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The COUNTER Code of Practice for Books and Reference Works Peter Shepherd Project Director The COUNTER Code of Practice for Books and Reference Works Peter Shepherd Project Director COUNTER UKSG E-Books Seminar, 9 November 2005

Why COUNTER? n n Goal: credible, compatible, consistent publisher/vendor-generated statistics for the global information Why COUNTER? n n Goal: credible, compatible, consistent publisher/vendor-generated statistics for the global information community Libraries and consortia need online usage statistics n n To assess the value of different online products/services To support collection development To plan infrastructure Publishers need online usage statistics n n To experiment with new pricing models To assess the relative importance of the different channels by which information reaches the market To provide editorial support To plan infrastructure

What did we build on? n n n ICOLC Guidelines for statistical measurement of What did we build on? n n n ICOLC Guidelines for statistical measurement of usage of web-based information resources ARL E-metrics project National Commission on Libraries and Information Science (NCLIS) Electronic access and use-related measures n n n NISO – revision of Z 39. 7 (Library Statistics) ISO – revision of 2789 (library statistics) and 11563 (library performance measures) COUNTER (Counting Online Usage of Ne. Tworked Electronic Resources)

COUNTER: strategy n Respond to the requirements of the international librarian, publisher and intermediary COUNTER: strategy n Respond to the requirements of the international librarian, publisher and intermediary communities n n Limit scope of Release 1 to journals and databases Systematically extend scope of the Code of Practice n n n An open, inclusive and interactive process Representation of all three communities on COUNTER Horizontally, to cover other content types, such as e-books Vertically, to provide more detailed statistics on journals A cost effective-process for all parties involved

COUNTER Codes of Practice n n n n Definitions of terms used Specifications for COUNTER Codes of Practice n n n n Definitions of terms used Specifications for Usage Reports Data processing guidelines Auditing Compliance Maintenance and development of the Code of Practice Governance of COUNTER

Release 2: Journal Report 1 Release 2: Journal Report 1

COUNTER: Status n Journals and databases n n n n Release 1 Code of COUNTER: Status n Journals and databases n n n n Release 1 Code of Practice launched in January 2003 Release 2 was published in April 2005 60%+ of Science Citation Index articles now covered A widely adopted standard by publishers and librarians Librarians use in collection development decisions Publishers use in marketing to prove ‘value’ Now being used to develop other metrics and monitor trends Books and reference works n n n Draft Code of Practice published in February 2005 Relevant usage metrics less clear than for journals Different issues than for journals n n Direct comparisons between books less relevant Understanding how different categories of book are used is more relevant

COUNTER –based metrics n Growth in article downloads n n n Publisher A: 12%- COUNTER –based metrics n Growth in article downloads n n n Publisher A: 12%- 208% B: 12%- 59% C: 23%- 154% D: 22%- 81% Cost per download n n Publisher A: £ 0. 97 - £ 5. 26 B: £ 0. 70 - £ 2. 91 C: £ 0. 80 - £ 3. 29 D: £ 0. 45 - £ 2. 26

Draft Code of Practice for books n n n Covers online books, encyclopaedias, reference Draft Code of Practice for books n n n Covers online books, encyclopaedias, reference works Developed by a task force of publishers and librarians with expertise in online books Comments on draft will be accepted through December 2005 Focus Group held at Charleston Conference on 3 November Final version will be published in early 2006

Draft Code of Practice for books n Book Report 1 n n Book Report Draft Code of Practice for books n Book Report 1 n n Book Report 2 n n Turnaways by month and title Book Report 4 n n Number of successful section requests by month and title Book Report 3 n n Number of successful requests by month and title Total searches and sessions by month and title Book Report 5 n Total searches and sessions by month and service

Draft Code of Practice for books n Unit of access may include n n Draft Code of Practice for books n Unit of access may include n n n Entire book Chapter, entry (‘Section’) Page Paragraph Access depends on interface and organization of content n n n Entire book may be one PDF Each chapter may have own PDF Reference works may be organized by topic or section

Data processing guidelines n Only valid requests counted n n n Return Code 200 Data processing guidelines n Only valid requests counted n n n Return Code 200 (OK) Return Code 304 (Not modified) Filter out multiple successive clicks on same link by same user n n 10 seconds for html 30 seconds for PDF

Who counts full text requests? n Q: Who counts full text requests? n n Who counts full text requests? n Q: Who counts full text requests? n n n Publisher? Aggregator? E-journal gateway? Link resolver? A: The party that delivers the full text to the user.

Delivery of usage reports n n n CSV, Excel or a file that can Delivery of usage reports n n n CSV, Excel or a file that can be imported into Excel (XML is also an option) On a password controlled website E-mail alert of availability of updated reports Provide reports monthly New reports available within 4 weeks of end of reporting period Current and previous calendar year’s data available

Audit n n Required within 18 months of compliance; annually thereafter Independent auditor Online Audit n n Required within 18 months of compliance; annually thereafter Independent auditor Online audit Audit will check each report for n n Layout (correct rows, columns, headings) Format (CSV or Excel) Delivery (E-mail alert, access on password-controlled website) Accuracy (Tolerance is -8% to +2%)

Looking ahead: other important metrics n Link activity n n n Year of publication Looking ahead: other important metrics n Link activity n n n Year of publication n n Journal article, book, chapter, video, soundtrack…… Article level data? n n Use and value of backfiles Type of material n n Where users come from and go to Target and type of target Volume versus value; applications of the data COUNTER is moving towards E-resource Codes of Practice

Understanding usage n Usage statistics are an important tool n n If reliable If Understanding usage n Usage statistics are an important tool n n If reliable If widely implemented by publishers If widely adopted by customers A useful check on other approaches n n Interviews Focus groups Case studies User surveys n n Publisher Library

COUNTER Membership n Member Categories and Annual Fees (2006) n n n Publishers/intermediaries: $775 COUNTER Membership n Member Categories and Annual Fees (2006) n n n Publishers/intermediaries: $775 Library Consortia: $515 Libraries: $387 Industry organization: $387 Library affiliate: $156 (non-voting member) Benefits of full membership n n n Owner of COUNTER with voting rights at annual general meeting, etc. Regular bulletins on progress Opportunity to receive advice on implementation

For more information………. http: //www. projectcounter. org Thank you! Peter Shepherd (Project Director) pshepherd@project. For more information………. http: //www. projectcounter. org Thank you! Peter Shepherd (Project Director) [email protected] Counter. org