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UNODC Regional Policies to Prevent and Combat Smuggling of Migrants in the ECOWAS Region and Mauritania EU-Africa Partnership-Senior Officials Meeting on Migration, Mobility and Employment Brussels 15 -17 September 2010 UNODC Regional Office, Dakar, Senegal.
Smuggling of Migrants § In 2006, more than 30, 000 migrants reached the Canary Islands while 6, 000 migrants are estimated to have died during the sea journey.
Priority Problems in Africa to be Addressed by UNODC Limited political will Lack of awareness Inadequate legislation Weak criminal justice response Insufficient international cooperation Weak knowledge base
Programme Overview Impact Programme Law Enforcement Capacity Building Project for West Africa in Preventing and Combating So. M West Africa (ECOWAS states + Mauritania) Legislative Development Project for West Africa in Preventing and Combating So. M Limited political will And Lack of awareness Inadequate legislation Weak criminal justice response Insufficient international cooperation Weak knowledge base
IMPACT Law Enforcement • Beneficiary countries: ECOWAS Member States + Mauritania • Partner: Europol
Overall objective • To stem illegal migration by preventing and combating smuggling of migrants from Africa to Europe in line with the UN Protocol against Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Air and Sea supplementing the Transnational Organized Crime Convention (TOC) and international human rights conventions.
Specific objective • To assist the ECOWAS countries and Mauritania in building capacities and strengthening cooperation mechanisms among law enforcement and prosecution authorities to effectively prevent, investigate and prosecute smuggling of migrants, and develop effective cooperation with third countries to that end, while protecting the rights of smuggled migrants.
Data Collection and Analysis Tangible results Field and desk research based upon standardized methodology in cooperation with regional research institutes Builds upon previous research experience, e. g. Report on Organized Crime in West Africa Envisaged objectives Situation Analysis Improved evidence-based Reports knowledge on So. M (push and pull factors to migrant smuggling, organized crime involved, its methods, and flows) Synergies with current research activities, e. g. Data for Africa Solid basis for policy development
Policy Development and Institutional Capacity Building Tangible results Assessment missions Regional and national expert workshops Policy advice and mentoring Delivery of IT equipment Envisaged objectives Country Assessment Reports on State Response Improved criminal justice response to So. M National Action Plans by establishing specialized, coherent and Specialized institutionalized law enforcement and frameworks to prosecution units coordinate and prioritize action Information sharing systems
Human Capacity Building Tangible results Envisaged objectives Expert workshops Training manuals for law enforcement, prosecution and judiciary Experienced criminal justice practitioners Training modules incorporated into training curricula Emphasis on pro-active nvestigations, information collection and analysis, and protecting the rights of migrants Trained trainers Improved skills to effectively prevent, investigate So. M, as well as prosecute, and convict perpetrators Trained law enforcement officers, prosecutors and judges
International Cooperation Tangible results UN model treaties Envisaged objectives Network of national focal points Trained law enforcement Increased bilateral and UNODC MLA Request Writer Tool officers, prosecutors and multilateral cooperation judges on MLA, and information sharing extradition between criminal justice and the use of actors from different international law countries enforcement institutions Trainings and workshops Jointed operative investigations
• Recruitment of staff and identification of national focal points in all participating States • Survey of smuggling of migrants, perpetrators and criminal groups involved. • In country assessment and selection of 5 pilot countries. (Senegal, Niger, Mali, Mauritania, Spain (report forthcoming) • Development of training materials. • Establishment of West Africa network of focal points.
• Establishment of National Working Groups on law enforcement and development of coordination mechanisms and counter-smuggling policies • Train-the-trainer courses • Establishment of counter-migrant smuggling units. • Regional workshop on international law enforcement cooperation. • Facilitation of joint operative investigation.
UNODC Regional Office for West and central Africa Tel: +221 33 849 4919 Fax: 221 822 13 86 [email protected] org