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The Images and Restoration of the Sistine Chapel By: Christine Lee The Images and Restoration of the Sistine Chapel By: Christine Lee

The Chapel in itself is a work of art, but what makes it so The Chapel in itself is a work of art, but what makes it so famous is the paintings done by Michelangelo on its ceiling. The paintings were so wonderfully executed that Pope Julius II fell to his knees in prayer at the first sight of them

Webs n n Contain frescoes of groups of figures that complete the series of Webs n n Contain frescoes of groups of figures that complete the series of the Ancestors of Christ Their exact identities are unknown

Pendentives n n Narrate four episodes of the miraculous salvation of the people of Pendentives n n Narrate four episodes of the miraculous salvation of the people of Israel Testify as to the constant presence of God in the life of his people and the continuous renewal of the promise of Redemption. Junction points between the stories of the ceiling and those of the walls. Are The Brazen Serpent, The Punishment of Haman, David and Goliath, and Judith and Holofernes

Sibyls-Prophets n n n n Identified by a text in the label below them Sibyls-Prophets n n n n Identified by a text in the label below them and are those who were the first to sense the coming of the Redeemer Testify as to the continuous wait of mankind for the Redemption Short sides are dominated by the figures of Zachariach and Jonah Prophets and sibyls are seated on monumental thrones along the long sides Identified by a text below each of them Women that watched over the home, believed to have prophesized about the birth of Christ Twelve prophets are Jonah, Jeremiah, Persian Sibyl, Ezekiel, Erythraean Sibyl, Joel, Zechariah, Delphic Sibyl, Isaiah, Cumaean Sibyl, Daniel, Libyan Sibyl

Central Stories n n n n n Are the nine stories of Genesis, divided Central Stories n n n n n Are the nine stories of Genesis, divided into three groups relative to the origins of the universe, of man and evil The Separation of Light and Darkness The Creation of the Sun, Moon and Earth The Separation of Land Water The Creation of Adam The Creation of Eve The Temptation and Expulsion The Sacrifice of Noah The Great Flood The Drunkenness of Noah

A few quotes about the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel… n “It seems that A few quotes about the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel… n “It seems that Michelangelo, in his own way, allowed himself to be guided by the evocative words of the Book of Genesis which, as regards the creation of the human being, male and female, reveals: 'The man and his wife were both naked, yet they felt no shame'. The Sistine Chapel is precisely – if one may so – the sanctuary of theology of the human body. In witnessing to the beauty of man created by God as male and female, it also expresses in a certain way, the hope of a world transfigured, the world inaugurated by the Risen Christ. ”Pope John Paul II

“The work has proved a veritable beacon to our art, of inestimable benefit to “The work has proved a veritable beacon to our art, of inestimable benefit to all painters, restoring light to a world that for centuries had been plunged into darkness. Indeed, painters no longer need to seek for new inventions, novel attitudes, clothed figures, fresh ways of expression, different arrangements, or sublime subjects, for this work contains every perfection possible under those headings. ”-Vasari

n n "I sneaked up there a few times. And under the bright, unforgiving lights of television, I was able to encounter the real Michelangelo. I was so close to him I could see the bristles from his brushes caught in the paint; and the mucky thumbprints he’d left along his margins. The first thing that impressed me was his speed. Michelangelo worked at Schumacher pace. Adam’s famous little penis was captured with a single brushstroke: a flick of the wrist, and the first man had his manhood. I also enjoyed his sense of humour, which, from close up, turned out to be refreshingly puerile. If you look closely at the angels who attend the scary prophetess on the Sistine ceiling known as the Cumaean Sibyl, you will see that one of them has stuck his thumb between his fingers in that mysteriously obscene gesture that visiting fans are still treated to today at Italian football matches. “-Waldemar Januszczak

“I've grown a goitre by dwelling in this den– As cats from stagnant streams “I've grown a goitre by dwelling in this den– As cats from stagnant streams in Lombardy, Or in what other land they hap to be– Which drives the belly close beneath the chin: My beard turns up to heaven; my nape falls in, Fixed on my spine: my breast-bone visibly Grows like a harp: a rich embroidery Bedews my face from brush-drops thick and thin. My loins into my paunch like levers grind: My buttock like a crupper bears my weight; My feet unguided wander to and fro; In front my skin grows loose and long; behind, By bending it becomes more taut and strait; Crosswise I strain me like a Syrian bow: Whence false and quaint, I know, Must be the fruit of squinting brain and eye; For ill can aim the gun that bends awry. Come then, Giovanni, try To succour my dead pictures and my fame; Since foul I fare and painting is my shame. ” -Michelangelo, on the process of painting the ceiling

n n n Glue, torches, candles, glue were added on top of one another, n n n Glue, torches, candles, glue were added on top of one another, making the dark skin on the fresco thicker than the paint underneath it Roof leaked, allowing for salts to wash through Started in 1979, 400 years after the frescoes were completed Took ten years to complete, whereas it took Michelangelo four to complete the entire chapel Sponges soaked in a special mixture of chemicals and pure water removed the layers of grime caused by oil lamps, incense, and hundreds of candles that were lit during every papal Mass Revealed original bright colors beneath Removed scaffolding and safety netting that was up for 14 years Replaced dark foreboding colors with rich and sparkling bright hues A climate control system was installed by the Vatican that filters dust and chemical pollution from the air and monitors the temperature and humidity so no moisture will collect on the frescoes The Restoration Process n n n

Sources n http: //www. wga. hu/framese. html? /html/m/michelan/3 sistina/index. html n http: //mv. vatican. Sources n http: //www. wga. hu/framese. html? /html/m/michelan/3 sistina/index. html n http: //mv. vatican. va/3_EN/pages/CSN_Main. html n Discovering Art History by Gerald F. Brommer n http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Sistine_Chapel_ceiling