The Kremlin Moscow The

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the_russian_kremlin.ppt

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The Kremlin The Kremlin

Moscow The heart of  Moscow is the Kremlin Moscow The heart of Moscow is the Kremlin

Fortress  The world « Kremlin » means  « fortress » because in ancient timesFortress The world « Kremlin » means « fortress » because in ancient times every large town had it’s Kremlin as the part of a town surrounded by high walls.

Moscow Kremlin is an irregular  triangle. Its walls are 2. 4 kilometres in length andMoscow Kremlin is an irregular triangle. Its walls are 2. 4 kilometres in length and have 20 towers

WOODEN WALLS The first walls of the Moscow Kremlin were made of wood eight centuries ago.WOODEN WALLS The first walls of the Moscow Kremlin were made of wood eight centuries ago.

The Kremlin was later reconstructed with stone during the XIV century.  The Kremlin was later reconstructed with stone during the XIV century.

  The Moscow Kremlin achieved its present appearance by the end of XV century. The Moscow Kremlin achieved its present appearance by the end of XV century.

The Cathedral of the Assumption  stands (Успенский собор)  On the northern side of CathedralThe Cathedral of the Assumption stands (Успенский собор) On the northern side of Cathedral Square in the Kremlin is the Cathedral of the Assumptionstands.

  It was the main church of the Kremlin built in 1475. It was the It was the main church of the Kremlin built in 1475. It was the place where tzars were crowneed and it was the burial place of metropolitans.

The Cathedral of the Annunciation ( Благовещенский собор)  • Closer to the river there isThe Cathedral of the Annunciation ( Благовещенский собор) • Closer to the river there is the Cathedral of the Annuciation. • It was the home chapel of the Russian princes and tzars.

The Arkhangelsky  Cathedral ( Архангельский собор ) • The Arkhangelsky  Cathedral , another relicThe Arkhangelsky Cathedral ( Архангельский собор ) • The Arkhangelsky Cathedral , another relic of Russian architecture. • It was the burial place of the Moscow grand bukes and tzars.

At the foot of the Bell-Tower of Ivan the Great there is the Tzar-Bell and theAt the foot of the Bell-Tower of Ivan the Great there is the Tzar-Bell and the Tzar-Cannon.

The Tzar-Bell • The Tzar-Bell weighs 200 tons.  •  It is the largest bellThe Tzar-Bell • The Tzar-Bell weighs 200 tons. • It is the largest bell in the world .

The Tzar-Cannon • The Tzar-Cannon weighs 40 tons.  • It’s the largest gun in theThe Tzar-Cannon • The Tzar-Cannon weighs 40 tons. • It’s the largest gun in the world.

The Alexandrovsky Garden is situated along the western Kremlin wall.  The Alexandrovsky Garden is situated along the western Kremlin wall.

Tomb of the Unknown Soldier In the garden there is the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.Tomb of the Unknown Soldier In the garden there is the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.

Cathedral  of Saint Basil Beside the Spasskaya Tower of the Kremlin there is the CathedralCathedral of Saint Basil Beside the Spasskaya Tower of the Kremlin there is the Cathedral of Saint Basil, built in 1555 — 1561 by great Russia architects Barma and Postnik .

  It has nine domes, each of a different colour and pattern .  Everybody It has nine domes, each of a different colour and pattern . Everybody admires it’s fantastic beauty.

  The Moscow Kremlin is the best illustration of the history of Russia.  The Moscow Kremlin is the best illustration of the history of Russia.

AUTHOR • Pavel Ogulik • 7 D form • Anninskaya school AUTHOR • Pavel Ogulik • 7 D form • Anninskaya school




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