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TURKISH TOURISM INVESTORS ASSOCIATION Dr. OKTAY VARLIER Chairman of the Board
Turkish Tourism Investors Association -Established in 1988 -185 members -US$ 18 billions investment portfolio
TYD Members have invested in : -Accommodation (over 200 thousand beds) -Marinas -Yachting -Tourism Oriented Land Air Transport -Tour Operating -Touristic Shopping Centers -Golf Courses -Entertainment and Recreation Facilities -Turnkey Project Design
KEY FACTS ABOUT TURKISH TOURISM • • World Tourism Organization ranks Turkey as the 8 th largest tourism revenue earner in the world, in 2004. Great geographical advantage -one quarter of the world population can be reached within 4 hours flight time Elements of success - good balance between price and quality - high performance of Turkish tour operators abroad - charter flights of Turkish air carriers - expensive euro in recent years
KEY FACTS ABOUT TURKISH TOURISM (2) • Tourism is the fastest developing sector in Turkey - annual average growth rates in the past 20 years is 10, 5 % in tourist arrivals, 11, 7 % in tourism revenues - total growth rate for 2004 and 2005 is 50 %. • Tourism is the second highest sector in attracting investment ( 2 billion US$ per year) after automotive. • In 2004, the share of tourism receipts in GNP is 4 % • 5% of the total employement in Turkey is in the tourism sector.
TOURIST ARRIVALS AND TOURISM RECEIPTS IN TURKISH TOURISM (1980 -2005)
TOURIST ARRIVALS BY MAIN COUNTRIES OF NATIONALITY (2004) Main markets (2004) -EU countries. . . . 55 % -Union of Independent States. . 16 % (Russian Federation. . . . . 9 %) -Asian countries. . . . 9 % -Israel is in the 12 th place with 1, 7 %
TOURIST ARRIVALS BY REGIONS IN THE WORLD (2004) (*) Arrivals from EU countries are included in OECD figures.
REALIZED AVERAGE ANNUAL GROWTH RATES (1994 -2004) In the past decade with regard to both tourist arrivals and tourism receipts Turkey’s growth rates are higher than the double of world average.
Tourist Arrivals by Regions(2004) Tourist Arrivals % Share Antalya 6. 050. 000 35 Aegean Coast 3. 500. 000 20 Istanbul 3. 500. 000 20 • Antalya is the most visited tourism center with 35 % market share , followed by Istanbul and Aegean Coast with 20 % each.
ACCOMMODATION CAPACITY (End of 2004) 40 % of the accommodation capacity is in Antalya. Aegean Coast has 30 % and Istanbul 13 % of the total beds.
Tourist Arrivals by Means of Transport (2004) Tourist Arrivals % Share Air 12. 576. 000 71, 8 Land 3. 717. 000 21, 2 Sea 1. 152. 000 6, 6 Train 73. 000 0, 4 In 2004, 72 % of tourists arrived by airlines, most of them carried by Turkish charter planes.
Public-Private Sector Cooperation • In Turkey , Belek Tourism Center is a perfect example of public-private sector coordination and considered as a good model of governance in tourism by international institutions. • Belek region is on the Mediterranean coast and located 30 km. to the east of Antalya city center. Belek has 80 -150 m. wide and 23 km. long sandy beach with 300 days of sunshine. • Belek was proclaimed tourism center by the Ministry of Tourism in 1984. First investors in Belek faced huge problems about infrastructure (infact no infrastructure was available when the lands were allocated to tourism investors)and decided to form a dynamic structure to overcome these problems with the cooperation of the public institutions. With this aim , Belek Tourism Investors Union (BETUYAB) was established in 1989. With the leadership and coordination of BETUYAB infrastructure investments(roads, electricity and water supply, telecomunication, waste water treatment) were completed in the 1990 s. • Total expenditures for infrastructure are estimated to be around 400 million $, shared 1/3 by tourism investors, 1/3 by the Ministry of Tourism and 1/3 by other public institutions like municipalities, Ministry of Energy, Ministry of Public Works, etc.
Public-Private Sector Cooperation (2) • Presently, there are 38 tourism facilites in Belek with 35. 000 beds. They are 5 star hotels and 1 st class holiday villages. All the facilities offer tennis courts, indoor and outdoor swimming pools, completely equipped health and fitness centers, restaurants, bars, kid clubs, play areas etc. . • The availability of large spectacular spaces suitable for golf and the temperate climate of the region create a greate potential for golf tourism. Presently there are 6 golf courses and 5 new golf courses are on construction. Belek is a candidate to be an important golf center at international standards.
2010 Targets - 32 million tourists - 27 billion $ tourism receipts - 1 million bed capacity with international standards Expected Investments Until 2010 - 480. 000 beds present capacity( int. standarts) - 100. 000 beds on construction - 300. 000 beds low quality beds to be modernized - 120. 000 beds to be built newly
REASONS TO INVEST IN TURKISH TOURISM • • Unique geographical location Large and dynamic sector with high growth potential New, modern and quality oriented tourism establishments High skilled, cost effective labour force Low construction costs Land allocation for tourism investors on 49 years lease base Well developed infrastructure in tourism destinations Highly liberalized exchange rate regime and foreign investment regulation -No pre permits foreign company establishment -No minimum capital requirement -Any form of company is acceptable -Company establishment in 2 -3 days -Foreign and domestic investors are treated equally -Free transfer of profits
GOVERNMENT INCENTIVES FOR TOURISM INVESTMENTS • Investment allowance (40 % in developed, 80 % in underdeveloped regions). • Tax exemption on imported items. • VAT exemption on local machinery and equipment. • Tax duties and charges exemption on local purchases. • Land allocation on 49 year lease base. • Electricity and water consumption at the lowest available price (during investment and operation periods)
TAXES • Corporate Tax 30% (in 2006 20%) • Value Added Tax 18% • Income Tax 20 -40%(in 2006 15 -35%)