Скачать презентацию The Biological Warfare Threat Col Randy Larsen USAF Скачать презентацию The Biological Warfare Threat Col Randy Larsen USAF

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The Biological Warfare Threat Col Randy Larsen, USAF (Ret. ) A Public Service Research The Biological Warfare Threat Col Randy Larsen, USAF (Ret. ) A Public Service Research Institute Serving The National Interest Since 1958

Determining the Threat Determining the Threat

Biological Warfare Nov. 16, 1997: Defense Secretary William Cohen holds up a five-pound bag Biological Warfare Nov. 16, 1997: Defense Secretary William Cohen holds up a five-pound bag of sugar on ABC's This Week. A similar amount of Anthrax could destroy half the population of Washington.

Lethality With ideal conditions (a clear, calm night) a single aircraft, using an efficient Lethality With ideal conditions (a clear, calm night) a single aircraft, using an efficient aerosol generator to dispense 100 kg of anthrax spores, could adequately cover a 300 km 2 area and inflict between 1, 000 and 3, 000 deaths. OUTLINE OF WASHINGTON, DC 300 km 2 1, 000 – 3, 000 Source: US Congress Office of Technology Assessment, Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction: Assessing the Risks, August 1993, pg. 54.

Believers The one that scares me to death, perhaps even more so than tactical Believers The one that scares me to death, perhaps even more so than tactical nuclear weapons, and the one we have the least capability against is biological weapons. General Colin Powell, 1993 Source: Testimony of Gen. Colin Powell, US Congress, House Committee on Armed Services, Hearings on National Defense Authorization Act FYI 1994 - H. R. 2401, 103 rd Cong. , 1 st session. , H 201– 33 (Washington, D. C. : Government Printing Office, 1993): 112.

Believers (Cont. ) Bioterrorism is the single most dangerous threat to U. S. national Believers (Cont. ) Bioterrorism is the single most dangerous threat to U. S. national security in the foreseeable future. R. James Woolsey, Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, 1993 -1995

Believers (Cont. ) Today one man can make war. A lucky bio buffoon could Believers (Cont. ) Today one man can make war. A lucky bio buffoon could kill 400, 000 people. Dr. Joshua Lederberg For more information: Visit the National Library of Medicine's Profiles in Science website on Dr. Lederberg: www. profiles. nlm. nih. gov/BB/Views/Exhibit/bw. html

Soviet Union’s BW Program Colonel (Dr. ) Kanjatan Alibekov Dr. Ken Alibek Soviet Union’s BW Program Colonel (Dr. ) Kanjatan Alibekov Dr. Ken Alibek

Live Agent Tests Live Agent Tests

Credible Threat? Credible Threat?

Human “Testing” Sverdlovsk April 2, 1979 Aerosol Release of Less Than One Gram of Human “Testing” Sverdlovsk April 2, 1979 Aerosol Release of Less Than One Gram of Anthrax Spores 96 People Infected 66 Died of Pulmonary Anthrax Villages With Numerous Cases of Animal Anthrax 10 Kilometers

Aerial Dissemination Aerial Dissemination

Gulf War Threat Gulf War Threat

Force Disposition Force Disposition

Atmospheric Conditions Atmospheric Conditions

Bio Vulnerability Bio Vulnerability

Biological Weapons Ø Agent Acquisition ØProduction ØWeaponization ØDelivery March 3, 1999: Dr. William Patrick Biological Weapons Ø Agent Acquisition ØProduction ØWeaponization ØDelivery March 3, 1999: Dr. William Patrick attempts to illustrate how easy it is to launch biological agents at a House committee meeting.

Applied to this Equation Applied to this Equation

Respond vs. React Respond vs. React

Education ØFirst Responders ØMeteorological Conditions ØDefense Against Low-Tech ØLow-Cost Defense Education ØFirst Responders ØMeteorological Conditions ØDefense Against Low-Tech ØLow-Cost Defense

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