The Structure of Lexicon Tatyana A. Gunina Natalya

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The Structure of Lexicon Tatyana A. Gunina Natalya V. Khryapinskaya Irina F. Tedeyeva  The Structure of Lexicon Tatyana A. Gunina Natalya V. Khryapinskaya Irina F. Tedeyeva

Presentation outline What is a lexeme?  What is a semantic structure  ? ? Presentation outline What is a lexeme? What is a semantic structure ? ? How is lexicon structured? What is a semantic field? Neatness vs. fuzziness? Is the stylistic factor important? In vino veritas , or truth comes out from wine!

Presentation outline What is a lexeme?  What is a semantic structure  ? ? Presentation outline What is a lexeme? What is a semantic structure ? ? How is lexicon structured? What is a semantic field? Neatness vs. fuzziness? Is the stylistic factor important? In vino veritas , or truth comes out from wine!

What is a lexeme? ““ A lexeme is  a fundamental unit of the vocabulary ofWhat is a lexeme? ““ A lexeme is a fundamental unit of the vocabulary of a language ”” [[ Mid-20 th century. Coined from lexicon + -eme. ]

Different forms of a lexeme making mademaker make  Different forms of a lexeme making mademaker make

What is a semantic structure? It is a network of meaning relationships which bind lexemes togetherWhat is a semantic structure? It is a network of meaning relationships which bind lexemes together

Lexicon structure LEXEME Close Relation  in meaning Looser semantic connection Literary /Figurative /Idiosyncratic use Lexicon structure LEXEME Close Relation in meaning Looser semantic connection Literary /Figurative /Idiosyncratic use

3 types of lexemes (uncle) Aunt, cousin, nephew, niece Relatives, family,  reunion ( ( when3 types of lexemes (uncle) Aunt, cousin, nephew, niece Relatives, family, reunion ( ( when the family gathers together )) Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Uncle Sam (USA) Idiosyncratic use: my looney uncle = my crazy uncle)

Presentation outline What is a lexeme?  What is a semantic structure  ? ? Presentation outline What is a lexeme? What is a semantic structure ? ? How is lexicon structured? What is a semantic field? Neatness vs. fuzziness? Is the stylistic factor important? In vino veritas , or truth comes out from wine!

What is a semantic field? It is a named area of meaning in which lexemes interrelateWhat is a semantic field? It is a named area of meaning in which lexemes interrelate and define each other in specific ways

Colour: blue Royal blue Turquoise. Transparent blue  Colour: blue Royal blue Turquoise. Transparent blue

Tropical Fruit Citrus plants Grapefruit Orange Lemon  Tropical Fruit Citrus plants Grapefruit Orange Lemon

Neatness vs fuzziness  NOISE:  murmur , din , blare , clamour clatter, hubbub ,Neatness vs fuzziness NOISE: murmur , din , blare , clamour clatter, hubbub , racket sound , uproar talk and rumours atmospheric noise big noise

Presentation outline What is a lexeme?  What is a semantic structure  ? ? Presentation outline What is a lexeme? What is a semantic structure ? ? How is lexicon structured? What is a semantic field? Neatness vs. fuzziness? Is the stylistic factor important? In vino veritas , or truth comes out from wine!

What is wrong with a stylistic factor, or what is so special in the vocabulary ofWhat is wrong with a stylistic factor, or what is so special in the vocabulary of wine ? ? Figurative lexeme application Numerous associations Subjectivity of topic

Wine can taste. . .  Bland (implies lack of character, too mild) Dry (not sweet,Wine can taste. . . Bland (implies lack of character, too mild) Dry (not sweet, sugar fully fermented out) Finesse (elegant and refined)

Wine can taste … Heavy  (over-endowed with alcohol, lacking finesse )) Meaty (thick, almost chewableWine can taste … Heavy (over-endowed with alcohol, lacking finesse )) Meaty (thick, almost chewable flavour) Tart (tongue curling)

IN VINO VERITAS , OR TRUTH COMES OUT FROM WINE!  IN VINO VERITAS , OR TRUTH COMES OUT FROM WINE!

Conclusions A lexeme: a fundamental vocabulary unit A semantic structure as a lexeme network A semanticConclusions A lexeme: a fundamental vocabulary unit A semantic structure as a lexeme network A semantic field as an area of lexemes’ interrelation The vocabulary of wine: figurative, ambiguous, subjective, and. . .

LOVELY!  LOVELY!

Thank you!  Thank you!




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