UTILITY AND PRICES Victoria Gershova Sveta Belyakova PI

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UTILITY AND PRICES Victoria Gershova Sveta Belyakova PI 1 -1, 2012 UTILITY AND PRICES Victoria Gershova Sveta Belyakova PI 1 -1,

C ontent  • Utility and usefulness • The utility is related • Low of DiminishingC ontent • Utility and usefulness • The utility is related • Low of Diminishing Marginal Utility • Shortage. Surplus • Equilibrium price

Utility Commodities of different kinds satisfy our wants in different ways This characteristic of satisfying aUtility Commodities of different kinds satisfy our wants in different ways This characteristic of satisfying a want is known in economics as “utility”

Utility and usefulness Utility should not be confused with usefulness Utility determines “the relationship between aUtility and usefulness Utility should not be confused with usefulness Utility determines “the relationship between a consumer and a commodity”

Different people and nations Time Quantity, which is available to the consumer In wartime. The utilityDifferent people and nations Time Quantity, which is available to the consumer In wartime. The utility is related:

Low of Diminishing Marginal Utility The consumer's desire for a commodity tends to diminish as heLow of Diminishing Marginal Utility The consumer’s desire for a commodity tends to diminish as he buys more units for it

Shortage.  Surplus High price Low price Shortage will develop Surplus will develop Shortage. Surplus High price Low price Shortage will develop Surplus will develop

Equilibrium price Low prices !High prices! Equilib rium price N ADAS Equilibrium price Low prices !High prices! Equilib rium price N ADAS

Thank you for your attention! Thank you for your attention!