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The Data Center of the Future Steve Duplessie Founder & Senior Analyst Enterprise Strategy The Data Center of the Future Steve Duplessie Founder & Senior Analyst Enterprise Strategy Group, Inc.

The data center of the future Application services Infrastructure services Compute services Network services The data center of the future Application services Infrastructure services Compute services Network services Data services

The data center of the future Application services The data center of the future Application services

Application services l Our reason for being l The tools our clients use to Application services l Our reason for being l The tools our clients use to do their jobs l The ONLY thing our client cares about (in terms of IT)

Application services (2) l In the data center of the future, application services are Application services (2) l In the data center of the future, application services are modules added, deleted and modified completely independently of the underlying infrastructure l Application services are assigned a “business value” – which tells the infrastructure the attributes necessary to comply with that service’s SLA

Application services (3) l The application services layer is COMPLETELY abstracted (and virtualized) from Application services (3) l The application services layer is COMPLETELY abstracted (and virtualized) from the infrastructure layers l Applications interface to the physical via APIs to call function – not to provide function outside of their intended use. We don’t even use volume manager anymore.

The data center of the future Application services Infrastructure services Compute services The data center of the future Application services Infrastructure services Compute services

Compute services l A collection of processors – blades most likely l Interconnected through Compute services l A collection of processors – blades most likely l Interconnected through the network services layer through both high- and lowspeed interconnects – IB and Ethernet (IP) near term, who knows (or cares) long term l The “grid” is capable of looking like anything – a single machine that looks like a lot of machines or a single machine comprised of many “component” machines - or any combination

Compute services (2) l Blades are: a) Disposable, b) Hot pluggable, and c) Never Compute services (2) l Blades are: a) Disposable, b) Hot pluggable, and c) Never obsolete l As long as they are operable, they are part of a pool of compute resources used by the “grid manager” l The grid manager controls the inventory of compute assets, assimilates virtual compute instances for periods of time, dictated by SLA requirements of the “application services manager” l The grid manager controls the liquidity of the server farm – how the server farm presents itself to the application services layer

The data center of the future Application services Infrastructure services Compute services Network services The data center of the future Application services Infrastructure services Compute services Network services

Network services Physical connectivity layer connecting everything to everything • • • Multiple current Network services Physical connectivity layer connecting everything to everything • • • Multiple current and future technologies (IP, IB, FC) Multiple concurrent protocol support (FC, SCSI, i. SCSI, FICON, IB) Smarts to know what’s what and why Smarts to utilize, provision, and provide true Qo. S (by individual application service) Intelligence lives here

Network services (2) Intelligence in the network • Smarts exist both here and at Network services (2) Intelligence in the network • Smarts exist both here and at the data services layer, with the heavy lifting happening at the network layer

Network services (3) The network will control: • • Macro data placement (what goes Network services (3) The network will control: • • Macro data placement (what goes on what, when) Volume management (who sees what) Data migration (routing) Replication Quality of Service to the application services layer ILM/DLM policy execution Backup/Recovery/DR • Security management

ESG research shows users want network-based services Source: ESG Research Report, “The Future of ESG research shows users want network-based services Source: ESG Research Report, “The Future of Network-Based Storage Intelligence, ” September 2004

Network services will enable ILM Source: ESG Research Report, “The Future of Network-Based Storage Network services will enable ILM Source: ESG Research Report, “The Future of Network-Based Storage Intelligence, ” September 2004

The data center of the future Application services Infrastructure services Compute services Network services The data center of the future Application services Infrastructure services Compute services Network services Data services

Data services l This is the physical storage layer, and the associated resource management, Data services l This is the physical storage layer, and the associated resource management, movement and protection l This is where ILM/DLM is real, not fantasy l Big issues: • • • Change management Data valuation Asset classification SLAs by application class (not infrastructure class) Information security

Data services – Storage tiers Tier 1: Enterprise disk (50 TB) Tier 2: FC Data services – Storage tiers Tier 1: Enterprise disk (50 TB) Tier 2: FC disk (NAS and SAN) (50 TB) Tier 3: i. SCSI/FC ATA/SATA/Other cheap disk (150 TB) Tier 4: Massive disk archive (1 PB) Tier 5: Deep archive tape & optical (multiple PBs) All tiers tied together via multiple protocol, super-intelligent switching platforms with high-end Qo. S capabilities (network services layer)

Common factors among tiers l All tiers fault-tolerant l All systems future proofed – Common factors among tiers l All tiers fault-tolerant l All systems future proofed – never get old - just get newly “tiered” l Tiers may have overlapped components l Access to each tier will include block, file AND object

Tier 1 l High-performance (perhaps not the highest) l Super-scale in 3 dimensions (capacity, Tier 1 l High-performance (perhaps not the highest) l Super-scale in 3 dimensions (capacity, I/O, throughput) l Mainframe AND open connectivity

Tier 2 l High-performance (probably the highest) l Will need to present single system Tier 2 l High-performance (probably the highest) l Will need to present single system image from small to huge – single box to many l Flexible capacity entry points

Tier 3 l Low-cost, idiot-proof, automatic add, management “free” – self-actualizing storage l ISCSI Tier 3 l Low-cost, idiot-proof, automatic add, management “free” – self-actualizing storage l ISCSI mandatory l Thousands of server connections

Tier 4 l Scale to multi-petabytes l Massive density – super low acquisition cost Tier 4 l Scale to multi-petabytes l Massive density – super low acquisition cost AND operating cost (power) l Kills the big tape library market

Tier 5 l Deep archive tape & optical – smaller libraries, bigger fatter cheaper Tier 5 l Deep archive tape & optical – smaller libraries, bigger fatter cheaper media l Performance is irrelevant (it almost is already) l 50 TB/cartridge plus l Will have to have object indexing offload right in the media – which will require standards

Example App 1 App 2 App 3 Infrastructure services Tier 1 Tier 2 Tier Example App 1 App 2 App 3 Infrastructure services Tier 1 Tier 2 Tier 4 Grid manager Network manager Tier 3 Tier 5 Data services manager

Storage manager skill requirements For the next 5 years: Control the baseline Build the Storage manager skill requirements For the next 5 years: Control the baseline Build the tiered infrastructure Connect everything to everything Master physical management Create classifications of infrastructure/data services l Create the cross-functional committee to determine application service “values” l Understand costs per class l l l

Storage manager skill requirements (2) After 5 years: l All infrastructure/data services WILL be Storage manager skill requirements (2) After 5 years: l All infrastructure/data services WILL be automated – traditional storage administrations services will have gone the way of the dodo. Any manual labor job is no longer in existence. There are no more tape guys. There are no more “sys admins” either. The box is smarter at the mundane than the human.

Storage manager skill requirements (3) After 5 years: l The “Data Services Manager” (DSM) Storage manager skill requirements (3) After 5 years: l The “Data Services Manager” (DSM) will be responsible for adding/removing/changing and integrating new technologies into the Liquid Infrastructure l The DSM will “monitor” SLAs, given to the application services layer – and make changes as needed. The DSM spends his/her time on creating and implementing POLICY changes.

Storage manager skill requirements (4) After 5 years: The upside l The upside for Storage manager skill requirements (4) After 5 years: The upside l The upside for the DSM is the network services layer. The critical smarts WILL execute in the network – so the DSM who speaks the networking language is in the driver’s seat – and owns ALL of the strategic responsibilities of the infrastructure – which is much more valuable than owning the tactical responsibilities. l THE LESSON: Get your networking act together. Now.

This has been done before! Application Services Infrastructure Services Compute Services Network Services Data This has been done before! Application Services Infrastructure Services Compute Services Network Services Data Services

Questions? Thank you! steved@enterprisestrategygroup. com 508 -482 -0188 Questions? Thank you! [email protected] com 508 -482 -0188