- Количество слайдов: 14
UAEnic United Arab Emirates Amani Mohammed Bin Sewaif Zain Al Abdeen Baig November 2007
Agenda v What is UAEnic? v The Objectives v UAEnic Time Lines v Domain Names Statistics v Evolution of (. ae) Domain Names v UAEnic Technical Operations v Domain Name System v DNS Architecture v Arabic GCC IDN Test v Additional Services
What is UAEnic? v UAE Network Information Center (UAEnic) v The (. ae) Domain Name Registry – cc. TLD of the UAE since 1995 v Local Internet Registry (LIR) v 1. 7. 9. e 164. arpa maintainer v IDN’s Arabic Root technical implementer
Objectives v Give the UAE an extensive global presence in the cyber world. v Treat all eligible applicants equally on a first come, first served basis. v Promote the use of Internet in UAE for economical, educational and cultural development.
UAEnic Time Lines 1994 v UAE University was delegated by IANA to run (. ae) Domain Name Space. 1995 v UAEnic was re-delegated to run (. ae) Domain Name Space with mutual agreement with UAE University. v UAEnic was an authorized LIR by RIPE NCC 2001 v UAEnic was allocated IPv 6 Addresses. (first in the region). 2002 v Developed Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy 3 & 10 years registration contract v Was authorized by ITU to run ENUM (+971) Registry (among the first in the world) 2004 v Hosting of “F” Root Name Server in Dubai 2005 v Hosting of “K” Root Name Server in Abu Dhabi 50 years registration contract 2007 v Discussions with TRA about the future of. ae
Domain Statistics Breakdown of. ae Domains ae 43300 co. ae 3378 net. ae 101 org. ae 189 sch. ae 739 ac. ae 128 mil. ae 9 gov. ae 463 Total 48307
Evolution of. ae Domains
UAEnic Technical Operations v Maintain DNS services and BCPs v Maintain WHOIS services v. ae Country Code Top Level Domain (cc. TLD) for UAE v Sub. ae DNS Zones v ENUM Delegation (Trial) v Arabic Root (Trial) v Arabic DNS Delegation (Trial) v DNS IPv 6 (Trial) v Maintain the UAEnic website and parking page v 24 x 7 x 365 monitoring & support v Secure with hardening (application & OS) and firewalls
Domain Name System (DNS) v UAEnic name servers host. AE Country Code Top Level Domain (cc. TLD). v The UAEnic name server contain pointers to the authoritative name servers. v DNS servers consists servers distributed in different data centers. v External secondary DNS servers outside UAE for. AE TLD in (RIPE, APNIC and ISC). v UAEnic DNS servers are highly available based on Any Cast technology in different AS numbers.
Domain Name System Architecture v Utilizing different AS numbers for serving. ae v Using Any. CAST for high availability and redundancy v Security measures taken for protecting service (OS and application hardening, TSIG, ACL, etc) v Service provided from various data centers
Arabic IDN DNS v Test project for Arabic DNS v Maintaining Arabic test DNS servers v Testing applications functionality for Arabic domains
Arabic Flow for (ﺍﻣﺎﺭﺍﺕ Emarat) Referrals to 2 nd level DNS servers Etisalat Caching 1. ﻣﻮﻗﻊ. ﻛﻠﻴﺔ-ﺍﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ-ﻟﻠﻬﻨﺪﺳﺔ. ﺍﻣﺎﺭﺍﺕ 8 DNS SERVER 194. 170. 195. 16 4 3 NS Records o cc. TLD 5 DNS SERVER 2 194. 170. 195. 16 6 xn--mgbaam 7 a 8 h NS Records of etisalat college DNS SERVER 194. 170. 195. 16 A records of ﻣﻮﻗﻊ . ﻣﻮﻗﻊ. ﻛﻠﻴﺔ-ﺍﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ-ﻟﻠﻬﻨﺪﺳﺔ. ﺍﻣﺎﺭﺍﺕ xn--mgbaam 7 a 8 h DNS SERVER 7 Ar-root. nic. ae UAEnic college Referrals to cc. TLD servers xn--mgbaam 7 a 8 h Completed zone with addresses
Additional Services WHOIS v. ae WHOIS server based on RIPE implementation application v my. SQL based backend Parking Service v Domain parking page for non delegated domains v Utilizing Apache as web server application