THE EVOLUTION OF MANAGEMENT THEORY Robert Owen and

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THE EVOLUTION OF MANAGEMENT THEORY Robert Owen and Richard Branson Compare and contrast the context, approachTHE EVOLUTION OF MANAGEMENT THEORY Robert Owen and Richard Branson Compare and contrast the context, approach and contribution that each of these pioneers has made to the development of management thinking in the 21 st century By Ben Saunders, Eishani Saigal, Jack Hulston and Viktoriya Kim

ROBERT OWEN B orn 14 May 1771 M anager of Chorlton Twist Mills 1 801, partROBERT OWEN B orn 14 May 1771 M anager of Chorlton Twist Mills 1 801, part owner and manager of the mills at New Lanark 1825, tried to establish a socialist community F ounder of cooperative movement and Utopian Socialism

MANAGEMENT APPROACH M anagement issues: theft, drunkenness,  absenteeism, poor sanitation and education system  SilentMANAGEMENT APPROACH M anagement issues: theft, drunkenness, absenteeism, poor sanitation and education system Silent monitor system S witched the spotlight on to the human machines behind the machines : — Discontinued the employment of pauper children, reduced the working hours. — Opened the Institute for the Formation of Character(1816) — Set up a village store — improved housing conditions

MANAGEMENT APPROACH (CONT) O wen’s management theory can be approached as mixture of scientific management andMANAGEMENT APPROACH (CONT) O wen’s management theory can be approached as mixture of scientific management and the humanistic perspective.

SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT PERSPECTIVE D EFINITION F ather of scientific management is Frederick Taylor T wo otherSCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT PERSPECTIVE D EFINITION F ather of scientific management is Frederick Taylor T wo other important pioneers Frank B. Gilberth (time and motion study) and Lilian M. Gilberth (human resource management)

HAWTHORNE HAWTHORN

RICHARD BRANSON RICHARD BRANSON