled after OR rule, first in nation Applied to one project in WA: • 290 MW combined cycle gas turbine addition • $5. 7 mil payment to third party 19

Washington Action Appliance efficiency standards n n Establishes minimum efficiency standards for 12 products Washington Action Appliance efficiency standards n n Establishes minimum efficiency standards for 12 products not covered by federal law. Primarily commercial products including • Commercial clothes washers, ice cube machines, commercial refrigerators and freezers, commercial space heaters, etc. n n Household and business financial savings = $460 million dollars by 2020 Cumulative GHG reductions by 2020 = 7 mil tons • = removing one million vehicles for a year 20

Washington/Oregon Action Truck Stop electrification n WA plans to electrify major truck stops along Washington/Oregon Action Truck Stop electrification n WA plans to electrify major truck stops along the I-5 and I-90 corridors: • • • First funded project: 60 truck stop spaces Operation starts Spring 06 Benefits: 60, 533 tons per year CO 2 21

Washington Action Ship/terminal electrification n n PSCAA, Port of Seattle, Seattle City Light and Washington Action Ship/terminal electrification n n PSCAA, Port of Seattle, Seattle City Light and Princess Cruise Lines: Agreed to Electrify • Terminal • All Princess ships serving Seattle n Builds on earlier Alaska agreement 22

Washington Action Green Building Standards n n 2005 “Green Building” legislation passed LEED Silver Washington Action Green Building Standards n n 2005 “Green Building” legislation passed LEED Silver Standard for all state funded public buildings over 5, 000 sf or 50% +remodels • City, county, state, schools, colleges • Exceeds 2004 Gov executive order (was only cabinet agencies) n Energy savings = 20% or more 23

Washington Action Building Code Energy Standards n 2002 Residential Building Energy Code • Primarily Washington Action Building Code Energy Standards n 2002 Residential Building Energy Code • Primarily improved window efficiency • Reduces consumption of natural gas and electricity n n 15 year cumulative savings = 1. 9 million metric tonnes 2004 Commercial Building Energy Code • Various efficiencies n 15 year cumulative savings = 965, 000 metric tonnes 24

CONTACTS n West Coast Governor’s: Stu Clark • 360 407 -6800 • scla 461@ecy. CONTACTS n West Coast Governor’s: Stu Clark • 360 407 -6800 • scla [email protected] wa. gov n Energy Efficiency Standards: Tony Usibelli • (360) 956 -2125 • Tony. [email protected] wa. gov n CA Vehicle Standards: Bob Saunders • (360) 407 -6888 • rsau [email protected] wa. gov 25