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THERMAL INFRARED PROGRAM HELICOPTER PLATFORMS Alberta Perspective June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 THERMAL INFRARED PROGRAM HELICOPTER PLATFORMS Alberta Perspective June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 1

Outline • • • Introduction Why we use IR Statistics – 1998 - 2005 Outline • • • Introduction Why we use IR Statistics – 1998 - 2005 Present concerns effecting IR use Completed to date Future Standards June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 2

Background • 1982 with Forest Service • Over 2200 hours as an IR operator Background • 1982 with Forest Service • Over 2200 hours as an IR operator – 1982 – 1989 – Level I certification - 2005 - FLIR • Variety of helicopter platforms – B 206, B 204, B 205, B 212, H 500 • 3 main IR cameras – AGA 750, AGEMA 782, AGA 110 • Multiple Search /Rescue missions with RCMP • Team Lead – 2001 – 2004 Provincial Fire Mapping Program Coordinator – 2005 1/2 – present Provincial IR Program Coordinator June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 3

Alberta Forest Protection, a Branch of Alberta Sustainable Resource Development Responsibility……. . To protect Alberta Forest Protection, a Branch of Alberta Sustainable Resource Development Responsibility……. . To protect Alberta’s forests and forest communities by preventing and suppressing forest fires June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 4

Why Do We Use IR • ADM believes in the IR program and it’s Why Do We Use IR • ADM believes in the IR program and it’s fiscal use • Aids in Mop-up operations – Maximizes the effective and efficient use of our ground crews • Helps to determine areas of little or no fire activity – CAUTION!!!!! • Tool to determine fire status – OC, BH, UC, EX • Aids in the determination of hotspots, burning areas, and fire perimeter June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 5

Definitions Hotspot: Area of remnant heat > 300 degrees C. and 25 cm in Definitions Hotspot: Area of remnant heat > 300 degrees C. and 25 cm in size Burning Area: Extensive areas of active burning Fire Perimeter: Maximum extent of fire destroyed vegetation June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 6

EXAMPLES: Hot Spots Active Burning Area Fire Perimeter June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton EXAMPLES: Hot Spots Active Burning Area Fire Perimeter June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 7

Statistics 1998 - 2005 • 29 helicopter companies • 16 different helicopter platforms • Statistics 1998 - 2005 • 29 helicopter companies • 16 different helicopter platforms • Spent $4, 851, 149. 00 • Utilized 5583 hours helicopter time • Utilized 3892 hours of IR operator time June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 8

Helicopter Versus IR Operator Costs June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 9 Helicopter Versus IR Operator Costs June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 9

June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 10 June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 10

Present Concerns Effecting IR Use • • No justification on usage - We just Present Concerns Effecting IR Use • • No justification on usage - We just use it Misconceptions – Weather plays an important role • How long after raining do we wait before scanning? At least 2 days Drives heat down • Does rain or snow interfere with effective operations? It attenuates IR signal June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 11

Present Concerns Effecting IR Use • Misconceptions – Con’t – Time of scan is Present Concerns Effecting IR Use • Misconceptions – Con’t – Time of scan is important • When is the best time to scan? Works best during night operations or early mornings/late evenings • What effect does a sunny day have on the detection capabilities? Creates false positives • How far underground can I detect heat? 1/32 inch June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 12

Present Concerns Effecting IR Use Solar Reflectance And Water Vapour Can be your worst Present Concerns Effecting IR Use Solar Reflectance And Water Vapour Can be your worst enemies June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 13

Present Concerns Effecting IR Use • Variety of IR equipment – – Type III Present Concerns Effecting IR Use • Variety of IR equipment – – Type III gimbel mount ( > $100, 000) Handheld (<$100, 000) • Inconsistent end products – June 8/2006 Can your IR equipment give us the end products we want? Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 14

Present Concerns Effecting IR Use • Lag time of IR mission results to IC, Present Concerns Effecting IR Use • Lag time of IR mission results to IC, SITL or GIS team – No accountability to the team • Varied delivery times Right after landing Delivery times sometimes 2 hr late • Breakfast more important Never • Nothing to report June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 15

Present Concerns Effecting IR Use • Delivery formats varied – – Flagged nails Toilet Present Concerns Effecting IR Use • Delivery formats varied – – Flagged nails Toilet paper Hand drawn maps with hotspots delineated Post-it notes • Numbers transposed wrong • Lost post-it notes – Cigarette packages – GPS coordinates in different formats • DD – this what is needed • DM – helicopter operations • DMS- mapping – Thumb drives sometimes June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 16

Present Concerns Effecting IR Use • IR experience – IR operators experience varied • Present Concerns Effecting IR Use • IR experience – IR operators experience varied • None to lots – Pilot and IR operators out on their own • ICS team member not present – Misunderstanding of how operation worked • Pilot felt it was important to see hotspots also June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 17

Present Concerns Effecting IR Use • Time of hire – Expectations not conveyed • Present Concerns Effecting IR Use • Time of hire – Expectations not conveyed • Time of release – Exit evaluations not done IR providers require honest feedback on performance Upcoming companies are asking for direction June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 18

Completed to Date June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 19 Completed to Date June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 19

Completed to Date June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 20 Completed to Date June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 20

Completed to Date June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 21 Completed to Date June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 21

Future Standards Sensitivity/File Format/Accuracy • Ability to detect hotspot targets = > 25 sq Future Standards Sensitivity/File Format/Accuracy • Ability to detect hotspot targets = > 25 sq cm in size • Ability to provide digital GPS shapefiles of hotspots and flight course taken by helicopter • The coordinates of targets within a spatial accuracy of 10 meters June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 22

Future Standards Format of Delivered Data • Shapefile – Geographic(lat-long) or degree decimal degrees Future Standards Format of Delivered Data • Shapefile – Geographic(lat-long) or degree decimal degrees – NAD 83 datum – Include - *. dbf, *. shp, *. shx, *. prj files June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 23

Future Standards Format of Delivered Data-con’t • Hardcopy maps – 11 x 17 – Future Standards Format of Delivered Data-con’t • Hardcopy maps – 11 x 17 – Quicklook product of identified targets • JPEG, BMP, PDF format • Must STAND on it’s own – – – June 8/2006 Scale Title Author North arrow Date Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 24

Crumb Trail as Evidence of Assessment Coverage June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 Crumb Trail as Evidence of Assessment Coverage June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 25

DESIRED PRODUCT - Black Perimeter Trace -GPS Locations of Hotspots -Tabular and digital data DESIRED PRODUCT - Black Perimeter Trace -GPS Locations of Hotspots -Tabular and digital data June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 26

Future Standards Information Delivery • Immediate delivery of shapefile data and maps upon landing Future Standards Information Delivery • Immediate delivery of shapefile data and maps upon landing – To ground crews via drop tube or landing at camps via thumb drive • Future – Downlink capabilities of hotspots to sectors, camps, IC base – Downlink to simple printer – Real time downlink of IR images to IC base to aid planning section and IC in decision making June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 27

PDA – MOBILE MAPPING June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 28 PDA – MOBILE MAPPING June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 28

Future Standards Mission Plan • Include – – – – – June 8/2006 Where Future Standards Mission Plan • Include – – – – – June 8/2006 Where scan took place Scan objectives Average height of flight – AGL Start/stop times Type of scanner used Name of pilot and scanner operator Type and registration of helicopter Fire number / fire name Date of flight Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 29

Example of THERMAL MISSION REPORT June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 30 Example of THERMAL MISSION REPORT June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 30

Future Standards IR Standards for Providers • Standardize training/certification for IR operators – Need Future Standards IR Standards for Providers • Standardize training/certification for IR operators – Need to understand the basics of infrared – Known training companies • FLIR - nancy. [email protected] com • Snell infrared - [email protected] com • Minimum on-site training requirements • 20 hours? • Test IR companies over grid to promote consistency – Must pass to use on fires June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 31

Future Standards Performance Feedback • Expectations conveyed – At time of hire – Daily Future Standards Performance Feedback • Expectations conveyed – At time of hire – Daily • Evaluation at time of release – Evaluations by designated ICS member – PSC – SITL – IR Coordinator? June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 32

Thankyou Steve Simser, GIS/IR Specialist Wildfire Resource Information Wildfire Aviation and Geomatics Forest Protection Thankyou Steve Simser, GIS/IR Specialist Wildfire Resource Information Wildfire Aviation and Geomatics Forest Protection Branch Forestry Division 9 th Floor, 9920 – 108 St. Edmonton, Alberta T 5 K 2 M 4 1 -780 -427 -6754 work 1 -780 -819 -6754 cell steve. [email protected] gov. ab. ca June 8/2006 Detection Conference – Hinton 2006 33