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United States of of America
Area GENERAL INFORMATIONArea : : About 10 million square kilometers Population : : 313, 545 million people (( in 201 22 )) The USconsists of 50 states and the District of. Columbia. . Thecapital of the. United States of America : : Washington, D. C(formally the. District of Columbia. Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner «(since 1931) Currency : : United States dollar The. United States : Federal constitutional republic
Geographical Position of the U SAS
States and their subdivisions The following is a table of U. S. state nicknames , including ofcially adopted nicknames and other traditonal nicknames for individual states and district of the United States. Current ofcial state nicknames are highlighted in bold. A state nickname is not to be confused with an ofcial state motto.
History of the United States • The history of the United States ascoveredinschoolsanduniversities typicallybeginswither 1492 and. Columbus, or—especiallyinrecentyears —withtheprehistoryofthe Nativepeoples. The. United. Statesbeganasanindependentnationwiththe Declarationof. Independence on. July 4, 1776. Europeancolonists reachedthe Gulf and Pacific coasts, butthelargestsettlementswerebythe English onthe Atlanticcoast , startingin 1607. Bythe 1770 s, the Thirteen. Colonies contained twoandahalfmillionpeople. Theywereprospering, andhaddevelopedtheir ownpoliticalandlegalsystems. Asaresultofthe Frenchand. Indian. Wars , Britainbegantotrytorecoupthecostsofthosewarsbyinstitutingaseriesof additionaltaxesonthe. Colonists, andhadleftpartsoftheirarmyinthecolonies tohelpprovidefortheirdefense. Theadditionaleffortsattaxation, andthe continuouspresenceof. Britishtroopsposedathreatto. American self-government. Politicalactionintheearly 1770 sculminatedinthe Boston. Tea. Party in. December 1773, andledtoall-outwarin 1775. Afterfierce debateamongthecolonies, itwasfinallyagreedtodeclaretheirindependence from. Britain, andin 1776, the. Declarationof. Independencewassigned, formally andofficiallybreakingalltieswiththeformermothercountry. Withmajormilitary andfinancialsupportfrom. France, the Patriots wonthe American. Revolutionary. War. Duringandafterthewar, the. United. Stateswere unitedunderaweakfederalgovernmentestablishedbythe Articlesof. Confederation. Whenthesebecameunworkable, anew Constitution waswrittenin 1789, anditbecamethebasisforthe United. Statesfederalgovernment , withwarhero George. Washington asthe country’sfirst president. Theyoungnationcontinuedtostrugglewiththescopeofcentralgovernment andwith. Europeaninfluence, creatingthefirst politicalpartiesinthe 1790 s , and fightingasecondwarwith. Britain in 1812.
Yellowstone National Park established by the U. S. Congress and signed into law by President Ulysses S. Grant on March 1, 1872 , is a natonal park located primarily in the U. S. state of Wyoming , although it also extends into Montana and Idaho. Yellowstone, widely held to be the first natonal park in the world,  is known for its wildlife and its many geothermal features , especially Old Faithful Geyser , one of the most popular features in the park. It has many types of ecosystems , but the subalpine forest is dominant. The Hodag is a folkloric animal of the American state of Wisconsin. Its history is focused mainly around the city of Rhinelander in northern Wisconsin, where it was said to have been discovered. The Hodag became the ofcial symbol of Rhinelander, Wisconsin , is the mascot of Rhinelander High School , and lends its name to numerous Rhinelander area businesses and organizatons. The city of Rhinelander’s web site calls Rhinelander «The Home of the Hodag. A larger-than-life fiberglass sculpture of the Hodag, created by a local artst, resides on the grounds of the Rhinelander Area Chamber of Commerce where it draws thousands of visitors each year. The Hodag also lends its name and image to the Hodag Country Festval , an annual country music festval that is one of Rhinelander’s largest community events. It attracts over 40, 000 people per year and features singers such as Neal Mc. Coy , Little Big Town , Kellie Pickler , and Reba Mc. Entre. The University of Wisconsin Men’s Ultmate team calls itself the Hodags . Disneyland Park isa themepark located in Anaheim, California , ownedand operatedbythe Walt. Disney. Parksand. Resorts division of The. Walt. Disney. Company. Known as Disneyland whenitwasdedicatedon July 17, 1955, andstillalmostuniversally referredtobythatname, itistheonly themeparktobedesignedandbuilt underthedirectsupervisionof Walt. Disney. In 1998, thethemeparkwas re-branded. Disneyland. Parktodistinguish itfromthelarger Disneyland. Resort complex. Disneyland Park Hodag
Washington, D. C. The White House is the ofcial residence and principal workplace of the President of the United States. Located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue Northwest, Washington, D. C. , the house was designed by Irish-born James Hoban ,  and built between 1792 and 1800 of white-painted Aquia sandstone in the Neoclassical style. It has been the residence of every U. S. president since John Adams. When Thomas Jefferson moved into the house in 1801, he (with architect Benjamin Henry Latrobe ) expanded the building outward, creatng two colonnades that were meant to conceal stables and storage. The Oval Office , located in the West Wing of the White House , is the ofcial ofce of the President of the United States. The room features three large south-facing windows behind the president’s desk, and a fireplace at the north end. It has four doors: the east door opens to the Rose Garden ; the west door leads to a private smaller study and dining room; the northwest door opens onto the main corridor of the West Wing; and the northeast door opens to the ofce of the president’s secretary. The Oval Office China room Red ofce
Library of Congress The Library of Congress is the research library of the United States Congress , de facto natonal library of the United States of America , and the oldest federal cultural insttuton in the United States. Located in four buildings in Washington, D. C. , as well as the Packard Campus  in Culpeper, Virginia , it is the largest library in the world by shelf space and number of books. The head of the Library is the Librarian of Congress , currently James H. Billington. The Library of Congress was insttuted for Congress in 1800, and was housed in the United States Capitol for most of the 19 th century. After much of the original collecton had been destroyed during the War of 1812 , Thomas Jefferson sold 6, 487 books, his entre personal collecton, to the library in 1815.   After a period of decline during the mid-19 th century the Library of Congress began to grow rapidly in both size and importance after the American Civil War , culminatng in the constructon of a separate library building and the transference of all copyright deposit holdings to the Library. During the rapid expansion of the 20 th century the Library of Congress assumed a preeminent public role, becoming a «library of last resort» and expanding its mission for the benefit of scholars and the American people.
Broadway (New York City) Broadway is a road in the U. S. state of New York. Perhaps best known for the porton that runs through the borough of Manhattan in New York City , it actually runs 15 mi (24 km) through Manhattan and The Bronx , exitng north from the city to run an additonal 18 mi (29 km) through the municipalites of Yonkers , Hastngs-On-Hudson , Dobbs Ferry , Irvington , Tarrytown and terminatng north of Sleepy Hollow in Westchester County.  It is the oldest north–south main thoroughfare in New York City, datng to the first New Amsterdam settlement. The name Broadway is the English literal translaton of the Dutch name, Breede weg. Broadway is known worldwide as the heart of the American theatre industry.
The Brooklyn Bridge is a bridge in New York City and is one of the oldest suspension bridges in the United States. Completed in 1883, it connects the boroughs of Manhattan and Brooklyn by spanning the East River. With a main span of 1, 595. 5 feet (486. 3 m), it was the longest suspension bridge in the world from its opening untl 1903, and the first steel-wire suspension bridge. Originally referred to as the New York and Brooklyn Bridge and as the East River Bridge , it was dubbed the Brooklyn Bridge, a name from an earlier January 25, 1867, letter to the editor of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle , and formally so named by the city government in 1915. Since its opening, it has become an icon of New York City, and was designated a Natonal Historic Landmark in 1964    and a Natonal Historic Civil Engineering Landmark in 1972. Brooklyn Bridge at night
Times Square — the busiest area of New York. Located in Manhattan, at the intersecton of Seventh Avenue and Broadway, Times Square has become a symbol of New York City and the United States. Times Square — one of the places in New York, by which he is known as «the city that never sleeps» «Crossroads of the world» — so not very modestly called Times Square. The area between 42 th and 47 th streets, in an area now called the Theatre District, fenced from the east to the west of the 6 th and 8 th Avenue, and on the south to the north of the 40 th and 53 rd street, there are many theaters, shops, cinemas, ofces and countless colorful billboards, the number of Times Square can easily compete with Las Vegas.
Empire State Building St. Patrick’s Cathedral Brooklyn Botanic Garden Old Warner Brothers Studio Hollywood Walk of Fame Willis Tower
Mickey Mouse is a funny animal cartoon character created in 1928 by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks at The Walt Disney Studio , in New York (USA). Mickey is an anthropomorphic mouse and typically wears red shorts, large yellow shoes, and white gloves. He is one of the most recognizable cartoon characters in the world and is the mascot of The Walt Disney Company , the world’s largest media conglomerate in terms of annual revenue. Mickey debuted in November 1928 in the animated cartoon Steamboat Willie after initally appearing in a test screening earlier that year. He went on to appear in over 130 films including The Band Concert (1935), Brave Little Tailor (1938), and Fantasia (1940). Mickey appeared primarily in short films , but also in a few feature-length films. Nine of Mickey’s cartoons were nominated for the Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film , one of which, Lend a Paw , won the award in 1942. In 1978, Mickey became the first cartoon character to have a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Uncle Sam (initials. U. S. )isacommon national personification ofthe American government thataccording tolegendcameintouseduringthe War of 1812 andwas supposedlynamedfor Samuel Wilson.  Thefirstuseof Uncle. Saminliteraturewasinthe 1816 allegorical book The Adventures of Uncle Sam in Search After His Lost Honor by. Frederick. Augustus. Fidfaddy, Esq. An. Uncle. Sam ismentionedasearlyas 1775, intheoriginal» Yankee Doodle «lyricsofthe. Revolutionary. War.  Itisnotclear whetherthisreferenceisto. Uncle. Samasametaphorfor the. United. States. Thelyricsasawholeclearlyderidethe militaryeffortsoftheyoungnation, besiegingthe. Britishat Boston. The 13 thstanzais: Old. Uncle. Samcometheretochange Somepancakesandsomeonions, For ’lasses cakes, tocarryhome Togivehiswifeandyoungones. Mickey Mouse Uncle Sam Marilyn Monroe (born Norma Jeane Mortenson ; June 1, 1926 – August 5, 1962) was an American actress, model, and singer , who became a major sex symbol. Marilyn Monroe