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TYPE ACCEPTANCE CERTIFICATES FOR IMPORTED AIRCRAFT Cooperative Development of Operational Safety & Continuing Airworthiness COSCAP
TYPE ACCEPTANCE CERTIFICATES OBJECTIVE • This chapter provides guidance in the procedure for the issue of a Type Acceptance Certificate foreign aircraft types, using an automatic acceptance procedure.
TYPE ACCEPTANCE CERTIFICATES Type Certificate. A TC, as defined by FAR 21. 41, includes the type design, the operating limitations, the type certificate data sheet (TCDS), the applicable regulations, and any other conditions or limitations prescribed by the FAA
TYPE ACCEPTANCE CERTIFICATES • Recognised countries Recognised country for the purpose of issuing type certificates is a state (ICAO contracting or not) where the NAA has been found to have a comprehensive code of Airworthiness certification and over sight.
TYPE ACCEPTANCE CERTIFICATES Recognised countries • The foreign NAA that issued the original Type Certificate will be regarded as the nominated NAA for airworthiness control of the aircraft listed on that certificate. • Note: This automatic acceptance procedure must not be applied in situations where the NAA of a recognised country has issued a Type Acceptance Certificate or similar document on the basis that the NAA of another country has issued a Type Certificate.
TYPE ACCEPTANCE CERTIFICATES Certificate of Airworthiness Categories Type Acceptance Certificates are issued to enable Certificates of Airworthiness (Co. As) to be issued in one or more of the following categories: (a) Transport; (b) Normal; (c) Utility; (d) Acrobatic; (e) Commuter; (f) Manned free balloons; (g) Primary; (h) Restricted
TYPE ACCEPTANCE CERTIFICATES Certificate of Airworthiness Categories • Co. As should usually be issued in the same category available under the foreign Type Certificate, subject to a review by the ‘Authority’ of the foreign certification basis, including any special conditions, waivers, exemptions, equivalent safety determinations etc. made by the foreign NAA.
TYPE ACCEPTANCE CERTIFICATES Aircraft type details • The application should state exactly which models are to be included on the Type Acceptance Certificate. These models must be included on the foreign Type Certificate. Each model included on the Type Acceptance Certificate must be covered by the required data.
TYPE ACCEPTANCE CERTIFICATES Supply of data • The following data should be supplied: – A statement of the applicable design certification standards. – General interior arrangement configuration drawings – Three-view drawing exterior configuration. – Master drawing list – Master equipment list
TYPE ACCEPTANCE CERTIFICATES • Supply of data (Continued) – Aircraft Flight Manual including the Configuration Deviation List, if applicable. – Instructions for Continued Airworthiness. – Certification compliance (checklist) – Data and descriptive information needed by the Authority to approve the type certificate data sheet. – Listing of service life for critical parts subject to fatigue.
TYPE ACCEPTANCE CERTIFICATES • Supply of continuing airworthiness data Type acceptance is conditional on the continued airworthiness support of the aircraft and components in the form of service bulletins and other instructions, amendments to documents, and foreign airworthiness directives etc. The applicant must arrange for the foreign Type Certificate holder to continue to supply this data.
TYPE ACCEPTANCE CERTIFICATES • The ‘Authority’ should arrange with the nominated NAA for the supply of airworthiness directives issued by that NAA for the type of aircraft concerned.
CONDITIONS, REFUSAL, SUSPENSION OR CANCELLATION Issue of a Type Acceptance Certificate subject to conditions – The ‘Authority’ may issue a Type Acceptance Certificate (TAC) subject to conditions, provided there are reasonable grounds for believing that issuing the certificate without imposing conditions or taking other measures would constitute a significant threat to aviation safety.
TYPE ACCEPTANCE CERTIFICATES CONDITIONS, REFUSAL, SUSPENSION OR CANCELLATION Refusal to issue a Type Acceptance Certificate • Note that ‘Authority’ may, refuse to issue a Type Acceptance Certificate if there are reasonable safety grounds not to do so.
TYPE ACCEPTANCE CERTIFICATES • Suspension or cancellation of a TAC. The ‘Authority’ may suspend or cancel a TAC if it considers that it is necessary to do so in the interests of aviation safety. An inability on the part of the foreign Type Certificate holder to provide ongoing technical support for the aircraft type may constitute grounds for such suspension or cancellation.
TYPE ACCEPTANCE CERTIFICATES • Consultation • The ‘Authority’ should consult with and consider the views of, the applicant, the NAA that issued the foreign Type Certificate, and the manufacturer.
TYPE ACCEPTANCE CERTIFICATES Director should exercise powers personally Normally only the Director has the power to: – issue a Type Acceptance Certificate subject to a condition, – refuse to issue a Type Acceptance Certificate or – suspend or cancel a Type Acceptance Certificate.
AGED TRANSPORT CATEGORY AIRCRAFT • The applicant should be aware that before a standard Co. A can be issued to such an aircraft, the ‘Authority’ may require additional data related to the aircraft history, structural integrity programs, supplementary inspections etc.
TYPE ACCEPTANCE CERTIFICATES • TYPE CERTIFICATION COMPLETION CHECKLIST • Resolution of all technical issues. • A statement from the ‘Authority’ certifying compliance with the type certification basis or agreed certification criteria (including additional technical conditions). • Compliance checklist.
TYPE ACCEPTANCE CERTIFICATES CHECK LIST • Instructions for Continued Airworthiness or Airworthiness Limitations. • Draft Aircraft Flight Manual. • Draft Type Certificate Data Sheet. • Noise Evaluation Statement (not required for amended TCs). • Programme Dates established (end, TCDS follows)
TYPE DATA SHEETS • AIRCRAFT SPECIFICATION NO. A-780 Revision 12 PIPER PA-12 S August 28, 1995 • • Type Certificate Holder The New Piper Aircraft, Inc. 2926 Piper Drive. Vero Beach, Florida 32960 I - Model PA-12, 3 PCLM (Normal Category), 2 PCLM (Utility Category), Approved March 24, 1947.
TYPE DATA SHEETS – Engine Lycoming O-235 -C (See also Item 103 for optional engine) – Fuel 73 minimum octane aviation gasoline – Engine Limits - For all operations, 2600 rpm (100 hp. ) – Airspeed Limits- Maneuvering 94 mph (82 knots TIA) – Cruising 110 mph (96 knots) True Ind. – Never exceed (Normal)138 mph (120 knots) True Ind. – (Utility) 148 mph (129 knots) True Ind.
TYPE DATA SHEETS – C. G. Range (+ 9. 0) to (+ 18. 6) – Empty Weight C. G. Range(+ 9. 5) to (+ 13. 3) – When empty weight C. G. falls within this range, computation of critical fore and aft C. G. positions is unnecessary. Range is not valid for non-standard arrangements. – Maximum Weight, Normal Category: 1750 lbs. – Utility Category: 1500 lbs. – Number of Seats 3 (One at + 6 and two at + 34) – Only one person permitted in rear seat when operating in Utility Category.
TYPE DATA SHEETS – Maximum Baggage 41 lbs. (+ 56) – Fuel Capacity 38 gallons (+ 23) (one 19 gallon tank in each wing) – Oil Capacity 6 quarts (-41) – Control Surface Movements Elevator 27°Up 32°Down – Rudder, 20°Left 20° Right – Aileron 31°Up 25° Down – Stabilizer 1° 15'Up 5° 30' Down
TYPE DATA SHEETS – Serial Nos. Eligible 12 -1 and up. – Required Equipment Landplane - Items 1(a), 101, 102, 201(a), 202(a) and 401(a). – Skiplane - Items 1(a), 101, 102, 203, and 401(b).
II - Model PA-12 S, 3 PCSM (Normal Category Only). • Approved August 11, 1948. – Engine: Lycoming O-235 -C (See also Item 103 for optional engine) – Fuel 80 minimum octane aviation gasoline – Engine Limits: For all operations, 2600 rpm, 100 hp – Airspeed Limits Maneuvering 97 mph (82 kts TIA, Cruising 110 mph. (96 knots) True Ind.
TYPE DATA SHEETS – Never exceed 138 mph (120 knots) True Ind. – C. G. Range (+ 15. 2) to (+ 18. 2) at 1838 lbs. – (+ 9. 2) to (+ 18. 2) at 1405 lbs. or less, Straight line variation between points given. – Empty Weight C. G. Range: (+ 9. 5) to (+ 13. 3). – When empty weight C. G. falls within this range, computation of critical fore and aft C. G. positions is unnecessary. Range is not valid for non-standard arrangements. – Maximum Weight 1838 lbs.
TYPE DATA SHEETS – Number of Seats 3 (One at + 6 and two at + 34) – Maximum Baggage 41 lbs. (+ 56) – Fuel Capacity 38 gallons (+ 23) (One 19 gallon tank in each wing. ) – Oil Capacity 6 quarts (-41) – Serial Nos. Eligible 12 -1 and up. – Required Equipment: Items 1(a), 101, 102, 204 and 401(d).
TYPE DATA SHEETS • Specifications Pertinent to All Models – Datum: Leading edge of wing – Leveling Means: Plumb bob from machine screw at door frame channels near upper rear corner of door to hole in plate near rear seat. – Certification Basis. Type Certificate No. 780 (CAR 3) – Production Basis: Approved for manufacture of spare parts only under Production Certificate No. 206. – Export Eligibility: Deleted as of - August 28, 1995. – Equipment A plus (+) or minus (-) sign preceding the weight of an item of equipment indicates net weight change
Propellers and Propeller Accessories • Propeller - Sensenich 74 FE 44, 74 FE 54, or any other fixed pitch wood propeller which is eligible for the engine power and speed and which meets the following limits: • With O-235 -C or O-235 -C 1 engine - landplane and skiplane: • Static rpm at max. permissible throttle setting: • Not over 2300, not under 1900. • No additional tolerance permitted. • Diameter: Not over 76 inches, not under 72 inches. (More
Engine and Engine Accessories - Fuel and Oil System • 101. Carburetor air heater + 1 lbs. (-35) • 102. Carburetor air scoop • 103. Engine - Lycoming O-235 -C 1 No Weight Change • Fuel - 80 minimum octane aviation gasoline • Engine limits: Take off 2800 rpm (115 hp) • All other operations 2600 rpm (108 hp)
Landing Gear and Floats • 201. Two main wheel-brake assemblies, 8. 00 -4, Type III (a) Goodrich model 841, with 8. 00 -4, 4 -Ply rating tires and regular tubes + 31 lbs. (+ 1) Brake Assembly #D-2 -13 (modified per Piper Dwg. 31293) • 202. Tail wheel installations (a) Full swivel (Scott Aviation Model 3000 B-2) + 5 lbs. (+ 200) *(b) Steerable - full swivel (Scott Aviation Model 3 -24 B) No Weight Change (c) Steerable - Lang Model D-501+ 2 lbs. (+ 200)
Electrical Equipment • 301. Battery (12 volt) + 25 lbs. (+ 68) • 302. Positions lights+ 3 lbs. (+ 65) • *303. Landing lights in wing leading edge (Grimes D-3650) per Dwgs. Nos. 1 & 2, Mountain States+ 4 lbs. (+ 5) • 304. Landing lights in wing leading edge per Piper Dwg. 12534 + 4 lbs. (+ 5)
Interior Equipment • 401. One of the following CAA (FAA) Approved Airplane Flight Manuals revised to include any statement required under "Propellers and Propeller Accessories" and/or Item 103, if applicable. • (a) Airplane Flight Manual dated March 24, 1947, or Piper Report No. 551 dated March 24, 1947 includes Propeller Item 1 and O-235 -C engine. • (b) Piper Report No. 570 dated April 15, 1947, includes Propeller Item 3 and O-235 -C engine.
The following placards must be displayed: • (a) In front and in clear view of the pilot: • "This airplane must be operated in compliance with the CAA Approved Operating Limitations(or Airplane Flight Manual)"In front and in clear view of pilot: "Normal Category - No acrobatic maneuvers including spins approved. ” "Utility Category - No acrobatic maneuvers….
The following placards must be displayed: approved except those listed below: " • Maneuver Entry Speed • Chandelles 110 mph • Lazy Eights 110 mph • Steep Turns 90 mph (X)