- Количество слайдов: 16
The Object Дополнение
The Object The secondary part of the sentence referring to some other part of the sentence that is usually expressed by a verb (rarely - an adjective or a stative, and, very seldom, an adverb). She has bought a car. She was afraid of the dog. He did it unexpectedly to himself.
The object can be expressed by: a noun in the common case a nominal phrase a substantivised adjective or a participle I saw the boys two hours ago. We met a lot of people there. First of all she attended to the sick.
The object can be expressed by: A noun-pronoun I don’t know anybody here. What will you do with these? A numeral or a phrase with a numeral At last he found three of them high up in the hills.
The object can be expressed by: A gerund or a gerundial construction He insists on coming here. The boys denied their stealing the gold chain. An infinitive or an infinitive phrase or construction Every day I had to learn how to spell new words. Do you expect our team to win?
The object can be expressed by: Various predicative constructions She felt her hands trembling. (With a participle I) I want it done at once. (With a participle II) She will let you know about the decision. (With an infinitive) A clause (an object clause) I don’t know who it was.
The direct object прямое дополнение Non-prepositional, follows transitive verbs, adjectives or statives and completes their meaning (винительный падеж - кого? что?). I wrote a poem. Who saw him leave? I find it exciting to watch such films.
These verbs take the direct object The use of prepositions with these verbs is not be the same in Russian and in English
The indirect object косвенное дополнение Follows both transitive and intransitive verbs, adjectives and statives. Is subdivided into recipient (обозначает адресата действия) and non-recipient object (не имеет значения «адресат действия»).
The indirect recipient object Is expressed by a noun/pronoun which denotes the addressee (the recipient) of the action of the verb (дательный падеж - кому? чему?). May be prepositional (to, for) or non-prepositional. He gave the kid two dollars. Will you bring a cup of coffee for me?
The indirect non-recipient object Its semantics is various but it never denotes the addressee of the action. Always prepositional. One must always hope for the best. She’s not happy about her new friend.