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GULF WAR GEOGRAPHY.pptx

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THE GULF WAR: OIL AND TRANSPORTATION 1990 -1991 K S E N I A THE GULF WAR: OIL AND TRANSPORTATION 1990 -1991 K S E N I A D I A N A S U M K I N A G O L U B I T S K A Y A C H R I S T I N A M O N I K A C H E R V O T K I N A O G A N O S Y A N

GEOGRAPHY Located in Southwest Asia Extension of the Indian Ocean Located between Iran and GEOGRAPHY Located in Southwest Asia Extension of the Indian Ocean Located between Iran and the Arabian Peninsula

К 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. RESOURCES AND SIGNIFICANCE - Сoastal areas are the К 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. RESOURCES AND SIGNIFICANCE - Сoastal areas are the world's largest single source of crude oil (http: //www. persianorarabiangulf. com/index. php? c_page=5) - The Safaniya oil field is considered the largest offshore oil field in the world. (https: //www. dovregroup. com/news/safaniya-oil-field. html) - Large gas finds and dominations of related industries (https: //www. dovregroup. com/news/safaniya-oil-field. html) Conclusion: Because of its natural resources, access to the Persian Gulf has become the focus of international tension, such as the 1990 -1988 Iraq-Iran War and 1990 -1991 Persian Gulf War. (http: //www. newworldencyclopedia. org/entry/Persian_Gulf)

SAFANIYA OIL FIELD SAFANIYA OIL FIELD

COUNTRIES PARTICIPANTS Main Participants Iraq(Saddam Hussein) Kuwait(Emir of Kuwait) USA(George Bush) COUNTRIES PARTICIPANTS Main Participants Iraq(Saddam Hussein) Kuwait(Emir of Kuwait) USA(George Bush)

INTERESTS OF THE MAIN MEMBERS get large oil reserves from Kuwait in case of INTERESTS OF THE MAIN MEMBERS get large oil reserves from Kuwait in case of canceling a large debt Iraq owed Kuwait; expanding their power in the region (https: //www. britannica. com/event/Persian-Gulf. War) protection of Saudi. Arabia and Liberation of Kuwait (https: //www. britannica. com/event/Persian-Gulf. War) To be saved

COURSE OF THE WAR After Geneva Conference (25 July 1990) Hussein: - delivered a COURSE OF THE WAR After Geneva Conference (25 July 1990) Hussein: - delivered a speech in which he accused neighboring nation Kuwait of siphoning crude oil from the Ar-Rumaylah oil fields located along their common border. - insisted that Kuwait and Saudi Arabia and cancel out $30 billion of Iraq’s foreign debt, and accused them of conspiring to keep oil prices low in an effort to pander to Western oil-buying nations. Two-thirds of the 21 members of the Arab League condemned Iraq's act of aggression, and Saudi Arabia's King Fahd, along with Kuwait's governmentin-exile, turned to the United States and other members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization support (http: //www. history. com/topics/persian-gulfwar)

RESULTS OF THE WAR § 1) Iraq expelled from Kuwait Ø 2) Kuwaiti monarchy RESULTS OF THE WAR § 1) Iraq expelled from Kuwait Ø 2) Kuwaiti monarchy restored • 3) Destruction of Iraqi and Kuwaiti infrastructure • 4) Saddam Hussein retains power • 5) UN sanctions against Iraq maintained until 2003 • 6) United Nations Security Council Resolution 687 establishes cease-fire terms, beginning of the Iraq disarmament controversies • 7) Ecological Problems http: //www. reviewfund. com/article? sq=Fund&q=Gulf_War

THE TRANSPORT IMPORTANCE OF THE PERSIAN GULF Some 85% of oil extracted here is THE TRANSPORT IMPORTANCE OF THE PERSIAN GULF Some 85% of oil extracted here is exported Provide 20% of the world oil production http: //www. tandfonline. com/doi/pdf/10. 1080 /01441649008716749 Supply about 40% of the world's crude oil exports About 15% of oil product exports

 • Large gas finds have also been made, with Qatar and Iran sharing • Large gas finds have also been made, with Qatar and Iran sharing a giant field across the territorial median line (North Field in the Qatari sector; South Pars Field in the Iranian sector). Using this gas, Qatar has built up a substantial liquefied natural gas (LNG) and petrochemical industry. • http: //www. newworldencyclopedia. org/entry/Persian _Gulf

HTTP: //WWW. TANDFONLINE. COM/DOI/PDF/10. 1080/01441 649008716749 q Petroleum is mainly loaded onto tankers in HTTP: //WWW. TANDFONLINE. COM/DOI/PDF/10. 1080/01441 649008716749 q Petroleum is mainly loaded onto tankers in the Gulf, although some is pumped through pipelines to ports on the Mediterranean and Red Seas. • Most of the oil is carried out from the Gulf through the Strait of Hormuz. The bulk of the supply is directed towards Western Europe and Japan. • The economic existence of many states depends upon this petroleum supply from the Gulf.

FUNNY FACT • After the USA set off to the operation desert Shield in FUNNY FACT • After the USA set off to the operation desert Shield in the Persian Gulf, an unusual thing began in the US: yellow ribbons tied around trees and various other objects in public places. the yellow sighified that servicemen off on a mission were not forgotten and their homecoming was waiting for them.

REFERENCES • http: //www. persianorarabiangulf. com/index. php? c_page=5 • https: //www. dovregroup. com/news/safaniya-oil-field. html REFERENCES • http: //www. persianorarabiangulf. com/index. php? c_page=5 • https: //www. dovregroup. com/news/safaniya-oil-field. html • http: //www. newworldencyclopedia. org/entry/Persian_Gulf • https: //www. britannica. com/event/Persian-Gulf-War • http: //www. history. com/topics/persian-gulf-war • http: //www. reviewfund. com/article? sq=Fund&q=Gulf_War • http: //www. tandfonline. com/doi/pdf/10. 1080/01441649008716749 • http: //www. newworldencyclopedia. org/entry/Persian_Gulf