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Wellness Policies in Schools: Implementation, Measurement and Evaluation Presented by: • Iowa Partners: Action For Healthy Kids • Bureau of Nutrition Programs and School Transportation/Department of Education
The Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004 PL 108 -265 enacted June 30, 2004 Section 204 – Local Wellness Policies “Not later than the first day of the school year beginning after June 30, 2006, each local educational agency … shall establish a local school wellness policy” It’s here!
The law requires the District to develop a wellness policy that • includes goals for nutrition education, physical activity and other school-based activities to promote student wellness • includes nutrition standards for all food available on school campuses • provides assurance that meals meet federal standards • establishes a plan for monitoring including designation of one or more persons charged with operational responsibility for the local wellness policy • involves a variety of people
Many policies are complete. n Drafted Reviewed Adopted n Good job! n n
Now what? You mean we’re not done?
Successful creation of a local wellness policy consists of eight steps: n n n n Conduct the Initial Homework Form the Development Team Assess the District’s Needs Draft a Policy Build Awareness and Support Adopt the Policy Implement the Policy Maintain, Measure, Evaluate
Teamwork n n n Coming together is a beginning. Keeping together is progress. Working together is success. Henry Ford
School Teams n n Team Nutrition Coordinated School Health Councils
Involve those who know n n n Committee to develop policy Implementation Measurement n n n n Teachers Students Food Service Staff Administrators Students Researchers Community/Business
Implementing the Policy Implementation requires good planning and management skills, the necessary resources, consistent oversight, and widespread buy-in by school staff.
Keys to Successful Implementation n n Leadership Commitment Communication Support
Implementation – share the picture n n n Review the policy. What goals were set? Who is responsible? Who can help? When are the goals to be accomplished?
Implementation n What has already been implemented? n What will be easy to implement? n What do you expect to be difficult to implement?
Implementation Challenges n n n Why will it be challenging? n What do you know about it already? n Who can help? n How will it be communicated? Can it be in smaller goals? When do you want it done by?
Timeline n n All at once Phased in over time
Implementation Resources n Team Nutrition – Iowa n n Coordinated School Health n n n http: //www. state. ia. us/educate/ecese/fn/tn/ http: //www. cdc. gov/oess/schoolhealth/ http: //www. cdc. gov/healthyyouth/healthtopics/ wellness. htm Action for Healthy Kids n http: //www. actionforhealthykids. org/
Team Nutrition for Educators www. teamnutrition. usda. gov/educators. html n n n Available Resources for K-12 School Available Resources for Elementary Schools Available Resources for Middle and High Schools
USDA – Changing the Scene Available from USDA website http: //www. teamnutrition. usda. gov/Resources/ changing. html
Idaho Implementation Tool www. idahodairycouncil. org/pdfs/afhk wellnesspolicyfinal. pdf
AFHK Implementation Tool n n Advice and resources specific to an issue that has arisen during implementation. Select a challenge from the drop down list Building awareness and support n Time to eat/schedule conflicts n Physical education n n http: //www. actionforhealthykids. org/wellnesstool/I mp. Tool/index. php
Making It Happen! n School Nutrition Success Stories
Measuring Success n The policy must “establish a plan for measuring implementation of the local wellness policy, including designation of 1 or more persons within the local educational agency or at each school, as appropriate, charged with operational responsibility for ensuring that the school meets the local wellness policy. ”
Measurement Involve the team n Write/Plan based on the goals n Ask for additional ideas n Check the reading level n Involve students, parents, staff and community n
Develop SMART objectives n n n Specific-what will be accomplished Measurable-how much change is expected Achievable-what can be accomplished Realistic-reasonable steps Time-phased-when the objective will be met
How will you measure? Who? When? Where? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. What will be measured? How will it be measured? Who will measure? When will it be measured? Where will it be measured?
Local Measurement n List a part of the policy you want to measure: Examples: Increase participation n n in breakfast walking program n What measurements exist at your agency already? Examples: Participants in n n breakfast walking program
Measurement: Supporting Data and Information n Existing Measurement n n Pre-implementation information. What do we know so far? What can we measure now? Other data/information examples n n n Number eating meals Vending dollars, choices, machines Minutes of physical activity
Iowa’s Local School Wellness Assessment Tool http: //www. fshn. hs. iastate. edu/school nutrition/
Evaluation Planning n n When will evaluation take place? Establish procedure for review (e. g. in conjunction with parent/teacher conference). Who is responsible n n n Who will be involved? What steps have been taken? How will we review the measurements?
Steps for Evaluating the Wellness Policy: n n n Establish a plan for measuring implementation of the local wellness policy Periodically assess how well the policy is being managed and enforced Update or amend the policy as the process moves on Document any financial impact to the school foodservice program, school stores, or vending machine revenues Assess student, parent, teacher, and administration satisfaction with the policies
Evaluation questions follow the policy goals Sample policy goal: Fundraising drives will sell foods that are healthy or non-food related. Fundraising efforts supportive of healthy eating 3 = Fully in Place 2 = Partially in Place 3 1 = Under Development 2 1 0 0 = Not in place
Evaluation: What have we accomplished? n n n Look at policy goals and objectives Look at steps taken Look at measurements, data, and information
Evaluation Resources n School Health Index n http: //apps. nccd. cdc. gov/shi/default. aspx Team Nutrition's Changing the Scene n n NASBE’s Fit, Healthy, and Ready to Learn Action for Healthy Kids http: //www. actionforhealthykids. org/
Evaluation Resources n Iowa’s Local School Wellness Assessment Tool http: //www. fshn. hs. iastate. edu/school nutrition/
Use Evaluation findings to plan improvements Have program activities been successful or fallen short of goals? n Are further resources needed to be more successful or improve the outcome? n Is the policy making a difference? n What is working? What is not? n
How can the impact of the policy be increased? Determine the effect on student health and academic learning. n Keep key stakeholders informed about results. This communication can make the case for future program improvements. n
Ex: Area of concern: Revenue will be lost if more healthy products are provided in vending machines. n Student and other school-based clubs will not be able to raise the funds they need if they cannot sell unhealthy items. n A la carte sales help keep food services in the black-changes will result in lost revenues. n
Listen to the experts Wellness Policy Tool has audio response to questions asked and additional resources are listed. http: //www. actionforhealthykids. org/ wellnesstool/Imp. Tool/index. php
Accomplishments Celebrate successes n Publicize n Recognize contributions n
Getting Your Message Out “Getting Your Message Out” • teamnutrition. usda. g ov/library. html • Can order up to 10 copies • Can read on line
Next Steps n n Revise or refine Proceed n n Communicate Implement Measure Evaluate n n Communicate Implement
Communication At implementation n Who n What n When n Where n How n Why After evaluation n Who n What n When n Where n How n Why
NASBE n n Fit, Healthy & Ready to Learn Download Power. Points from Calories In-Calories Out Conference
ASBO, International n n Journal article February 2003: www. asbointl. org/asbo/files/cc. Page. Cont ent. DOCFILENAME 001052705546 SBA_F eb_03_article_Taking. Action. For. Healthy. Ki ds. pdf
Resources – Coordinated School Health (DOE) n n YRBS – Youth Risk Behavior Survey School Health Profile CDC’s School Health Index NASBE’s Fit, Healthy, Ready to Learn
More Wellness Resource Sites n n n Action for Healthy Kids www. actionforhealthykids. org/ www. aahperd. org/ www. cdc. gov/healthyyouth/ www. healthysd. gov/ www. rethinkingschools. org/archive/20_04/well 204. shtml Any search engine: “Wellness Policy”
Monitoring by State Agency n n n Policy not required to be approved by State Agency. Policy not collected by State Agency. Policy existence checked during NSLP program review and CSIP review.
Monitoring by State Agency n n Is part of the checklist for School Districts 2006 -07 Comprehensive Site Visits – Item 36 (final version 8/3/06) Is part of the National School Lunch Program review
CSIP Checklist items: Item 36. A local school wellness policy for schools under the local educational agency has been established as required under the 2004 Reauthorization of the USDA Child Nutrition Programs which includes the following:
36. a. Documentation that parents, students, representatives of the school food authority, the school board, school administrators, and the public were involved in the development of the school wellness policy.
36. b. Documentation that the Board has adopted a wellness policy prior to the start of the first day of the school yaer beginning after June 30, 2006, and includes goals for: n n n Nutrition education Physical Activity Other school-based activities
36. c. Documentation that the wellness policy includes guidelines selected by the local educational agency for all foods available on each school campus under the local education agency during the school day with the objectives of promoting student health and reducing childhood obesity.
36. d. Documentation that guidelines for reimbursable school meals shall not be less restrictive than regulations and guidance issued by the Secretary of Agriculture pursuant toe subsections (a) and (b) of the section 10 of the Child Nutrition Act (42 U. S. C. 1779) and sections 9 (f)(1) and 17(a) of the Richard B Russell National School Lunch Act.
36. e. Documentation that the wellness policy establishes a plan for measuring implementation of the local wellness policy. 36. f. Documentation that the wellness policy includes a designation of one or more person(s) within the local education agency charged with the operational responsibility for ensuring that the school meets the local wellness policy.
Your turn to evaluate policy examples. School 1 School 2 School 3 Answer the following questions:
a. goals for nutrition education, physical activity, and other school based activities; b. nutrition guidelines for all foods available on each school campus; c. assurance that School Lunch Program shall not be less restrictive than current regulations; d. has a plan for measuring implementation and a person identified to measure implementation; e. involves parents, students, school food authority, school board, administrators, and the public in the development of the policies.
Questions? Comments? Success Stories?
TEAM Effort n n Together Everyone Achieves More n n Together Everyone helps children Achieve Maximum health and ability to learn