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Unit 21 The Death Penalty
Learning outcomes of the Unit 21 Ø 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Students will be able to: describe the situation concerning death penalty in the USA explain the development in the UK concerning death penalty name the main points from the speech of Lord Kennet and elaborate on them translate key expressions related to the topic name institutions and documents in Europe that support the abolition of death penalty quote the provisions of the Croatian Constitution related to capital punishment
INTRODUCTORY DISCUSSION Whose memoir is the following citation from? In his memoir, "Dreams from My Father, " _____ wrote that while the death penalty "does little to deter crime, " he supports capital punishment in cases "so heinous, so beyond the pale, that the community is justified in expressing the full measure of its outrage by meeting out the ultimate punishment. "
Asked about today's US Supreme Court ruling that sentencing someone to death for raping a child is unconstitutional, Obama said he disagreed with such a broad ban. "I have said repeatedly that I think that the death penalty should be applied in very narrow circumstances for the most egregious of crimes. I think that the rape of a small child, 6 or 8 years old, is a heinous crime, " he said, adding that if a state determines the death penalty should apply in such cases, they should be allowed to impose it.
Obama has tried to toe a nuanced line on the death penalty, saying it should only be used in extreme cases. In the Illinois legislature, he pushed reforms to the state's capital punishment system to prevent innocent people from being executed. The reforms, after a series of exonerations through DNA and other evidence, included requiring police to videotape interrogations to prevent coerced confessions. Obama also opposed a bill to make it easier to sentence murderers involved in gang activity to get the death penalty. But he supported death sentences for particularly cruel murders of elderly people.
Geographical position of Illinois within the USA
What a picture of the USA?
Pair work Discuss with your neighbour the attitudes of the American President on death penalty and /or the death penalty status in the USA in 2001 (the map) and sum up your conclusions in 3 – 5 written sentences.
Further research… use the following link: http: //uspolitics. about. com/gi/o. htm? zi=1/XJ&z. Ti=1&sdn=uspolitics&cdn=newsissues&tm=170&gps=3 30_234_788_360&f=00&su=p 284. 13. 342. ip_&tt=15&bt=1&bts=1&zu=http%3 A//www. deathpenaltyinfo. org/Co. C. pdf Ø Have a look at the information from the following document
Capital punishment in the UK Ø The death penalty remained on the statute book until 1998 Ø Capital punishment abolished for murder in 1969 in Great Britain (The Murder, Abolition of Death Penalty, Act in 1965 → d. p. suspended in England, Wales and Scotland), unitil 1973 in Northern Ireland
Situation in the UK 1969 - 1998 Ø Death penalty survived for other crimes: - Causing fire or explosion in a navel dodkyard, ship, warehouse (until 1971) Espionage (until 1981) Piracy with violence (until 1998) Treason (until 1998) Certain military ofences, e. g. mutiny (until 1998) - NO EXECUTIONS WERE CARRIED OUT IN THE UK FOR ANY OF THESE OFENNCES AFTER THE ABOLITION FOR DEATH PENALTY FOR MURDER
From a speech in the House of Lords by Lord Kennet INTRODUCTION: What ought to be done to a convicted murderer? THE MOTIVE FOR THE DISCUSSION: “We have to do something more with him than to punish him. . . ”
FIVE verbs = suggestions: Read the text, textbook, p. 97. Formulte the main idea L. Kennet presented for each of the five suggestions! 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. To prevent To reform / “rehabilitate” To research To deter To avenge
Expressions from the Unit 21 - to try / to convict a murderer to punish be punished the punishment for. . is what ought to be done to a convicted murderer. . prevent somebody from doing something the prevention of crime / terrorism somebody’s release at the end of a life sentence somebody is likely to do something the released murderer is no more likely to murder than anybody else the length of a sentence / of the service of a prisoner
Expressions – part II - to help a person with something the lack of funds to achieve more / less to inflict punishment to conduct research into (causes/motives of crime. . . ) to commit capital murder in cold blood on purpose during the prison sentence measures that would reduce the murder rate the capital penalty is not an effective deterrent. . . abolitionists of retentionist of the death penalty the state deals with / handles convicted criminals
To be reprieved pomilovati – pomilovanje to reprieve, v. /ripri: v/ A person waiting to be hanged for the murder has been reprieved. Reprieve, n. /ripri: v/ A man awaiting death by lethal injection has been saved by a last minute reprieve.
Complete the following sentences. 1. Use precautionary measures to keep something from happening means __ ______ something. 2. A sentence of imprisonment for the remaining portion of the convict’s life is ________. 3. __ _____ means to prevent from acting by fear; to discourage. 4. People who vote for the abolition of the death penalty are _______. 5. A sentence ordering a criminal to be executed is called _______.
KEY: sentences. 1. Use precautionary measures to keep something from happening means to prevent something. 2. A sentence of imprisonment for the remaining portion of the convict’s life is life sentence. 3. To deter means to prevent from acting by fear; to discourage. 4. People who vote for the abolition of the death penalty are abolitionists. 5. A sentence ordering a criminal to be executed is called death penalty.
Have a look at the additional reading in your book, p. 101 - 102 Which documents are mentioned? 2. What is the approacht to the death penalty in Europe? Explain. 3. What is the basis for Croatia’s approach to the death penalty question? 1.