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The ILO Decent Work Agenda and Decent Work Country Programmes in Africa and Latin America ACTRAV-Turin ILO
Issues Covered in this Presentation q Mandate and Core Principles of the ILO q The ILO’s Strategic Policy Framework, 2010 -15 q What is Decent Work? q The 4 Pillars of Decent Work q Decent Work Country Programmes q The ILO Employment Strategy
The ILO Mandate n Initial Motivation: Humanitarian: Conditions of work – health – family - q Political: To pre-empt social unrest-revolutions Economic: Create a fair playground Constitution states – “the failure of any nation to adopt humane conditions of labour is an obstacle in the way of other nations which desire to improve the conditions of labour in their own countries. ”
Continues… n Devoted to advancing opportunities for women and men to obtain decent and productive work in conditions of freedom, equity, security and human dignity. n Its main aims: q q Promote Rights at Work; Encourage Decent Employment Opportunities; Enhance Social Protection; Strengthen Social Dialogue in handling Work-related Issues.
Continues… q Its Mandate is to promote opportunities for men and women to realise, through social dialogue and tripartism, social justice, decent and productive work, in conditions of freedom, equality, security and human dignity, which is summed up by the expression “Decent Work as a global goal. ” q The 2008 SJD states that for the ILO to achieve its objectives, the Office would need to strengthen its capacity to assist its Members’ efforts inter alia through making labour law and institutions effective, including in respect of the recognition of: - Employment relationships; Promotion of good industrial relations; and - Building of effective labour inspection systems.
Continues… q The SJD is “based on the mandate contained in the ILO Constitution, including the Declaration of Philadelphia (1944)” while “drawing on and reaffirming the ILO Declaration on FPRW (1998). ” q The SJD requires the Organisation to “promote the ILO’s standard-setting policy as a cornerstone of ILO activities by enhancing its relevance to the world of work, and ensure the role of standards as a useful means of achieving the constitutional objectives of the Organisation. ”
Continues… q By adopting the GJP in 2009, the ILO pointed to the need to strengthen the capacities of labour administration and labour inspection as an important element in inclusive action on: - q Worker protection; Social security; Labour market policies; and Social dialogue. The Organisation’s foremost task is to respond to constituents’ needs related to the world of work, in keeping with its basic values and mandate in a globalised world.
The Strategic Policy Framework, 2010 -15 RESOURCES TECHNICAL CAPACITIES DELIVERY OUTCOMES Employment promotion Regular Budget Knowledge Services, products and advocacy based on: Skills development • ILO mandate and tripartite principles as set out in the Constitution, the Declaration of Philadelphia, the 1998 Declaration , and the Social Justice Declaration Sustainable enterprises International Labour Conference and Governing Body decisions HIV/AIDS Reinforcing the capacity of constituents Regular Budget Supplementary Account Partnership s and communicat ion • • Extra-budgetary resources Operational capacity Constituents’ priorities, in particular as found in Decent Work Country Programmes, regional meetings, agreements and plans of action Social security Working conditions Occupational safety and health Labour migration Employers’ organisations Workers’ organisations Labour administration and labour law Social dialogue and industrial relations Decent work in economic sectors Freedom of association and collective bargaining Forced labour Child labour Discrimination at work International lablour standards Mainstreaming decent work GOVERNANCE, SUPPORT AND MANAGEMENT OUTCOME TITLES: Use of resources, Governance STRATEGIC OBJECTUVES AND GOAL
What is Decent Work? Decent Work sums up the aspirations of people for: Work that is productive, gives fair income, security in the workplace & social protection for the family, equal opportunities & treatment, better prospects for - personal devt & social integration, freedom to organise & participate in decision making -------------------------Concept of Decent Work encompasses both Individual and Collective dimensions (C 87 & 98)
The 4 pillars of Decent Work productive employment & sustainable enterprises social protection/ social security for all Standards & basic rights at work Promotion of Social dialogue, including Collective bargaining [+ Gender Mainstreaming]
Reaching Out to Promote Decent Work q The DWA has been widely endorsed at the highest level by the: - International community in the framework of the United Nations; G 20; Regional bodies such as the EU, AU, etc. q It is an internationally recognised global development goal and the subject of MDG Target 1. B. q At the G 20 the ILO has systematically pointed to the imperative of a job-rich recovery as the basis for people-centred recovery. q Also, the ILO has underscored the role of employment, social protection, fundamental principles and rights at work and social dialogue in realising the G 20 Framework for Strong, Sustainable and Balanced Growth.
Decent Work Country Programmes q The ILO provides support through integrated Decent Work Country Programmes (DWCPs). q DWCP defines the priorities and targets within national development frameworks. q Aim to tackle major decent work deficits through efficient programmes that embrace each of the 4 strategic objectives.
Decent Work Country Programmes RIGHT S EMPLO Y-MENT Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work Enabling environment, Entrepreneurs hip, Employability, Skills, Productivity, Competivity e. g. ILOConventions SOCIA L PROTECTI ON Extending social security and protection to all, incl. those in the informal sector SOCIAL DIALOG UE Building social concensus on major policy lines e. g. through tripartite negotiations. + Gender Equality cross-cutting all… DWCP to be part of national PRSs
ILO Employment Strategy § § Ministers, Commissioners, etc. Agenda: Based on the headlines of the DW Communication: - General - within EU - Trade - Development Conclusions Network-IDEAs Nairobi 25 -27 Jan, 2007 Timo Voipio, MFA-Finland timo. [email protected] fi 14
The End! Any Questions?