Скачать презентацию THE SOUTH AND WEST TRANSFORMED PART II THE Скачать презентацию THE SOUTH AND WEST TRANSFORMED PART II THE

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THE SOUTH AND WEST TRANSFORMED PART II: THE NEW WEST THE SOUTH AND WEST TRANSFORMED PART II: THE NEW WEST

GREAT AMERICAN DESERT GREAT AMERICAN DESERT

► ARID ► LITTLE THE GREAT PLAINS WATER, TIMBER ► EARLIEST SETTLERS BYPASSED THE ► ARID ► LITTLE THE GREAT PLAINS WATER, TIMBER ► EARLIEST SETTLERS BYPASSED THE PLAINS ► -------------------► MINING, TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILROAD COMPLETION (1869) ► BUFFALO DESTRUCTION ► INDIAN DESTRUCTION ► RANGE-CATTLE INDUSTRY ► DRY FARMING & IRRIGATION

MINING ACROSS U. S. MINING ACROSS U. S.

BOOM AND BUST INDUSTRIES DOMINATE THE AMERICAN WEST ► MINING ► LOGGING ► RANCHING/FARMING BOOM AND BUST INDUSTRIES DOMINATE THE AMERICAN WEST ► MINING ► LOGGING ► RANCHING/FARMING ► RAILROADS ► DOT. COM

WESTERN SETTLEMENT ► 14 NEW STATES CREATED AFTER CIVIL WAR ► MASS MIGRATION § WESTERN SETTLEMENT ► 14 NEW STATES CREATED AFTER CIVIL WAR ► MASS MIGRATION § BLACKS, MEXICANS, CHINESE, INDIANS § AIDED BY RAILROADS: 200, 000 MILES BY 1897 ► HOMESTEAD ACT (1862) § 10% ALL LANDS IN U. S. SETTLED THIS WAY ► OKLAHOMA LAND RUSH (1889) § 2 MILLION ACRES CLAIMED IN ONE DAY

CERTIFICATE OF HOMESTEAD GIVEN UNDER HOMSTEAD ACT NEBRASKA (1868) CERTIFICATE OF HOMESTEAD GIVEN UNDER HOMSTEAD ACT NEBRASKA (1868)

OKLAHOMA LAND RUSH OKLAHOMA LAND RUSH

INDIANS VS. U. S. GOVERNMENT ► 1860 -1890 ► TREATIES SIGNED, VIOLATED: ENDLESS CYCLE INDIANS VS. U. S. GOVERNMENT ► 1860 -1890 ► TREATIES SIGNED, VIOLATED: ENDLESS CYCLE ► SAND CREEK MASSACRE (1864) ► BATTLE OF LITTLE BIGHORN/CUSTER’S LAST STAND (1876) ► BATTLE OF WOUNDED KNEE (1890) ► SIOUX TRIBE LED FIGHT AGAINST U. S. GOVERNMENT

BUFFALO ► 1750 – 30 MILLION BUFFALO IN U. S. ► 1850 – LESS BUFFALO ► 1750 – 30 MILLION BUFFALO IN U. S. ► 1850 – LESS THAN 10 MILLION ► 1900 – ONLY A FEW HUNDRED LEFT (ALMOST EXTINCT) “EVERY BUFFALO DEAD IS AN INDIAN GONE” --COLONEL RICHARD DODGE, U. S. ARMY

I saw the bodies of those lying there cut all to pieces, worse mutilated I saw the bodies of those lying there cut all to pieces, worse mutilated than any I ever saw before; the women cut all to pieces. . . With knives; scalped; their brains knocked out; children two or three months old; all ages lying there, from sucking infants up to warriors. . . By whom were they mutilated? By the United States troops. . . ” —- John S. Smith, Congressional Testimony of Mr. John S. Smith, 1865

CUSTER’S LAST STAND, 1876 CUSTER’S LAST STAND, 1876

SCENE OF CUSTER’S LAST STAND; PILE OF BONES SCENE OF CUSTER’S LAST STAND; PILE OF BONES

GHOST DANCE – SPIRITUAL DANCE WHERE DEAD WOULD RETURN AND LIFE WOULD BE RESTORED GHOST DANCE – SPIRITUAL DANCE WHERE DEAD WOULD RETURN AND LIFE WOULD BE RESTORED TO THE DAYS OF OLD WOVOKA, PAIUTE LEADER; LEADER OF GHOST DANCE

SIOUX TRIBE IN COSTUME FOR CEREMONIAL DANCE SIOUX TRIBE IN COSTUME FOR CEREMONIAL DANCE

BATTLE OF WOUNDED KNEE MASS GRAVE FOR DEAD AT WOUNDED KNEE BATTLE OF WOUNDED KNEE MASS GRAVE FOR DEAD AT WOUNDED KNEE

Big Foot (Sitanka), a Miniconjou Sioux of Cheyenne River Reservation, South Dakota Big Foot (Sitanka), a Miniconjou Sioux of Cheyenne River Reservation, South Dakota

THE CORPSE OF BIG FOOT AFTER BATTLE OF WOUNDED KNEE THE CORPSE OF BIG FOOT AFTER BATTLE OF WOUNDED KNEE

BIG FOOT’S CAMP AFTER BATTLE OF WOUNDED KNEE, 1890 BIG FOOT’S CAMP AFTER BATTLE OF WOUNDED KNEE, 1890

DAWES ACT ► 1887 ► GRANTED CITIZENSHIP AND LAND OWNERSHIP TO INDIANS ► LAND DAWES ACT ► 1887 ► GRANTED CITIZENSHIP AND LAND OWNERSHIP TO INDIANS ► LAND IN TRUST OF TRIBE FOR 25 YEARS, THEN INDIANS BECOME FULL CITIZENS ► 1887 -1934 - TRIBES LOST 86 OUT OF 130 MILLION ACRES OF LAND

FREDERICK JACKSON TURNER’S THESIS ► 1890 - END OF THE FRONTIER ACCORDING TO THE FREDERICK JACKSON TURNER’S THESIS ► 1890 - END OF THE FRONTIER ACCORDING TO THE U. S. CENSUS ► TURNER WROTE “THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE FRONTIER IN AMERICAN HISTORY” ► DELIVERED TO THE AMERICAN HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION IN 1893 ► THE FRONTIER SHAPED THE AMERICAN CHARACTER § AMERICAN RUGGGED INDIVIDUALISM SHAPED BY EXPERIENCES ON THE FRONTIER