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Washington as President 10 Source: http: //www. consulado-americano-rio. org. br/images/george. jpg Political Parties Develop Washington as President 10 Source: http: //www. consulado-americano-rio. org. br/images/george. jpg Political Parties Develop Source: http: //www. nps. gov/focl/jefferson. jpg Washington’s Influence Source: http: //www. gwu. edu/~ffcp/exhibit/p 5_9 Large. jpg Washington was Inaugurated as the first President Thomas Jefferson served as the 1 st Secretary of State Alexander Hamilton helped develop the nation’s economy. Violent protest to the terms of Jay’s Treaty with Britain Washington also warned of the dangers of political parties. Washington with the members of the 1 st Cabinet Washington warned the Nation about getting involved in Foreign Affairs The development of a National Bank helped to divide the parties of Hamilton and Jefferson

Election of 1796 11 Source: http: //www. senate. gov/artandhistory/art/resources/graphic/xlarge/31_00005. jpg Political Parties Develop Source: Election of 1796 11 Source: http: //www. senate. gov/artandhistory/art/resources/graphic/xlarge/31_00005. jpg Political Parties Develop Source: http: //www. nps. gov/focl/jefferson. jpg XYZ Affair and Political Parties Source: http: //www. etsu. edu/cas/history/resources/Private/Faculty/Fac_To 1877 Chapter. Doc. Files/Chapter. Images/Chapter 8 Congress. JPG John Adams was elected 2 nd President in 1796 Hamilton’s Party becomes known as the Federalists Jefferson’s followers become the Democratic. Republicans James Madison and Jefferson introduce the idea of nullification over the Alien and Sedition Acts Federalist and Anti. Federalists come to blows over debate in Congress The Election of 1796 saw the nation being divided between Federalists in the North and Democrats in the South

Louisiana Purchase 12 Source: http: //www. pbs. org/teachersource/mathline/concepts/president/act 1 a. jpg Lewis and Clark Louisiana Purchase 12 Source: http: //www. pbs. org/teachersource/mathline/concepts/president/act 1 a. jpg Lewis and Clark Source: http: //www. lcrep. org/images/photos/lewis-and-clark-painting. jpg Marbury v. Madison Source: http: //www. common-place. org/vol-02/no-01/cheyfitz/images/marshall. jpg Thomas Jefferson was elected our 3 rd President in 1800 War Hawks such as Henry Clay want war with Britain over American rights. John Marshall helped to increase the power of the Supreme Court Jefferson had a belief in a laissez-faire gov’t with limited powers Meriwether Lewis (above) and William Clark explored the West William Henry Harrison wins a major battle with Indians at Tippecanoe Jefferson organized the purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France Indian interpreter Sacajawea helped Lewis and Clark through the West

War of 1812 13 Source: http: //teachpol. tcnj. edu/amer_pol_hist/fi/00000072. jpg Compromise of 1820 Source: War of 1812 13 Source: http: //teachpol. tcnj. edu/amer_pol_hist/fi/00000072. jpg Compromise of 1820 Source: http: //www. utep. edu/kc 3312/clymer/images/map 28. jpg Monroe Doctrine Source: http: //www. sar. org/vassar/james_monroe. jpg War erupted with Britain in 1812 Andrew Jackson wins a major battle in 1814 at New Orleans James Madison-4 th President – leader during War of 1812 Missouri Compromise 1820 divides the nation into free and slave areas Court Case of Mc. Culloch v. Maryland establishes implied powers of gov’t Impressment of American sailors raises tensions with Britain James Monroe-5 th President – Issued Monroe Doctrine Chief Justice John Marshall further increases Federal powers

Cotton is King 14 Source: http: //www. gliah. uh. edu/ahd/016 b_sm. jpg American System Cotton is King 14 Source: http: //www. gliah. uh. edu/ahd/016 b_sm. jpg American System Source: http: //64. 127. 142. 2/bartlett/68. jpg Factories Emerge Source: http: //www. clements. umich. edu/dup/images/dc 650 a. jpg Cotton Gin invented by Eli Whitney increases importance of cotton production Factories begin to develop in the North Cotton becomes the “King” of the southern economy. John C. Calhoun (SC) and Henry Clay (Kent. ) promoted the American System to improve the Nation’s infrastructure. Conestoga Wagons traveled the Nation’s few roads The Erie Canal helped increase trade and travel to the interior Opinions over Slavery begin to sectionalize the nation.

Common Man’s President 15 Source: http: //www. bartleby. com/124/jackson. gif Bank and Tariff Controversy Common Man’s President 15 Source: http: //www. bartleby. com/124/jackson. gif Bank and Tariff Controversy Source http: //visualhistory. freewebpages. org/1789 -Pre-Civil. War. html Trail of Tears Source: http: //www. bartleby. com/124/jackson. gif “Common Man” President Andrew Jackson disliked the idea of a National Bank system and killed the Bank’s charter Jackson’s Inaugural Party where everyone was invited John Quincy Adams was chosen by the House over Jackson in the election of 1824 John C. Calhoun led S. C. in the nullification crisis of 1828 over the tariff The Tariff Crisis with S. C. raised the idea of Nullification again. Jackson threatened military force to uphold federal laws in 1828 crisis Jackson’s Indian Policy led to the eviction of Native Americans along the Trail of Tears

Educational Reform 16 Source http: //www. scils. rutgers. edu/~kvander/images/toy 25. jpg Slave Revolts and Educational Reform 16 Source http: //www. scils. rutgers. edu/~kvander/images/toy 25. jpg Slave Revolts and Abolitionists Source: http: //www. africa. utoledo. edu/nat 4. gif Institutional Reform Source http: //visualhistory. freewebpages. org/1789 -Pre-Civil. War. html Transcendentalist author Henry David Thoreau’s book Civil Disobedience says not to obey corrupt laws by passive means. Nat Turner’s Rebellion in 1831 Virginia brings wave of fear to slave states. Conditions in Mental Hospitals and Prisons were studied by Dorothea Dix Whipping Scars Abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison publishes the “Liberator” newspaper Horace Mann advocates for a free public education system Frederick Douglas becomes famous abolitionist speaker Artists of the Hudson River School depicted the glorious landscapes of the United States in their works.

Reform Movements 17 Source: http: //boxer. senate. gov/whm/i/p_seneca. gif Agriculture and Transportation Source: http: Reform Movements 17 Source: http: //boxer. senate. gov/whm/i/p_seneca. gif Agriculture and Transportation Source: http: //www. vaes. vt. edu/steeles/mccormick/images/harbinder 1. gif Changing Workplace Women such as Sarah Grimke, Lucretia Mott, and Elizabeth Cady Stanton advocated for issues like abolition and women’s suffrage. Catherine Beecher wanted to see women get a quality education too. The Seneca Falls Convention was one example of the growing movement for Temperance and the abuse of alcohol became a major reform issue. This picture shows the progress of an alcoholic from casual drinker to suicide.