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Want to be a Doctor? Are you SURE ? ? ? Win Madigan - Want to be a Doctor? Are you SURE ? ? ? Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

IF YOU ARE SURE THEN … OK No Problem… No Worries IF you ACCEPT IF YOU ARE SURE THEN … OK No Problem… No Worries IF you ACCEPT and UNDERSTAND the CHALLENGES and SACRIFICES you must face. Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

For example: If you have missed some schooling are you happy to study for For example: If you have missed some schooling are you happy to study for up to 25 years to become HELP!!! a doctor? I need a DOCTOR!! The Tertiary Entrance Score for University to be a DOCTOR is 98 or 99%. This is VERY difficult. AND 25 years is TOO long to try for it!!!!! 2007, 2008, 2009, 2020, 2010, 2021, 2011, 2022, 2012, 2023, 2013, 2024, 2014, 2025, 2015, 2026, 20 2027, 2028, 16, 2017, 20 1 2029, 2030, 8, 2019, 2031, 2032… ……. . Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

If you are new to the country and your English is not good can If you are new to the country and your English is not good can you understand learn all the language you need to become a For Example doctor? ? • • acid: This is anything that gives off H+ ions in water. Acids have a p. H less than 7 and are good at dissolving metals. They turn litmus paper red and phenolphthalein colorless. acid anhydride: This is an oxide that forms an acid when you stick it in water. An example is SO 3 - when you add water it turns into sulfuric acid, H 2 SO 4. acid dissociation constant (Ka): This is equal to the ratio of the concentrations of an acid's conjugate base and the acid present when a weak acid dissociates in water. That is, if you have a solution of Acid X where the concentration of the conjugate base is 0. 5 M and the concentration of the acid is 10 M, the acid dissociation constant is 0. 5/10 = 0. 05. activated complex: In a chemical reaction, the reagents have to join together into a great big blob before they can fall back apart into the products. This great big blob is called the activated complex (a. k. a. transition state) Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

and so on …. . • • • • • activation energy: The minimum and so on …. . • • • • • activation energy: The minimum amount of energy needed for a chemical reaction to take place. For some reactions this is very small (it only takes a spark to make gasoline burn). For others, it's very high (when you burn magnesium, you need to hold it over a Bunsen burner for a minute or so). activity series: This is when you arrange elements in the order of how much they tend to react with water and acids. actual yield: When you do a chemical reaction, this is the amount of chemical that you actually make (i. e. The amount of stuff you can weigh). addition reaction: A reaction where atoms add to a carbon-carbon multiple bond. adsorption: When one substance collects of the surface of another one. alcohol: An organic molecule containing an -OH group aldehyde: An organic molecule containing a -COH group alkali metals: Group I in the periodic table. alkaline earth metals: Group II in the periodic table. alkane: An organic molecule which contains only single carbon-carbon bonds. alkene: An organic molecule containing at least one C=C bond alkyne: An organic molecule containing at least one C-C triple bond. allotropes: When you have different forms of an element in the same state. The relationship that white phosphorus and red phosphorus have to each other is that they're allotropes. alloy: A mixture of two metals. Usually, you add very small amounts of a different element to make the metal stronger and harder. alpha particle: A radioactive particle equivalent to a helium nucleus (2 protons, 2 neutrons) amine: An organic molecule which consists of an ammonia molecule where one or more of the hydrogen atoms has been replaced by organic groups. amino acid: The basic building blocks of proteins. They're called "amino acids" because they're both amines (they contain nitrogen) and acids (carboxylic acids, to be precise) Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

An on …. • • • • • alpha particle: A radioactive particle equivalent An on …. • • • • • alpha particle: A radioactive particle equivalent to a helium nucleus (2 protons, 2 neutrons) molecule has some charge separation (usually because the molecule is polar), it's said to have a dipole moment. dipole-dipole force: When the positive end of a polar molecule becomes attracted to the negative end of another polar molecule. dissociation: When water dissolves a compound. distillation: This is when you separate a mixture of liquids by heating it up. The one with the lowest boiling point evaporates first, followed by the one with the next lowest boiling point, etc. double-displacement reaction (a. k. a. double replacement reaction): When the cations of two ionic compounds switch places. effusion: When a gas moves through an opening into a chamber that contains no pressure. Effusion is much faster than diffusion because there are no other gas molecules to get in the way. electrolysis: When electricity is used to break apart a chemical compound. electrolyte: An ionic compound that dissolves in water to conduct electricity. Strong electrolytes break apart completely in water; weak electrolytes only fall apart a little bit. (Actually, this isn't entirely true, as Raji Heyovska informs me. Apparently strong electrolytes also dissociate partially in water, though much more so than weak ones. For more info, check out his paper at http: //www. jhinst. cas. cz/~rheyrovs. However, it is also true that the usual definition of a strong electrolyte is one that dissociates completely in water, which is why I include that definition above. ) electron affinity: The energy change that accompanies the addition of an electron to an atom in the gas phase. electronegativity: A measurement of how much an atom tends to steal electrons from atoms that it's bonded to. Elements at the top right of the periodic table (excluding the noble gases) are very electronegative while atoms in the bottom left are not very electronegative (a. k. a. "electropositive") electropositive: When something is not at all electronegative. In fact, it tends to lose electrons rather than to gain them. Elements that are electropositive are generally to the left and bottom of the periodic table. empirical formula: A reduced molecular formula. If you have a molecular formula and you can reduce all of the subscripts by some constant number, the result is the empirical formula. emulsion: When very small drops of a liquid are suspended in another. An example of an emulsion is salad dressing after you've shaken it up. enantiomers: molecules that are nonsuperimposable mirror images of each other. endothermic: When a process absorbs energy (gets cold). Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

THINK ABOUT THIS • Most students who have grown up in Australia CANNOT be THINK ABOUT THIS • Most students who have grown up in Australia CANNOT be doctors. BUT T. E. R of 98 or 99%? ? • There are MANY other GOOD JOBS in the MEDICAL and HEALTH area that you CAN study for. What Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007 OTHER things can I study?

Why do people want to be doctors? Usually, because they want to HELP people. Why do people want to be doctors? Usually, because they want to HELP people. But MANY other jobs in the HEALTH area HELP people too! Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

Let’s Look at Some of These Other Jobs Win Madigan - Western English Language Let’s Look at Some of These Other Jobs Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

Ambulance Driver Preparing meals in a hospital Aged Care Worker Hospital Receptionist Hospital Orderly Ambulance Driver Preparing meals in a hospital Aged Care Worker Hospital Receptionist Hospital Orderly Nurse Childcare worker Massage Therapist Laboratory Assistant Social Worker Helping with sport Hospital Security Pharmacy Assistant injuries Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007 Making Hospital Equipment Volunteer Worker

If a job in HEALTH is what you want, there are ways to get If a job in HEALTH is what you want, there are ways to get it. Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

For example • Ambulance Driver Ambulance Crew Member Certificate 4 in Basic Emergency Care For example • Ambulance Driver Ambulance Crew Member Certificate 4 in Basic Emergency Care Certificate 3 in Non-Emergency Patient Transport and 12 months full time work experience; Complete Certificate 4 (or similar) in English at TAFE Study English Language at Language School, AMES, Secondary School or TAFE START HERE Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

 • Preparing meals in a hospital Qualified Kitchenhand Certificate 2 in Health Support • Preparing meals in a hospital Qualified Kitchenhand Certificate 2 in Health Support Services - Food Support Services Complete Certificate 4 (or similar) in English at TAFE Study English Language at Language School, AMES, Secondary School or TAFE START HERE Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

OR • Working with food in a hospital Dietary Aide / Nutritionist Certificate 3 OR • Working with food in a hospital Dietary Aide / Nutritionist Certificate 3 in Health Service Assistance - Nutrition and Dietetic Support Complete Certificate 4 (or similar) in English at TAFE Study English Language at Language School, AMES, Secondary School or TAFE START HERE Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

 • Working with sporting injuries Sport Coach Certificate 3 in Sport - Athlete • Working with sporting injuries Sport Coach Certificate 3 in Sport - Athlete Support Services Certificate 4 (or similar) in English at TAFE Study English Language at Language School, AMES, Secondary School or TAFE START HERE Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

 • Social / Welfare Worker Certificate 4 in Community Services Work Certificate 4 • Social / Welfare Worker Certificate 4 in Community Services Work Certificate 4 (or similar) in English at TAFE Study English Language at Language School, AMES, Secondary School or TAFE START HERE Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

 • Hospital Receptionist Certificate 2 in Business - Medical Office Certificate 4 (or • Hospital Receptionist Certificate 2 in Business - Medical Office Certificate 4 (or similar) in English at TAFE Study English Language at Language School, AMES, Secondary School or TAFE START HERE Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

 • Childcare Worker Trained Childcare Assistant Certificate 3 in Children’s Services Certificate 4 • Childcare Worker Trained Childcare Assistant Certificate 3 in Children’s Services Certificate 4 (or similar) in English at TAFE Study English Language at Language School, AMES, Secondary School or TAFE START HERE Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

 • Hospital Security Certificate 3 in Security Operations Certificate 2 in Security Operations • Hospital Security Certificate 3 in Security Operations Certificate 2 in Security Operations Certificate 4 (or similar) in English at TAFE Study English Language at Language School, AMES, Secondary School or TAFE START HERE Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

 • Aged Care Worker Certificate 4 in Aged Care Certificate 3 in Aged • Aged Care Worker Certificate 4 in Aged Care Certificate 3 in Aged Care Certificate 4 (or similar) in English at TAFE Study English Language at Language School, AMES, Secondary School or TAFE START HERE Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

 • Volunteer Worker Certificate 2 in Active Volunteering Certificate I in Active Volunteering • Volunteer Worker Certificate 2 in Active Volunteering Certificate I in Active Volunteering Certificate 4 (or similar) in English at TAFE Study English Language at Language School, AMES, Win Madigan - Western English Secondary School or TAFE Language School - 2007

Maybe You Don’t Want to Work in Health and Medicine. Maybe LAW Interests You. Maybe You Don’t Want to Work in Health and Medicine. Maybe LAW Interests You. Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

Want to be a Lawyer? Are you sure? ? ? Win Madigan - Western Want to be a Lawyer? Are you sure? ? ? Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

IF YOU ARE SURE THEN … That’s O. K. BUT You need to understand IF YOU ARE SURE THEN … That’s O. K. BUT You need to understand that it will be VERY difficult. Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

If you have interrupted schooling or very little English are you ready to study If you have interrupted schooling or very little English are you ready to study for up to 20 years to become a lawyer? The Enter Score for University to be a LAWYER is 99%. This is VERY difficult. AND 20 years or more is TOO long!!!!! Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007 HELP!!! I need a DOCTOR!!!

Stop worrying How can I right help you now. I can help you. There Stop worrying How can I right help you now. I can help you. There today? are MANY courses you can do if you like LAW. Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007 I’m tired doctor. REALLY! 20 years or more is TOO THANK YOU long to study to DOCTOR!!! be a lawyer. What can I do?

Think about this: Why do people become LAWYERS? ? ? Usually because • They Think about this: Why do people become LAWYERS? ? ? Usually because • They are interested in LAW • They believe that following the LAW is important and • They like to HELP people. Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

And think about this too • Most students who have grown up in Australia And think about this too • Most students who have grown up in Australia CANNOT be Lawyers either. The score of 99% to get into University is too difficult for most students. Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

So let’s think again about OTHER good jobs in the area of LAW Win So let’s think again about OTHER good jobs in the area of LAW Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

Here are some interesting jobs in the area of LAW Win Madigan - Western Here are some interesting jobs in the area of LAW Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

1. Administrative Assistant Good morning! How can I help you? I want to talk 1. Administrative Assistant Good morning! How can I help you? I want to talk to a LAWYER!!! Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

2. Probation Officer – Works with people who have been in trouble with the 2. Probation Officer – Works with people who have been in trouble with the police. Great!! I haven’t been in trouble OK! with the police at all. That’s great!! So how are things going See you right for again next week. now? Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

3. Customs Officer o ther e t o ys m co from lwa nto 3. Customs Officer o ther e t o ys m co from lwa nto e a pl ay n’t ng i his. o pe ry d do bri ith t y e y n an ev The ca lp w M lia. y a es the n he r st tri at ca Au oun wh. I c ow lia a kn str Au Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007 WOOF Me too!!

4. Law Clerk (Helps the Lawyer) Yes they are. I finished them yesterday. I 4. Law Clerk (Helps the Lawyer) Yes they are. I finished them yesterday. I need those papers you were working on for me. Are they ready yet? Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

5. Joining the Army, Air force or Navy ARMY AIRFORCE NAVY IF YOU ARE 5. Joining the Army, Air force or Navy ARMY AIRFORCE NAVY IF YOU ARE INTERESTED IN THE LAWS OF AUSTRALIA, YOU MAY ALSO BE INTERESTED IN AUSTRALIA’S DEFENCE FORCES. Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

6. Legal Secretary A legal secretary works very closely with the lawyer. Win Madigan 6. Legal Secretary A legal secretary works very closely with the lawyer. Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

7. Australian or Victorian Public Servant If you study hard and your English is 7. Australian or Victorian Public Servant If you study hard and your English is good, you can work for the government, especially in MULTICULTURAL AFFAIRS. Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

8. Keyboard Operator/word processor for Law Companies Take the time to learn to TYPE. 8. Keyboard Operator/word processor for Law Companies Take the time to learn to TYPE. This skill can get you many good jobs. Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

9. Police Officer Victoria Police needs people from Asia and Africa. Win Madigan - 9. Police Officer Victoria Police needs people from Asia and Africa. Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

10. Accounts Clerk I like working with numbers and helping the Lawyer with his 10. Accounts Clerk I like working with numbers and helping the Lawyer with his Accounts. SOMETIMES! Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

11. Welfare/Community Worker The people in your community need a lot of help to 11. Welfare/Community Worker The people in your community need a lot of help to understand Australia’s laws. You can get a job that will help them. Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

12. Security Officer There are many types of security officer. This one works at 12. Security Officer There are many types of security officer. This one works at the airport. Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

These are just SOME of the jobs you can think about if you are These are just SOME of the jobs you can think about if you are interested in LAW. There are many, many others that are also very good and very interesting. Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

And the way to study for them (the pathway) is similar to the pathways And the way to study for them (the pathway) is similar to the pathways you have just seen for some of the jobs in Health and Medicine. HOWEVER ALL courses need you to be able to do 2 very important things. Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

1. Be able to express yourself fluently both in SPEAKING and IN WRITING in 1. Be able to express yourself fluently both in SPEAKING and IN WRITING in English. 2. Be able to READ and UNDERSTAND all the work you are required to do in the course. Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

SO You must remember this when you are thinking about your future. BE REALISTIC SO You must remember this when you are thinking about your future. BE REALISTIC AND SENSIBLE For example: Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

FIRSTLY, YOU ARE NEARLY 18. MANY HIGH SCHOOLS SAY N 0 TO STUDENTS WHO FIRSTLY, YOU ARE NEARLY 18. MANY HIGH SCHOOLS SAY N 0 TO STUDENTS WHO ARE 18. YOU SHOULD GO TO TAFE. THERE ARE SO SECONDLY YOU HAVE MISSED A LOT OF MANY GOOD THINGS SCHOOL. HIGH SCHOOL WILL BE TOO YOU FOR YOU. DIFFICULT CAN STUDY THERE. YOU CAN SUCCEED IF THIRDLY, YOUR ENGLISH IS NOT YET GOOD ENOUGH TO DO YEARS 11 AND 12. YOU GO TO TAFE. WHY SHOULDN’T I GOI TO WHAT CAN I DO IF DON’TSCHOOL? ? ? HIGH GO TO HIGH SCHOOL. Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

That’s easy. Let’s have a look at how you can do it on the That’s easy. Let’s have a look at how you can do it on the INTERNET How can I find a good course to study at TAFE Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

First, let’s imagine you want to work with FOOD in a Hospital. Look in First, let’s imagine you want to work with FOOD in a Hospital. Look in the TAFE Courses Directory on the Internet Here is how you do it: Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

Go to: www. education. vic. gov. au/tafecourses/ or Use GOOGLE and type in: TAFE Go to: www. education. vic. gov. au/tafecourses/ or Use GOOGLE and type in: TAFE Courses Directory Double Click on TAFE Courses Directory. Department of Education and Early Childhood Development Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

On the left hand side you will see something that looks like this: Tafe On the left hand side you will see something that looks like this: Tafe Courses Directory Course Search Advanced Search TAFE Courses Directory Find a Course Match Your Career to a Course Double Click here Finding a Training Provider Study Areas at TAFE Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

Now you will see: TAFE Courses Directory Course Search Advanced Search TAFE Courses Directory Now you will see: TAFE Courses Directory Course Search Advanced Search TAFE Courses Directory Find a Course Match Your Career to a Course Browse Listings Search Listings Double Click here Finding a Training Provider Study Areas at TAFE Then you will see: Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

Way to go TAFE Job outcomes Search for a job outcome Search Job Outcomes Way to go TAFE Job outcomes Search for a job outcome Search Job Outcomes Type in the name of the job you want to know about here. For example: Food Double Click here Search Job Outcomes Now Win Madigan - Western English you will see: Language School - 2007

Way to go TAFE Job outcomes Food Search Job Outcome Search Results 1. Food Way to go TAFE Job outcomes Food Search Job Outcome Search Results 1. Food Technologist 2. Food Processing Technician 3. Food Process Worker Double Click here on the job you like OR 4. Seafood Processor Look at them ALL one by one Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

Now you will see: Way to go TAFE Job Outcomes Food Processing Technician Double Now you will see: Way to go TAFE Job Outcomes Food Processing Technician Double click on any of these Certificate Courses to learn more about them. Courses Related to the Job Outcome Certificate IV in Food Processing Certificate IV in Meat Processing - Leadership Implement the Food Safety Program and Procedures (FDF Unit) Information about the courses will then come on the screen. For example: WHERE the course is: HOW LONG the course is: HOW MUCH the course is: and WHAT JOB you can do at Win Madigan - Western English the end. Language School - 2007

Does all this seem very difficult? ? !! If so • Start by asking Does all this seem very difficult? ? !! If so • Start by asking your teachers to help you look at the TAFE Courses Directory. • People at your local LIBRARY will also be happy to help you. Around here you have libraries in St Albans, Watergardens (Sydenham), Sunshine, Deer Park, Footscray, Maribyrnong, Hoppers Crossing and Werribee. The people working at the Library will give you a lot of help. • Visit or call The Centre for Commencing Studies at Victoria University: Address: Ballarat Road, Footscray Park, Level 3, Bulding C, Room 302: Telephone Number: 9919 4110 OR Look at their website on the INTERNET on www. vu. edu. au • And don’t forget family and friends. They can be very helpful too. Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007

Give it a go! • It’s not as difficult as you think. • You’ll Give it a go! • It’s not as difficult as you think. • You’ll probably enjoy it. • You’re sure to find a good course. • And later you could find a good job. GOOD LUCK!!!! Win Madigan - Western English Language School - 2007