- Количество слайдов: 20
Tanker Visions – A Class Act Presented by Igor Ponomarev IACS Chairman IACS
IACS: 10 Members - ABS - AMERICAN BUREAU OF SHIPPING - BV - BUREAU VERITAS - CCS - CHINA CLASSIFICATION SOCIETY - DNV - DET NORSKE VERITAS - GL - GERMANISCHER LLOYD - KR - KOREAN REGISTER OF SHIPPING - LR - LLOYD'S REGISTER OF SHIPPING - NK - NIPPON KAIJI KYOKAI - RINA - REGISTRO ITALIANO NAVALE - RS - RUSSIAN MARITIME REGISTER OF SHIPPING (Chairing Society 01. 07. 2001 – 30. 06. 2002) IACS
IACS History 11 th September 1968 The Association was founded at a meeting at the office of Germanischer Lloyd in Hamburg by: American Bureau of Shipping Bureau Veritas Det Norske Veritas Germanischer Lloyd's Register of Shipping Nippon Kaiji Kyokai Registro Italiano Navale IACS
IACS History 10 th – 11 th June 1969 1 st Council Meeting 29 th October 1969 IACS - consultative status with IMCO 1 st November 1969 USSR Register of Shipping became a Member. 1 st September 1975 Korean Register of Shipping became an Associate. 31 st May 1988 China Classification Society became a Member. 31 st May 1988 Korean Register of Shipping became a Member. 3 rd June 1991 Decision made in principle to set up a Permanent Secretariat. IACS
IACS History 4 th - 6 th June 1991 IACS Quality System Certification Scheme agreed. 1 st April 1992 Mr J. D. Bell appointed as the first Permanent Secretary. 1 st July 1992 IACS Permanent Secretariat formally established in London. 1 st July 1999 Mr R M Bradley succeeded Mr J D Bell as IACS Permanent Secretary IACS
IACS Charter The purpose of the International Association of Classification Societies (IACS) is: - to work towards the improvement of standards of safety at sea and the prevention of pollution of the marine environment, - to provide for communications and co-operation with relevant international and national maritime organisations and - to co-operate closely with marine industries of the world. Each Member Society is to promote the aims which IACS the Association holds in common.
IACS Criteria of Membership Member status is the subject to compliance with the following minimum conditions: - 30 years experience as a classification society with own rules - Classed fleet of not less than 1500 ocean-going vessels (over 100 Gross Tonnage) with an aggregate total of not less than 8 million Gross Tonnage. - Professional Staff of 150 exclusive surveyors and 100 technical specialists all of whom should be qualified and trained in accordance with IACS Procedures Continued… IACS
IACS Criteria of Membership - Possession of a valid IACS Quality System Certificate of Conformity. - Observance of Code of Ethics IACS
IACS: Main Activities -Global programme of technical work: This rolling programme is undertaken by seven permanent working parties: "Fire Protection & Safety", "Subdivision, Stability and Load lines", "Strength", "Materials & Welding", "Survey, Reporting & Certification", "Machinery" and "Electricity". In addition, Ad-hoc Groups and Correspondence Groups are established to accomplish specific tasks and are stood down when the tasks are completed. -About 180 technical projects are in progress : The outcome of each task is submitted for IACS' higher level approval. Resolutions (Unified Requirements, Unified Interpretations, Procedural Requirements and Recommendations) are formally adopted by the IACS Council. Unified Interpretations are submitted to the International Maritime Organization (IMO). Unified Requirements and Procedural Requirements are posted on the IACS web site IACS
IACS Structure IACS
IACS Initiatives: - Transfer of Class Agreement (TOCA) - Reinforcing the Enhanced Survey Programme (ESP) -The introduction of unified scantling standards, for both bulk carriers and oil tankers, remains a key objective for IACS - Transfer of Management Systems (TOMS) procedures IACS
IACS Initiatives A tougher TOCA: The IACS Transfer of Class Agreement – designed to allow for traceability of ship’s class and secondarily to prevent owners “class-hopping” – is reinforced by requiring the “gaining society” in a class transfer to perform a Special Survey or Intermediate Survey (whichever is due next) for ESP ships of 15 years and over. A Special Survey is obligatory for any vessel of 20 years and over. In addition, the new TOCA requires the transfer, to the gaining society, of the ship’s classification survey history. IACS
IACS Initiatives Enhanced Survey Programme (ESP): The ESP applies to bulk carriers, tankers and chemical tankers. It has been reinforced by requiring Intermediate Surveys with an extended scope, matching that of the preceding Special Survey (including drydocking or underwater survey, as applicable) for ships exceeding 15 years of age. The tougher ESP regime is being introduced through new editions of the IACS Unified Requirements Z 10. 1, Z 10. 2 and Z 10. 3, dealing with oil tankers, bulk carriers and chemical tankers respectively. IACS
New IACS Initiatives DEVELOPING REQUIREMENTS FOR NEW BULK CARRIERS AND TANKERS Major IACS objective - unified scantling standards for both bulk carriers and oil tankers. Important work, involving the collection and analysis of over half a million sets of corrosion data, was completed last year. This data is now being applied, together with new data on sea wave loads, to develop new scantling requirements based on the net scantlings approach. IACS
New IACS Initiatives Unification of scantling standards: Develop uniform requirements for minimum scantlings for different vessel types. The first phase involves evaluation of two specific vessels to determine the minimum required scantlings by each member Society. The second phase uses the results of the first phase to develop a work program for the development of unified minimum standards for scantlings. In the final phase, evaluation studies will be performed to develop unified standards for minimum midship scantlings for various, specific vessel types. The work program for the second and third phases are IACS presently general.
New IACS Initiatives New UR Z 10. 4 for Double Hull Oil Tankers Unified Requirement for Enhanced Surveys of Double Hull Tankers along the lines of UR Z 10. 1 but tailored to the structural configuration of double hull tankers and other features which distinguish double hull tankers from single hull tankers and with a view to submitting the outcome to IMO for incorporation in future amendments of A. 744(18). New UR Z 10. 4 was adopted by Council and submitted to DE 45. No deliberation was made on IACS submission of Z 10. 4 at DE 45. It will be left to DE 46 IACS
New IACS Initiatives New PR on detailing the methodology and criteria for structural assessment at 3 rd and subsequent special surveys. Develop a UR or PR detailing the methodology and criteria for Structural Assessment of hull girder strength, local strength and fatigue checks of tankers, subject to URs Z 10. 1 and Z 10. 3, at the 3 rd and the subsequent Special Surveys. Outcome is under GPG consideration. IACS
New IACS Initiatives CAS survey - Model Survey Plan The paper entitled "Condition Assessment Scheme - Survey Planning document" has been submitted to MEPC 47 (jointly by IACS and INTERTANKO). CAS Survey Plan covers the minimum extent of overall surveys, close-up surveys, thickness measurements and pressure testing within the Cargo Area, all Ballast tanks including Fore and Aft Peak Tanks in accordance with the requirements laid down in MEPC Resolution 94(46). An MEPC Circular was adopted for the purpose of getting the plan in place for use in the immediate future. The plan was also made subject to a formal amendment to MEPC Res. 94(46) and will become effective at MEPC 48 provided IACS no comments from IMO members are received.
New IACS Initiatives Harmonization of IACS UR Z 10. 1 and Z 10. 2 with IMO Res. A 744(18), as previously amended and as amended by IMO MSC 105(73) and MSC 108(73) (These amendments enter into force 1 July 2002). Revision of UR Z 10. 3 (chemical tankers) as well with respect to the intermediate dry-docking requirement, without inclusion of the requirement to evaluation of longitudinal strength. The relevant changes to UR Z 10. 1 are based on the proposed amendments to IMO Res A 744(18) ( MSC 74/24/Add 1 -Annex 17). See also IACS submission DE 44/13/1. These amendments will enter into force 1 January 2004. IACS
IACS Policy • • To provide leading technical expertise To communicate with the industry To share the lessons learnt To be responsible for what IACS share of responsibility is IACS