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The Ministry of Defence’s Standing Joint Commander (United Kingdom) Presentation to Dealing with Disasters The Ministry of Defence’s Standing Joint Commander (United Kingdom) Presentation to Dealing with Disasters International Conference 2010 Wing Commander Richard Garston 23 November 2010 Standing Joint Commander (United Kingdom)

Scope Where we are • Legal • UK Resilience policy • UK MOD policy/delivery/examples Scope Where we are • Legal • UK Resilience policy • UK MOD policy/delivery/examples Where we’re going • National Security Strategy 2010 • Strategic Defence and Security Review 2010 • National Security Risk Assessment • Observations

The MOD and Resilience: legal issues • • • Civil Contingencies Act 2004 Devolved/Reserved The MOD and Resilience: legal issues • • • Civil Contingencies Act 2004 Devolved/Reserved Equivalents Emergency Powers Act 1964 Common Law SOCA and Police Act 2005 Reserve Forces Act 1996 • • • Corporate Manslaughter and Corporate Homicide Act 2007 Criminal Law Act 1967, Section 3 Human Rights Act 1998, Article 2 Reserve Forces Act 1996 Environmental Damage Regulations, May 2009 Legislation v Doing the Right Thing

UK and MOD Resilience Policy Cross-Government • Civil Contingencies Act 2004 – Emergency Preparedness UK and MOD Resilience Policy Cross-Government • Civil Contingencies Act 2004 – Emergency Preparedness – Emergency Response and Recovery • • • Lead Government Department principle Civil primacy National Security Strategy National Risk Assessment National Resilience Planning Assumptions Community Risk Registers Defence • Military Aid to the Civil Authorities – – • Types Principles/criteria Authorisation Charging Training and Logistic Assistance to the Civil Power

UK Ops Delivery At readiness: • SAR • EOD • Liaison Available (not at UK Ops Delivery At readiness: • SAR • EOD • Liaison Available (not at readiness): • Everything else MACA principles apply

Some recent examples Boscastle 2004 Grayrigg 2007 Gloucestershire 2007 Cumbria 2009 Inclement weather 2010 Some recent examples Boscastle 2004 Grayrigg 2007 Gloucestershire 2007 Cumbria 2009 Inclement weather 2010 Near misses: Include East Coast flooding, 2007

National Security Strategy 2010 Strategic approach Four highest priority risks: • • International terrorism National Security Strategy 2010 Strategic approach Four highest priority risks: • • International terrorism Cyber attack International military crises Major accidents or natural hazards UK response • Ensure a secure and resilient UK • Shape a stable world

National Security Strategy 2010 National Security Tasks: 1. Identify and monitor national security risks National Security Strategy 2010 National Security Tasks: 1. Identify and monitor national security risks and opportunities. 2. Tackle at root the causes of instability. 3. Exert influence to exploit opportunities and manage risks. 4. Enforce domestic law and strengthen international norms to help tackle those who threaten the UK and our interests. 5. Protect the UK and our interests at home, at our borders and internationally, in order to address physical and electronic threats from state and non-state sources. , 6. Help resolve conflicts and contribute to stability. Where necessary, intervene overseas, including the legal use of coercive force in support of the UK’s vital interests, and to protect our overseas territories and people. 7. Provide resilience for the UK by being prepared for all kinds of emergencies, able to recover from shocks and to maintain essential services. 8. Work in alliances and partnerships whenever possible to generate stronger responses.

Strategic Defence and Security Review 2010 National security tasks and planning guidelines Greater cross-government Strategic Defence and Security Review 2010 National security tasks and planning guidelines Greater cross-government co-operation MTs - Defending the UK and its overseas territories - Providing strategic intelligence - Providing nuclear deterrence - Supporting civil emergency organisations in times of crisis - Defending our interests by projecting power strategically and through expeditionary interventions. - Providing a Defence contribution to UK influence. - Providing security for stabilisation.

Strategic Defence and Security Review 2010 Streamlines RN Resilience footprint Streamlined Army Resilience footprint Strategic Defence and Security Review 2010 Streamlines RN Resilience footprint Streamlined Army Resilience footprint More intelligence use of the Reserve Forces? Better horizon scanning?

National Security Risk Assessment Major risks • Terrorism • Instability and conflict overseas • National Security Risk Assessment Major risks • Terrorism • Instability and conflict overseas • Cyber security • Civil emergencies • • Energy security Organised crime Border security Counter-proliferation and arms control Note: those in yellow are Tier 1 risks.

Observations/Issues Conflicting demands Home v away Limited resources SDSR Res-structuring Planning Round 2011 Treasury Observations/Issues Conflicting demands Home v away Limited resources SDSR Res-structuring Planning Round 2011 Treasury Rules ‘Beyond the Threshold’-type events Lessons Learned Pitt: recommendation 47 Cross-government initiatives/developments CCA 04 EP Regional Government Offices 2012 Olympic Games Concurrency with a major Resilience event? Culture UK approach compared with other nations Reputation Operational v reputational v financial

Questions Wing Commander Richard Garston richard. garston 574@mod. uk Standing Joint Commander (United Kingdom) Questions Wing Commander Richard Garston richard. garston [email protected] uk Standing Joint Commander (United Kingdom)