Скачать презентацию The International Plant Exchange Network IPEN B van Скачать презентацию The International Plant Exchange Network IPEN B van

1dd081cf4c07c2217e17dfa034db9811.ppt

  • Количество слайдов: 29

The International Plant Exchange Network (IPEN) B. van den Wollenberg , W. Lobin, M. The International Plant Exchange Network (IPEN) B. van den Wollenberg , W. Lobin, M. von den Driesch, F. Klingenstein, Maïté Delmas, Thierry Helminger, Kari Laine, Frank Schumacher, Steve Waldren on behalf of the BGCI/IABG-Consortium of Botanic Gardens in the EU Botanic Gardens Conservation International German Regional Office Bonn University Botanic Gardens

Do we need IPEN? Botanic Gardens Conservation International Dutch Regional Office Do we need IPEN? Botanic Gardens Conservation International Dutch Regional Office

The Convention on Biological Diversity has been signed by 188 parties (countries), including all The Convention on Biological Diversity has been signed by 188 parties (countries), including all EU-countries. Most notable non-party: USA Botanic Gardens Conservation International Dutch Regional Office

Your government has signed the CBD. This means it has the same status as Your government has signed the CBD. This means it has the same status as your laws; the gardens in your country have to implement the CBD! Most botanic gardens have not been informed by their government about the obligation to implement the CBD. Why not? Botanic Gardens Conservation International Dutch Regional Office

Unlike CITES, the CBD lacks an operational chapter, detailing how it should be implemented. Unlike CITES, the CBD lacks an operational chapter, detailing how it should be implemented. The parties have been discussing that since the CBD came into force, on december 29, 1993. Botanic Gardens Conservation International Dutch Regional Office

An essential difference with CITES is that each country has sovereignty over its biodiversity, An essential difference with CITES is that each country has sovereignty over its biodiversity, and can implement the CBD nationally, by laws or other means. Imagine 188 countries, each with different laws! Botanic Gardens Conservation International Dutch Regional Office

There as basically two views: 1: Implementation through legal means (megadiverse countries). 2: Implementation There as basically two views: 1: Implementation through legal means (megadiverse countries). 2: Implementation by self-imposed non-legally enforced mechanisms (the developed countries). Botanic Gardens Conservation International Dutch Regional Office

In Johannesburg (WSSD – 2002 -) it was agreed to strive for implementation through In Johannesburg (WSSD – 2002 -) it was agreed to strive for implementation through an “International Regime“. Botanic Gardens Conservation International Dutch Regional Office

International certificate of origin / source / legal provenance will probably become part of International certificate of origin / source / legal provenance will probably become part of the International Regime (“tracking“) Botanic Gardens Conservation International Dutch Regional Office

How does the CBD affect us? Botanic Gardens Conservation International Dutch Regional Office How does the CBD affect us? Botanic Gardens Conservation International Dutch Regional Office

Article 15, on Access and Benefit Sharing, is of key importance, since it applies Article 15, on Access and Benefit Sharing, is of key importance, since it applies to all exchanges of biodiversity (in our case plant material). Botanic Gardens Conservation International Dutch Regional Office

At a workshop convened by the German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation and Bonn At a workshop convened by the German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation and Bonn Botanic Garden, nine problems were indentified. three of these are very important for botanic gardens: Botanic Gardens Conservation International Dutch Regional Office

§“Over-restrictive ABS regulations have created extra levels of bureaucracy that impede basic research, sustainable §“Over-restrictive ABS regulations have created extra levels of bureaucracy that impede basic research, sustainable use, and research on economic use and attached benefits“ § “Distrust associated with the commercial sectors is affecting CBD implementation by the non-commercial research community“ § “Examples of national legislation in South America showed that current conditions for basic research and conservation are especially restrictive in some megadiverse countries“ Botanic Gardens Conservation International Dutch Regional Office

For the scientific community, the Swiss Academy of Sciences has published an ABS manual For the scientific community, the Swiss Academy of Sciences has published an ABS manual www. scnat. ch / [email protected] ch Botanic Gardens Conservation International Dutch Regional Office

Do we need IPEN? Yes, we do! Botanic gardens need to demonstrate their commitment Do we need IPEN? Yes, we do! Botanic gardens need to demonstrate their commitment to the CBD to CBD countries in order to maintain credibility and access to their biodiversity Botanic Gardens Conservation International Dutch Regional Office

The International Plant Exchange Network (IPEN) • model of implementation of the CBD by The International Plant Exchange Network (IPEN) • model of implementation of the CBD by Botanic Gardens • covers the exchange of plant material for noncommercial purposes between Botanic Gardens • developed by the Association of Botanic Gardens in Germany, adopted by the EU Consortium of Botanic Gardens Conservation International German Regional Office Bonn University Botanic Gardens

The International Plant Exchange Network (IPEN) Ø for botanic gardens Ø for non-commercial purposes The International Plant Exchange Network (IPEN) Ø for botanic gardens Ø for non-commercial purposes Ø according to the CBD Botanic Gardens Conservation International German Regional Office Bonn University Botanic Gardens

IPEN-assumption 1: seed exchange is the main source for BG’s Dimension of seed exchange IPEN-assumption 1: seed exchange is the main source for BG’s Dimension of seed exchange for the 95 BG‘s in Germany p. a. receipt of seeds: 79. 983 supply of seeds: 260. 010 326. 000 transactions 3. 400 per garden BG’s depend extensively on regular access from ex-situconditions Botanic Gardens Conservation International German Regional Office Bonn University Botanic Gardens

IPEN-assumption 2: limited capacity Most BG’s are small gardens with limited staff capacity Bonn IPEN-assumption 2: limited capacity Most BG’s are small gardens with limited staff capacity Bonn Botanic Gardens: 13, 5 ha 10. 200 taxa 1 scientist (= all-round manager)

Fundamentals of IPEN UNIFIED POLICY (Code of Conduct) to meet the provisions of the Fundamentals of IPEN UNIFIED POLICY (Code of Conduct) to meet the provisions of the CBD in receiving, storing, and supplying plant material and on Benefit-Sharing including Material Transfer Agreements (MTA’s) to be used for exchange with institutions NOT sharing this policy free exchange only for NON-COMMERCIAL purposes free exchange only between BOTANIC GARDENS including pre-CBD-material (advised) Botanic Gardens Conservation International German Regional Office Bonn University Botanic Gardens

International Plant Exchange Network (IPEN) UNIFIED POLICY (Code of Conduct) for all participating gardens: International Plant Exchange Network (IPEN) UNIFIED POLICY (Code of Conduct) for all participating gardens: only for NONCOMMERCIAL use terms BG 1 = BG 2 = BG X. . . BG 1 only for BOTANIC GARDENS BG 2 Co. O BG X Botanic Gardens Conservation International German Regional Office Bonn University Botanic Gardens

Scope of the IPEN Code of Conduct • acquisition of plant material • introduction Scope of the IPEN Code of Conduct • acquisition of plant material • introduction of material into IPEN • minimum documentation requirements to enable tracking of plant material (certificate of origin / source / legal provenance • supply of material to IPEN-members (simplified exchange) and to non-IPEN-members (Material Supply Agreements !) • Benefit Sharing Botanic Gardens Conservation International German Regional Office Bonn University Botanic Gardens

“doc max” “doc min” = documentation sheet for plant material entering IPEN = minimum “doc max” “doc min” = documentation sheet for plant material entering IPEN = minimum set of data to be documented IPEN-Number: country code, restrictions, acronym of inst. , accession N° IPEN-Number taxonomic data terms of Co. O or other stakeholders type of material Co. O source (collector, Co. O etc. ) permits terms of Co. O or other stakeholders Botanic Gardens Conservation International German Regional Office Bonn University Botanic Gardens

Botanic Gardens and Benefit Sharing Botanic Gardens are not using their collections commercially, but: Botanic Gardens and Benefit Sharing Botanic Gardens are not using their collections commercially, but: CBD requires also non-commercial Benefit Sharing, but there already exists a long tradition of non monetary Benefit Sharing such as: Botanic Gardens Conservation International German Regional Office Bonn University Botanic Gardens

Experiences with Benefit Sharing Cooperation of the Botanic Garden University of Vienna with Tsimbazaza Experiences with Benefit Sharing Cooperation of the Botanic Garden University of Vienna with Tsimbazaza (Madagascar) with respect to Orchids Exchange of staff with the Botanic Garden Hamburg with respect to a project on Dahlia in Mexico Cooperation of the Botanic Gardens Bonn and Munich with Botanic Garden Tbilissi, Georgia; staff exchange, common excursions, labelling of plants Support of Indonesian Botanic Gardens in conservation of Amorphophallus titanum by Bonn Botanic Gardens Conservation International German Regional Office Bonn University Botanic Gardens

Implementation of IPEN gardens declaring the adoption of the Code of Conduct get registered Implementation of IPEN gardens declaring the adoption of the Code of Conduct get registered (BGCI) the list of registered gardens is made available via internet after 5 years, the procedure of adoption must be renewed the overall idea is to establish a similar procedure as CITES with their “registered institutions” Botanic Gardens Conservation International German Regional Office Bonn University Botanic Gardens

Slide provided by Thierry Helminger, MNHN, Luxembourg Botanic Gardens Conservation International Dutch Regional Office Slide provided by Thierry Helminger, MNHN, Luxembourg Botanic Gardens Conservation International Dutch Regional Office

`You can find more information on the website of BGCI: www. bgci. org/abs • `You can find more information on the website of BGCI: www. bgci. org/abs • Access & Benefit Sharing • The Principles • IPEN lead >>>> Description of IPEN, Code on Conduct, IPEN membership list, and Frequently asked Questions (FAQ’s) Botanic Gardens Conservation International Dutch Regional Office

Please join IPEN as soon as possible! Thank you for your attention Botanic Gardens Please join IPEN as soon as possible! Thank you for your attention Botanic Gardens Conservation International Dutch Regional Office