Скачать презентацию The Built Environment West African Architecture Mande Nabdam Скачать презентацию The Built Environment West African Architecture Mande Nabdam

bb269ee78983426fae42b1b002c8a07a.ppt

  • Количество слайдов: 39

The Built Environment: West African Architecture: Mande, Nabdam, Ganvie, Bamileke; Igbo; and Afro-Brazilian To The Built Environment: West African Architecture: Mande, Nabdam, Ganvie, Bamileke; Igbo; and Afro-Brazilian To explore how the built environment shapes, expresses or reflects the ecology, culture, and history of the various West African peoples -To demonstrate the variety and types of architecture that exists in the sub-region -To identify the diversity of materials used in the creation of African architecture in general

Mande Architecture Characteristics: Mud architecture with buttresses and parapets called toron Found throughout the Mande Architecture Characteristics: Mud architecture with buttresses and parapets called toron Found throughout the Mande world—Mali, Ivory coast and Burkina Faso Structures include tombs of religious leaders, and Mosques Structures have minarets that towers above their roofs

Djenne Mosque, Djenne, Mali, adobe bricks, Completed in 1907 after the original 14 th Djenne Mosque, Djenne, Mali, adobe bricks, Completed in 1907 after the original 14 th century model

Village Mosque at Kawara, Ivory Coast, Mande Architecture Village Mosque at Kawara, Ivory Coast, Mande Architecture

Tomb of Askia Mohammed, (1493 -1529) Mali Tomb of Askia Mohammed, (1493 -1529) Mali

Sankore Mosque at Timbuktu, Mali, Originally built in 1300 AD Periodically revamped Since the Sankore Mosque at Timbuktu, Mali, Originally built in 1300 AD Periodically revamped Since the 14 th century

Mosque at Dougouba, Mali Mosque at Dougouba, Mali

Walata, Nabdam and Hausa Found in Mauritania; Ghana and Northern Nigeria Architecture made from Walata, Nabdam and Hausa Found in Mauritania; Ghana and Northern Nigeria Architecture made from stone and covered with mud Houses have two stories, flat roofs and interior courtyards Exterior walls painted with red ocher, doors and windows decorated with curvilinear patterns Interior of rooms painted with white and red motifs Motifs inspired by Arabic scripts and referred to as Arabesque Mostly painted by Women

Courtyard, Mauritania Courtyard, Mauritania

Interior of the home of the Mayor of Walata with Arabesque decorations, Mauritania Interior of the home of the Mayor of Walata with Arabesque decorations, Mauritania

Arabesque decorations, Mauritania Arabesque decorations, Mauritania

Façade of a Hausa compound decorated in low relief and paints, Zaria, Nigeria Façade of a Hausa compound decorated in low relief and paints, Zaria, Nigeria

Relief decorations on mud walls, Hausa Architecture, Zaria, Nigeria Relief decorations on mud walls, Hausa Architecture, Zaria, Nigeria

Frafra Compound, Painted Mud walls, Northern Ghana Frafra Compound, Painted Mud walls, Northern Ghana

Frafra painted house, pigments on mud walls, Ghana Frafra painted house, pigments on mud walls, Ghana

Granary with prefabricated roof Being raised into position Granary with prefabricated roof Being raised into position

Ground plan of Frafra compound Ground plan of Frafra compound

Toguna—Men’s Meeting House--Mali Toguna—Men’s Meeting House--Mali

Dogon Toguna with carved pillars, Mali Dogon Toguna with carved pillars, Mali

Dogon Toguna, Carved wood, millet, stone and mud, Mali Dogon Toguna, Carved wood, millet, stone and mud, Mali

Bamileke—Cameroon Made by the Bamileke peoples in the Cameroon Grassland Houses are constructed from Bamileke—Cameroon Made by the Bamileke peoples in the Cameroon Grassland Houses are constructed from palm reeds, bamboo, leaves and wood Wood used in creating wooden structures that adorn the exterior of the building Mat woven from vegetable fibers used to create movable partitions inside the house Thatched roofs, no windows, low doors and raised thresholds

Interior courtyard of the palace showing carved pillars Foumba, Bamum, Cameroon Interior courtyard of the palace showing carved pillars Foumba, Bamum, Cameroon

Framework of a square house ready for thatching, Cameroon Framework of a square house ready for thatching, Cameroon

Ganvie, Republic of Benin “The African Venice” Ganvie, Republic of Benin “The African Venice”

Ganvie Village, D. R. Benin Ganvie Village, D. R. Benin

Stilt House, Ganvie Village, D. R. Benin Stilt House, Ganvie Village, D. R. Benin

Ganvie Villiage, D. R. Benin Ganvie Villiage, D. R. Benin

Afro-Portuguese Impulses: Baroque inspired architecture created by returnees Who settled in Lagos Nigeria, Freetown, Afro-Portuguese Impulses: Baroque inspired architecture created by returnees Who settled in Lagos Nigeria, Freetown, Sierra Leone Characterized by elaborate façade with intricate decorative patterns Later evolved into animated/figurative images To communicate status

Central Mosque, Afro-Portuguese Baroque Architecture, Joao Baptist Da Costa, 1908 -1913, Lagos, Nigeria Central Mosque, Afro-Portuguese Baroque Architecture, Joao Baptist Da Costa, 1908 -1913, Lagos, Nigeria

Adjavon House, Afro-Portuguese Baroque Architecture, Wydah, D. R. Benin Adjavon House, Afro-Portuguese Baroque Architecture, Wydah, D. R. Benin

Americo-Liberian Architecture Created by returnees; missionaries and administrators Characteristics: Two-story structures Constructed of wood, Americo-Liberian Architecture Created by returnees; missionaries and administrators Characteristics: Two-story structures Constructed of wood, tin/zinc Mostly on stilts with veranda surrounding the first two floors

Macon Hall House, Fortsville, Liberia, Late 19 th century. Wood and Tin Macon Hall House, Fortsville, Liberia, Late 19 th century. Wood and Tin

Igbo Mbari Houses Architecture created in response to urgent environmental and social issues/concerns A Igbo Mbari Houses Architecture created in response to urgent environmental and social issues/concerns A communal endeavor erected as shrines in veneration of Ala, the Earth Goddess Created with mud with representational images to depict scenes of everyday lives that might parody, critique, mirror, and or chronicle social events Sculptures are panted with uli decorative patterns

Igbo Mbari House, Ala flanked by her children, Igboland, Nigeria Painted mud, 20 th Igbo Mbari House, Ala flanked by her children, Igboland, Nigeria Painted mud, 20 th century

Igbo Mbari House to Ala, the Earth Goddess, Adobe and wood, 20 th century Igbo Mbari House to Ala, the Earth Goddess, Adobe and wood, 20 th century

Doors, Windows and House Posts Doors, Windows and House Posts

Door, Igbo, Wood, Early 20 th century Door, Igbo, Wood, Early 20 th century

Door, Olowe, Wood, Yoruba 1910 -1914 Door, Olowe, Wood, Yoruba 1910 -1914

Verandah Posts, Olowe, Wood, Yoruba, 1910 -1914 Verandah Posts, Olowe, Wood, Yoruba, 1910 -1914