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Urban Development in India Initiatives and Opportunities 30 th March 2016
Presentation Outline • Urbanization Scenario • Urban Infrastructure -Investment Needs • New initiatives and Investment opportunities ü ü Smart Cities Swachh Bharat Mission AMRUT Metro Rail Projects 2
India: Urban Scenario 3
Urbanization Scenario in India 290 million in 2001 377 million in 2011 31. 75% of the country’s population Urban population is increasing at a rapid rate leading to gap between demand supply of urban services
Urbanization Scenario in India Approximately 60% of GDP of the country is derived from the Indian urban economy Larger cities are enhancing their participation in the global economy Smaller cities are absorbing most of the rural-urban migration and strengthening linkages to the rural Urbanization has thus emerged as a key policy and governance challenge in India in recent years
Urban Centers Growth 2011 Census 2001 Census 7, 935 5, 161 2, 774 (a) Statutory Towns 4, 041 3, 811 242 (b) Census Towns 3, 894 1, 350 2, 532 2. Urban Agglomerations 475 384 91 3. Out Growths (OGs) 981 962 19 Type of Urban Units 1. Towns Addition in 2001 -11 6
Infrastructure Investments 7
Infrastructure Investment The High Powered Expert Committee (HPEC) Investment Projections for 20 years Upto 2030 (Not Including Housing) at 2009 -10 prices March, 2011 Investment Requirements: US$ 650 Billion Operating & Maint. Cost : US $ 330 Billion Mckinsey Global Institute Study Investment Projections for 20 years Upto 2030 (Including Housing) April, 2010 Ministry of Urban Development, Go. I Investment requirements : US$ 1200 Billion Operation & Maint. Cost : US$ 1000 Billion 8
India: Factsheet Land of more than A Billion people with 100 spoken languages World’s Largest Democracy - Multi-Party Political System Youngest Nation in the world with the lowest median age of 29 by 2020. 800, 000 Engineers, 30, 000 Doctors and 10, 000 Chartered Accountants are added annually to the Indian Talent Pool Consumption expenditure of USD 3. 6 trillion by 2020 A USD 2 Trillion Dollar Economy Urban population has increased from 26% in 1991 to 31% in 2010 and expected to be 40% by 2030 and 52% by 2050 42 cities currently have a population in excess of 1 million rising to 68 by 2030
Cities in India : Responsibilities & Revenues Responsibilities l l l Water Sewerage Primary education Health care Environment Protection Urban Planning Slum Upgradation Shops & Commercial Establishments City Roads /Public transport Solid waste management Street lights Public parks and playgrounds Sources of Finance a) Internal ü ü Property tax Profession tax Entertainment tax Advertisement tax Octroi and entry taxes b) External ü Market Borrowings Federal and State Grants External assistance ü ü ü c) Innovative ü Land Monitizing ü Transfarable Dev. Rights 10
New Initiatives Of Government ü Smart Cities ü Swachh Bharat Mission ü AMRUT ü HRIDAY ü Metro Rails 11
Smart Cities Mission of India: Smart Cities and Urban Solutions
What is a Smart City? Smart City has – ü Basic Infrastructure, ü Uses ‘Smart’ solutions ü Relies on Area Based Development. Objectives: • Provide basic infrastructure. • Quality of life. • Clean and sustainable environment. • Apply Smart Solutions. • Set examples • Catalyze the creation of other Smart Cities.
Smart Cities Mission of India SALIENT FEATURES • Self assessment and city visioning exercise • Area based development with essential features to create replicable smart areas • Pan city proposals with use of ICT to positively influence maximum no. of people. GAME CHANGERS • Special Purpose Vehicle • Convergence • Integrated Planning • Demand Driven • Competitive • Replicability FINANCIAL OUTLAY Central and State Government ₹ 100, 000 Cr = USD 14 Billion To drive economic growth and improve the quality of life of people by enabling local development and harnessing technology as a means to create smart outcomes for citizens
Smart Cities Mission Strategy ü Develop Areas step-by-step (area-based developments ) • Retrofitting, • Redevelopment, • Greenfield ü Pan-city initiative At least one Smart Solution is applied city-wide.
Area Based Development Models Retrofitting: Development of an existing built area greater than 200 Ha so as to achieve the objective of smart cities mission to make it more efficient and livable e. g. Local Area Development (Ahmedabad) Redevelopment: Replace existing built environment in an area of more than 20 Ha and enable co-creation of a new layout, especially enhanced infrastructure, mixed land use and increased density e. g. Bhendi Bazar, Mumbai Greenfield: Develop a previously vacant area of more than 100 Ha using innovative planning, plan financing and plan implementation tools with provision for affordable housing, especially for the poor e. g. New Town, Kolkotta, Naya Raipur, GIFT City.
City wide Smart Solutions Cities may add any number of smart solutions to the area based developments to make government funds cost effective.
Lighthouse and Fast Track Cities Dharmasala Chandigarh Dehradun Faridabad Pasi Ghat Namchi Lucknow Kota Kohima Shillong Bagalpur Agartala Imphal Aizwal Ranchi New Town Kolkata FEATURES • 100 smart cities • 20 lighthouse cities • 23 cities in fast track competition Raipur Diu Silvassa Warangal Panaji Oulgaret Kavaratti Port Blair
Partnership opportunity in Smart City Program Under the Smart City guidelines two types of international support have been envisaged. A. Technical assistance for preparation of Smart City Proposal (SCP) by identifying partner city. B. Infusion of funds in the SPV of a Smart City for implementation of projects. • Balance funds are expected to be mobilized from various sources including leverage borrowings from financial institutions, including bilateral and multilateral institutions both domestic and external sources. • SPV created for the purpose will be responsible for arranging such resources. 19
Opportunities in Smart Cities ØACCESS TO INDIAN MARKETS AND INDIAN LABOUR POOL ØNETWORKING WITH OTHER SCHEMES THROUGH CONVERGENCE ØPPP PROJECTS ˗Smart infrastructure components ˗ Smart technology ˗ Real estate and land development ˗ Sustainable practices ˗ IT/ ICT services ØCAPACITY BUILDING ˗ Human resource ˗ Citizen awareness and responsibility ˗ Technical Assistance ØFINANCIAL PLAN ˗ Purchase of bonds ˗ Issue of loans
Swachh Bharat Mission 21
Components of Swachh Bharat Mission (10 Million house holds) • Centre Contribution – INR 4, 000/ - per Toilet (assumption Rs. 18, 000 / toilet) • State Contribution – at least INR 1, 333/- per Toilet Solid Management Waste • 20% VGF/Grant by Go. I to each project • High Focus on Decentralized SWM Community Toilets • 40% VGF/ Grant by Government of India • Funding permitted for retrofitting non-operational toilets Public Toilets • No Go. I funding • May combine some Public Toilets with Community Toilets 5. 08 lakh Community and Public Toilet units Household Toilets
Partnership Opportunities • . Finance Construction Capacity Building Technology • Public Private Partnerships • Special Purpose Vehicles • Waste to Energy Plants • Public/ Community Toilets • Transaction Advisory • Handholding Cities/ Training • Sanitation and Waste Management Solutions • ICT Solutions
Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation “AMRUT” A 15 Billion USD Basic Urban Infrastructure Initiative for 5 years Ministry of Urban Development
Service Level Gaps National Benchmark India Status 135 lpcd 69 lpcd 100% 13% 20% 32% 100% 39% Coverage of toilets 100% 70% Collection efficiency of the sewage network SWM 100% 10% Household level coverage Extent of scientific disposal of municipal solid waste Storm Water Drainage 100% 35% 100% 10% Coverage of storm water drainage network 100% 46% Service Indicators Water Supply Per Capita supply of water Extent of metering of water connections Extent of non revenue water (NRW) Cost recovery in water supply services Sewerage Source: Service Levels in Urban Water and Sanitation Sector-Status Report(2010 -2011) Ministry of Urban Development 25
Objectives • Universal coverage of basic services: Drinking Water, Sanitation & Sewerage • Urban transport with focus on NMT • Storm Water Drainage • Environmental Protection & Climate Change Mitigation • Urban (Governance) Reforms • Capacity Building
Role of Federal Government • Handholding the States and Cities in making their plans • Approve the State Annual Action Plan • Provide 50% project costs to States as grants • To Facilitate and Coordinate for: üMarket Borrowings üExternal Aids üLoans from Bi-Lateral and Multi-Lateral agencies
Roles of States • • • Prepare the Plans Approve their Detailed Project Reports Assist the cities execute their projects Monitor the progress of implementation Undertake State level reforms/policy reforms • Capacity Building
Roles of Cities • Prepare their Service Level Improvement Plans • Implement the projects either through direct bidding or through Para-Statal Agencies of the State • Undertake city planning • Undertake city level reforms
BUS & BRTS URBAN MOBILITY METRO RAIL 30 30
METRO RAIL IN INDIA Under Operation 311 Kms Under Planned Construction 532 Kms 386 Kms 9 Cities 13 Cities 11 Cities
Urban Transport-Metro Rail Projects v Metro Rail supported on high demand corridors v Reforms in urban transport made conditional to sanction v. Joint ownership with state governments v. Equity Infusion v 20% Viability Gap Funding for projects on PPP v. Projects worth 15. 6 billion USD in pipeline City Kilometers Approx. Cost (US$ Million ) Delhi Mumbai Bangalore Kolkata Chennai Hyderabad Jaipur Cochin 136. 00 76. 77 42. 30 14. 67 46. 05 71. 00 29. 00 25. 30 8391 7040 2580 1037 3106 2638 1777 1111 Finding resources!- Innovative Financing Mechanisms 32
METRO RAIL PROJECTS UNDER OPERATION (311 Kms) • • Delhi & NCR (212. 23 km) Bangalore (27 km) Kolkata (27. 23 km) Chennai (10. 15 km) Jaipur (9. 0 km) Mumbai Metro Line 1 (11. 4 km) –PPP Rapid Metro Gurgaon (5. 1 km) – Private initiative Mumbai Monorail Phase-1 (9. 0 km) –
METRO RAIL PROJECTS (UNDER CONSTRUCTION (532 kms) • • • • Delhi (113 km), Bangalore (93. 9 km), Chennai (34. 89 km), Kochi (25. 6 km), Jaipur (2. 5 km), Hyderabad (71. 2 km), Mumbai Line-3 (32. 5 km), Nagpur (38. 2 km), Ahmadabad(35. 96 km), Lucknow(22. 9 km), Chennai Monorail Phase-1 (43. 48 Km), Mumbai Monorail Phase-2, (11. 2 km) Rapid Metro Gurgaon (7. 0 km),
METRO RAIL PROJECTS UNDER CONSIDERATION (386 KM) • • • Delhi & NCR (104 km), Delhi Metro Phase-IV(103. 93 km), Pune (31. 5 km), Chennai Extn. (9. 05 km) Vijayawada (26. 03 km) Vishakhapatnam (42. 4 km) Patna ( 31. 1 km) Chandigarh (37. 573 km) Delhi-Sonipat - Panipat (111 km) Delhi-Gurgaon - Alwar (180 km) Delhi-Ghaziabad-Meerut (90 km).
INITIATIVES FOR MAKE IN INDIA • Rationalisation of Standards & Specifications for civil, rolling stock, signalling, telecommunication and other systems of metro rail. • Standards & Specifications for National Common Mobility Card (NCMC) being developed. • Standards & Specifications for Automatic Fare Collection (AFC) Gates & Validators being developed.