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Theme 2. The evolution of approaches to the problem of cross-cultural research in the Theme 2. The evolution of approaches to the problem of cross-cultural research in the history and development of sociopsychological concepts

 • • • Objective: To introduce the basic stages of the development of • • • Objective: To introduce the basic stages of the development of cross-cultural psychology as an independent science. Keywords: geographical determinism, the psychology of people, culture and identity, and others. Main questions: Origins protonauchnyh cross-cultural ideas. V. Vundt- founder of the psychology of nations. Rol G. Lebona in the development of cross-cultural psychology. The role of R. Benedict in the development of cross-cultural research. A. Kardiner - the founder of the concept of "basic personality structure" F. Hsyu - founder of psychological anthropology. U. Rivers - founder of Cross-Cultural Psychology.

 • • • 1. Берри Дж. , Пуртинга А. Х. , Сигалл М. • • • 1. Берри Дж. , Пуртинга А. Х. , Сигалл М. Х. , Дасен П. Р. Кросскультурная психология. Исследования и применение/перевод с англ. - Харьков: Гуманитарный Центр, 2010. 2. Berry, J. W. The Directories of Cross-Cultural Psychology (1968 -1970): Building a Network. 3. Hofstede G. (1984) Culture's consequences: international differences in work-related values. - Beverly Hills. 4. Коул М. Культурно-историческая психология. - М. , 2013. 5. Лебедева Н. М. Введение в этническую и кросс-культурную психологию. - М. : Изд. Дом"Ключ", 2011. 6. Лебедева Н. М. Кросс-культурная психология: цели и методы исследований. / Этология человека и смежные дисциплины / под ред. М. Л. Бутовской. , М. , 2010. - С. 219248. 7. Мацумото Д. Психология и культура/перевод с англ. . – СПб. : Изд. дом на Неве, 2012. 8. Почебут Л. Г. Кросскультурная и этническая психология. – М. , СПБ, Воронеж: Питер, 2012. 10. Триандис Г. Культура и социальное поведение/перевод с англ. - М. : ФОРУМ, 2013. 11. Triandis H. C. Culture and social behavior. - N. Y. , 2014. Biblio g Main raphy Bib liogra phy

The origins of proto scientific crosscultural ideas • • • Hippocrates - The origins of proto scientific crosscultural ideas • • • Hippocrates - "The air, waters and places" - "forms of people and customs reflect the nature of the country. The origins of physical and mental differences of ethnic groups he had seen in the impact of the geographical location and climatic conditions. Plato and Democritus - southern and northern climate have different effects on the body and the human psyche. The second half of the XIX century - as a new turning point in the development of cross-cultural psychology: • the emergence of new developments in theory and methodology problems of national psychology. • ethnopsychological thought acquires the status of an independent scientific discipline, generates a subject of research, defines its objectives and methodology. Direct cross-cultural psychology has its roots in the writings of Wundt [W. Wundt, 1998] and French sociologists early XX century. : G. Lebon [Lebon G. , 1998], A. Fouillee [Fouillee A. , 1998], G. Tarde [Tarde, G. , 1998].

The era of great geographical discoveries from the middle of the XV century as The era of great geographical discoveries from the middle of the XV century as a turning point in the development of crosscultural psychology Montesquieu - the founder of theory of "geographic determinism". People's psychology "general spirit" of the people - this is not only a product of the climate, but also religion, laws, principles of government, customs ("The Spirit of Laws, " Montesquieu)

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