The English school of painting the term

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The English school of painting  The English school of painting

the term - термин to designate –для определения a particular method –особый метод a taste inthe term — термин to designate –для определения a particular method –особый метод a taste in coloring- чувство цвета а representation- представление to characterize -характеризовать an absence of — отсутствие To strike – поражать Forcibly –сильно, резко to stand by himself — стоять обособленно For the sake of brevity –для краткости English school of painting Английская изобразительная школа

The English school of painting is an expression for English (or British) painters who produced characteristicallyThe English school of painting is an expression for English (or British) painters who produced characteristically English paintings

Generally, the term school is used to designate a special collection of traditions and processes, aGenerally, the term «school» is used to designate a special collection of traditions and processes, a particular method, a peculiar style in design, and an equally peculiar taste in coloring —

all contributing to the representation of a national ideal existing in the minds of native artistsall contributing to the representation of a national ideal existing in the minds of native artists at the same time

However, the term cannot be used in this way to characterize English art,  42 1However, the term cannot be used in this way to characterize English art,

because there is an absence of any national tradition that strikes one most forcibly in studyingbecause there is an absence of any national tradition that strikes one most forcibly in studying English painting.

Each English painter seems to stand by himself - isolated from his brother artists. 36 0211Each English painter seems to stand by himself — isolated from his brother artists.

For the sake of brevity, all these separate manifestations are grouped together under the name ofFor the sake of brevity, all these separate manifestations are grouped together under the name of «English school of painting».

was fond of - любил childhood -детство being very talented –будучи очень талантливым To reflect- отображатьwas fond of — любил childhood -детство being very talented –будучи очень талантливым To reflect- отображать nature’s colors –цвета природы Sketch – набросок, этюд Landscape — пейзаж true to life- реалистично He is said to be – он считается direct observation –непосредственное наблюдение The French Impressionists — французские импрессионисты the Dutch masters — датские мастера

John Constable (1776 -1837) 4 C John Constable (1776 -1837)

was fond of the place where he was born and spent his childhood on the riverwas fond of the place where he was born and spent his childhood on the river Stour.

He saw very beautiful woods, greens in nature and, being very talented, reflected nature's colors inHe saw very beautiful woods, greens in nature and, being very talented, reflected nature’s colors in his sketches, which he then composed into pictures.

He painted the landscape without any changes and the trees or other objects were in hisHe painted the landscape without any changes and the trees or other objects were in his paintings very true to life.

He is said to be the first landscape painter in England 42 36 He is said to be the first landscape painter in England

His direct observation of nature, his free handling of paint ,  42 0 E 131401His direct observation of nature, his free handling of paint ,

the light-dews-breezes-bloom-and freshness of his landscape were revolutionary:  010203 0 E the «light-dews-breezes-bloom-and freshness» of his landscape were revolutionary:

his work leads from the Dutch masters of XVII century to the French Impressionists. 02 1his work leads from the Dutch masters of XVII century to the French Impressionists.

Genuine- истинный,  оригинальный in habits- по обычаям, по характеру by birth- по рождению social life-Genuine- истинный, оригинальный in habits- по обычаям, по характеру by birth- по рождению social life- жизнь общества was accompanied by satire- сопровождались сатирой down-to earth — приземленно the founder — основатель Caricature — карикатура the charm of childhood – очарование детства delicate colors – нежные цвета brilliantly — блестяще Disposition – место жительства

William Hogarth (1697 -1764) 5 A  William Hogarth (1697 -1764)

may be called the first genuine English artist - English in habits, disposition, and temperament, asmay be called the first genuine English artist — English in habits, disposition, and temperament, as well as by birth.

He is the first really original English artist 42  He is the first really original English artist

In his pictures he reflected social life 49  In his pictures he reflected social life

and in many of them the beauty of his paintings was accompanied by satire. 14130 Fand in many of them the beauty of his paintings was accompanied by satire.

The Marriage a la Mode,  2 F  The «Marriage a la Mode»,

The Election Entertainment were painted to show the life very satirically. 40 10  «The Election Entertainment» were painted to show the life very satirically.

His art is humorous, down-to earth and popular 42 His art is humorous, down-to earth and popular

He was the founder of English caricature.  42 He was the founder of English caricature.

The Pre-Raphaelite movement- движение прерафаэлитов Established- основаное dominated -доминировало concentrated on- концентрировались на Religious - религиозныйThe Pre-Raphaelite movement- движение прерафаэлитов Established- основаное dominated -доминировало concentrated on- концентрировались на Religious — религиозный Literary- литературный Genre — жанровый executed in – выполненный в Colorful – красочный, яркий minutely detailed – детальный, подробный Style- стиль second half of – вторая половина

The Pre-Raphaelite movement, established in the 1840 s, 2 F 01  The Pre-Raphaelite movement, established in the 1840 s,

dominated English art in the second half of the XIX century. 0 F 57  dominated English art in the second half of the XIX century.

Its members - 49  Its members —

William Holman Hunt, Dante Gabriel Rossetti John Everett Millais and others 5 A 4 C William Holman Hunt, Dante Gabriel Rossetti John Everett Millais and others

concentrated on religious, literary, and religious subjects,  1 C 0 E 05  concentrated on religious, literary, and religious subjects,

executed in a colorful and minutely detailed style 03 10  executed in a colorful and minutely detailed style

Bertruccio’s bride Hughes Bertruccio’s bride Hughes

Midnight eve Hughes Midnight eve Hughes

Hughes Night Hughes Night

Day Hughes Day Hughes

Idle tears Hughes Idle tears Hughes

Valkiria Hughes Valkiria Hughes

Isabella and her pot Hunt Isabella and her pot Hunt

 Monna Giovanna Monna Giovanna

Hunt Hunt

Hymn Hunt Hymn Hunt

Constable Constable

Constable Constable

Constable Constable

Constable Constable




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