United Nations Economic and Social Council.pptx
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United Nations Economic and Social Council
The United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) (French: le Conseil économique et social des Nations unies; CÉSNU) constitutes one of the principal organs of the United Nations. It is responsible for coordinating the economic, social and related work of 14 UN specialized agencies, their functional commissions and five regional commissions. The ECOSOC has 54 members; it holds one four-week session each year in July. Since 1998, it has also held a meeting each April with finance ministers heading key committees of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The ECOSOC serves as the central forum for discussing international economic and social issues, and formulating policy recommendations addressed to member states and the United Nations system. A number of non-governmental organizations are granted consultative status to the Council in order to participate in the work of the United Nations.
Chamber design The Economic and Social Council Chamber in the United Nations Conference Building was a gift from Sweden. It was conceived by Swedish architect Sven Markelius, one of the 11 architects in the international team that designed the UN headquarters. Wood from Swedish pine trees was used in the delegates' area for the railings and doors. The pipes and ducts in the ceiling above the public gallery were deliberately left exposed; the architect believed that anything useful could be left uncovered. The "unfinished" ceiling is a symbolic reminder that the economic and social work of the United Nations is never finished; there will always be something more which can be done to improve living conditions for the world's people.
The room of the United Nations Economic and Social Council
President The current president of the ECOSOC is ambassador Martin Sajdik of the Republic of Austria. The president is elected for a one-year term and chosen from the small or mid-sized powers represented on the ECOSOC. The Council has 65 member states out of the 193 member states, which are elected by the United Nations General Assembly for overlapping three-year terms. Seats on the Council are based on geographical representation with 18 allocated to African states, 13 to Asian states, 8 to East European states, 13 to Latin American and Caribbean states and 13 to West European and other states.
Functional commissions UN Commission for Social Development UN Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR): disbanded 2006, replaced by the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC), a subsidiary organ of the General Assembly Commission on Narcotic Drugs Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Commission on Science and Technology for Development (CSTD) Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) - Disbanded 2013, replaced with High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development a joint subsidiary boy of the General Assembly and ECOSOC UN Commission on the Status of Women (UN CSW) Commission on Population and Development UN Statistical Commission United Nations Forum on Forests
Regional commissions United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA)
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