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Systems Engineering in Societal Contexts ISM 101 Thursday, March 7, 2013 Patrick E. Mantey Systems Engineering in Societal Contexts ISM 101 Thursday, March 7, 2013 Patrick E. Mantey

Systems Engineering in Societal Contexts Systems: Information and Sensor Systems Contexts: social, legal, regulatory, Systems Engineering in Societal Contexts Systems: Information and Sensor Systems Contexts: social, legal, regulatory, etc. (not traditional “engineering” domain)

Systems Engineering in Societal Contexts Systems: Information and Sensor Systems Contexts: social, legal, regulatory, Systems Engineering in Societal Contexts Systems: Information and Sensor Systems Contexts: social, legal, regulatory, etc. (not traditional “engineering” domain) Examples: Energy/ Sustainability /Environment “Smart Grid” (including “Smart Meters”)

Systems Engineering in Societal Contexts Systems: Information and Sensor Systems Contexts: social, legal, regulatory, Systems Engineering in Societal Contexts Systems: Information and Sensor Systems Contexts: social, legal, regulatory, etc. (not traditional “engineering” domain) Examples: Energy/ Sustainability /Environment “Smart Grid” (including “Smart Meters”) Medical Care and Information Technology Telemedicine, Electronic Medical Records

Systems Engineering in Societal Contexts Systems: Information and Sensor Systems Contexts: social, legal, regulatory, Systems Engineering in Societal Contexts Systems: Information and Sensor Systems Contexts: social, legal, regulatory, etc. (not traditional “engineering” domain) Examples: Energy/ Sustainability /Environment “Smart Grid” (including “Smart Meters”) Medical Care and Information Technology Telemedicine, Electronic Medical Records Education: Classroom Technology

Systems Engineering in Societal Contexts Systems: Information and Sensor Systems Contexts: social, legal, regulatory, Systems Engineering in Societal Contexts Systems: Information and Sensor Systems Contexts: social, legal, regulatory, etc. (not traditional “engineering” domain) Examples: Energy/ Sustainability /Environment “Smart Grid” (including “Smart Meters”) Medical Care and Information Technology Telemedicine, Electronic Medical Records Education: Classroom Technology Internet: content delivery for education, entertainment, communications

Systems Engineering in Societal Contexts Systems: Information and Sensor Systems Contexts: social, legal, regulatory, Systems Engineering in Societal Contexts Systems: Information and Sensor Systems Contexts: social, legal, regulatory, etc. (not traditional “engineering” domain) Examples: Energy/ Sustainability /Environment “Smart Grid” (including “Smart Meters”) Medical Care and Information Technology Telemedicine, Electronic Medical Records Education: Classroom Technology Internet: content delivery for education, entertainment, communications Technology and Information Management

Some st 21 Century Challenges Aging Population Costs of Medical Care Deteriorating Infrastructure (electric Some st 21 Century Challenges Aging Population Costs of Medical Care Deteriorating Infrastructure (electric grid, bridges, . . ) Vulnerability to Sabotage, Natural Disasters Higher Educations : Costs / Delivery

Outline Earlier Days …IBM Research Technology Trends CITRIS Smart Grid EMR / Medical Information Outline Earlier Days …IBM Research Technology Trends CITRIS Smart Grid EMR / Medical Information Exchange Multimedia / Internet: teleconferencing, streaming Classroom and Education Technology and Information Management Network Management and Operations (NMO) Lab

My IBM Days Technical accomplishments in: Power system modeling and control Digital relaying / My IBM Days Technical accomplishments in: Power system modeling and control Digital relaying / event location Process control (Au “pot-line”) Geo-data Analysis and Display System Spatial operators in SQL Decision Support Systems Advanced Image Processing System (Hacienda / IBM 7350) Prototype personal workstation / graphics display Raster printing “View and Shop” Arithmetic coding Image and record management / visual info ->”Content Manger” Others: hiring, managing lots of great people

Environment: 1970’s – 1980’s Storage Displays Raster Graphics Minicomputers Ethernet / Internet Geometry Engine Environment: 1970’s – 1980’s Storage Displays Raster Graphics Minicomputers Ethernet / Internet Geometry Engine VLSI microprocessors Memory price decline

Challenges in those “Old Days” Slow processors Multipliers slow and expensive Computer memory very Challenges in those “Old Days” Slow processors Multipliers slow and expensive Computer memory very expensive Storage = tape Very limited network bandwidth A to D converters (ADC) < ksps

Processor Performance http: //www. singularity. com/charts/page 64. html Processor Performance http: //www. singularity. com/charts/page 64. html

MIPS http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Instructions_per_second MIPS http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Instructions_per_second

MIPS http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Instructions_per_second MIPS http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Instructions_per_second

Technology Trends 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 CPU (mips) 0. 1 2 LAN (Mbps) Technology Trends 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 CPU (mips) 0. 1 2 LAN (Mbps) 3 10 10 300 100 1000 Disk (PC -- MB) 10 50 1000 50000 Disk capacity increase 5000 : 1 for less $

Recent History and Today (40 GBytes $89 at Fry’s 8/04/01) (now get 1 (or Recent History and Today (40 GBytes $89 at Fry’s 8/04/01) (now get 1 (or 2) TBytes for this price …)

Computer Memory Trends Memory Price (1 MByte) 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 Computer Memory Trends Memory Price (1 MByte) 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2010 $1 M $100 K $50 K $10 K $2 K $10 14¢ <2¢ 7, 140, 000 : 1 over 30 years 128 MByte Di. MM for $28 (Fry’s August 8/04/01) 4 GBytes for $75 (Fry’s August 11/04/10)

Computer Memory Trends Memory Price (1 MByte) 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 Computer Memory Trends Memory Price (1 MByte) 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2013 $1 M $100 K $50 K $10 K $2 K $10 14¢ <2¢ <1 ¢ 7, 140, 000 : 1 over 30 years 128 MByte Di. MM for $28 (Fry’s August 8/04/01) 4 GBytes for $75 (Fry’s August 11/04/10) TODAY 16 Gbytes for $89

1960’s Exciting Applications Digital Control / Instrumentation Audio and sub-audio Military (SAGE Air Defense) 1960’s Exciting Applications Digital Control / Instrumentation Audio and sub-audio Military (SAGE Air Defense) X-Y Digital Plotters (Bresenham) CAD for Automobile Design, Aerospace IBM 2250 for GM Sketchpad (Sutherland, MIT) Medical Applications (CAT, NMR) NASA Remote Sensing (ATS, GOES) Computer Games (e. g. Space War – MIT )

Technology: 1970’s – 1980’s Raster Graphics (Bit-mapped displays vs. character) Minicomputers Ethernet / Internet Technology: 1970’s – 1980’s Raster Graphics (Bit-mapped displays vs. character) Minicomputers Ethernet / Internet Geometry Engine VLSI

1970’s – 1980’s Command Control Systems Geographic Information Systems Decision Support Systems Computer Workstations 1970’s – 1980’s Command Control Systems Geographic Information Systems Decision Support Systems Computer Workstations Personal Computers Relational Database

Today Low costs (Moore’s Law etc. ) of Processor capacity Memory Disk storage Network Today Low costs (Moore’s Law etc. ) of Processor capacity Memory Disk storage Network bandwidth Scanners / digital cameras are inexpensive Dense packaging / portable devices Many more “computer” applications are economically feasible

Today Smart Phones Smart Grid (? ? ) Autonomous Vehicle Google “Smart Car” Nissan Today Smart Phones Smart Grid (? ? ) Autonomous Vehicle Google “Smart Car” Nissan http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=JKy. Qz. Fv. FSiw etc.

An unrelenting commitment to “Touching the lives of Californians” UC BERKELEY UC DAVIS UC An unrelenting commitment to “Touching the lives of Californians” UC BERKELEY UC DAVIS UC MERCED UC SANTA CRUZ

The story behind CITRIS California’s economic growth from 1960 s onward was fueled by The story behind CITRIS California’s economic growth from 1960 s onward was fueled by inventiveness in the information technology sector and, later, the biotech industries 1998/9, Governor Davis and UC President Atkinson pose the question “What’s next to ensure growth”? RFPs launched in 1999/2000 for the California Institutes of Science and Innovation (CISIs) CITRIS funded to use Information Technology for societal scale challenges in energy & environment, healthcare, infrastructures, and new media.

CITRIS http: //www. citris-uc. org/about/mission CITRIS http: //www. citris-uc. org/about/mission

CITRIS: The Center for Information Technology Research in the Interest of Society Core Technologies CITRIS: The Center for Information Technology Research in the Interest of Society Core Technologies • Distributed Info Systems • Micro sensors and actuators • Human-Computer Interaction • Prototype Deployment Applications • Quality-of-Life Emphasis • Initially Leverage Existing Expertise on campuses Foundations • Security, Policy • Probabilistic Systems • Formal Techniques • Data management • Simulation

CITRIS Research Theme Areas Energy and the Environment Intelligent Infrastructure Healthcare Delivery Education New CITRIS Research Theme Areas Energy and the Environment Intelligent Infrastructure Healthcare Delivery Education New Media

IT and Healthcare Delivery California Telehealth Network Sensor Networks / Monitoring Technology Personal Health IT and Healthcare Delivery California Telehealth Network Sensor Networks / Monitoring Technology Personal Health Assistance

The California Telehealth Network Wireless Home Health Care Implantable Glucose Monitor UC Davis Care The California Telehealth Network Wireless Home Health Care Implantable Glucose Monitor UC Davis Care for >3 million rural and urban Californians in >800 clinics Over $35 million in funding ($22. 6 M from the FCC) Test bed for future research in wireless and new medical devices

The Marvell Lab’s Impact on Society First Integrated 2 -axis Gyro at Berkeley Sunil The Marvell Lab’s Impact on Society First Integrated 2 -axis Gyro at Berkeley Sunil A. Bhave, Joseph I. Seeger, Xuesong Jiang, Bernhard E. Boser, Roger T. Howe, and John Yasaitis, 2003 Commercial 2 -axis Gyro by Invensense IDG-400 http: //www. anirbanexpertconsulting. com/ Marvelous%20 MEMS. pdf Joseph Seeger, Co-Founder, Ivensense (Grad student at Berkeley until 2003) Steve Glaser, Diagnosis of Parkinson disease

Personalization of Healthcare using IT Novel interventions for motivating teenagers to exercise will help Personalization of Healthcare using IT Novel interventions for motivating teenagers to exercise will help address a national health problem in weight-related issues and diabetes UC Davis + UC Berkeley UC Santa Cruz Increased rehabilitation for inherited mental impairment (Fragile X): from SCHEME meetings at UCD and supported by CITRIS Seed funds “Get people interested and absorbed through entertainment: achieve health and/or education as a result”

http: //nmo. soe. ucsc. edu/home http: //nmo. soe. ucsc. edu/home

CITRIS Santa Cruz Top Projects: Network Management and Operations (NMO) Lab NMO Lab Student CITRIS Santa Cruz Top Projects: Network Management and Operations (NMO) Lab NMO Lab Student Statistics Total Number of Student Interns: 30 Current Student Interns: 10 Graduate Students: 5 Undergraduate Students: 5 Previous Student Interns: 20 Graduate Students: 5 Undergraduate Students: 15

CITRIS Santa Cruz Energy and the Environment The Center for Sustainable Energy and Power CITRIS Santa Cruz Energy and the Environment The Center for Sustainable Energy and Power Systems (Cen. SEPS) The Center is to promote and integrate the use of renewable energy technology to create sustainable communities and renewable energy districts, as well addressing “smart-grid” technologies focused on energy use management for residential and small business / agribusiness. CITRIS at Santa Cruz, via Director Mantey, is actively involved with the creation of Cen. SEPS. CITRIS co-sponsored the Energy Storage Workshop, in partnership with the Danish Agency for Science, Technology, and Innovation, April 29 -30, 2010, and which included participation from Silicon Valley industry representatives and UC faculty members and researchers. The Cen. SEPS project: Engineering and Societal Investigations to Initiate Renewable Energy for the Santa Cruz Municipal Wharf (Prof. John Vesecky et al. ) was recently been awarded a CITRIS seed grant. The goal of this project is to create a sustainable power system that would make the Santa Cruz Wharf self-sufficient in energy and a prototype for other coastal communities.

Education and IT Use technological advances to enhance education Classroom Collateral material Distant students Education and IT Use technological advances to enhance education Classroom Collateral material Distant students Multimedia technology

Dimensions of Multimedia Capture Content Management / Storage Database of text, image, audio, video, Dimensions of Multimedia Capture Content Management / Storage Database of text, image, audio, video, etc. Retrieval Image Query Display(s) Multi/tiled Large Dynamics / sources / compatibilities Printing Networking

Telepresence - “Killer App” ? ? Hewlett Packard (“Halo”) http: //www. hp. com/halo/index. html Telepresence - “Killer App” ? ? Hewlett Packard (“Halo”) http: //www. hp. com/halo/index. html Microsoft (“Conference. XP”) http: //research. microsoft. com/conferencexp/ Cisco Systems http: //www. cisco. com/en/US/netsol/ns 669/networking_solutio ns_solution_segment_home. html Cisco Unveils Umi Videoconferencing Phone for HDTV October 6, 2010

TV -- past NTSC (US “standard”) TV (4: 3) 30 frames/sec, Analog uses ~ TV -- past NTSC (US “standard”) TV (4: 3) 30 frames/sec, Analog uses ~ 6 MHz bandwidth (includes 1 MHz guard band) ~525 lines (of ~ 720 pixels each) Digitized (use 8 bits each for red, green, blue) 525 x 720 x 24 x 30 = ~ 272, 000 bits/sec = 272 Mbps = 272, 000 /8 = 34 Mbytes/sec MPEG compression (lossy) ~1 -2 Mbits/sec

TV -- 2010 ATSC “Digital TV” 720 i – June 12, 2010 Ref: http: TV -- 2010 ATSC “Digital TV” 720 i – June 12, 2010 Ref: http: //www. dtv. gov/ Ref: http: //spectrum. ieee. org/static/dtv RF Spectrum Reallocation with Digital TV Ref: http: //spectrum. ieee. org/static/dtvconsumerelectronics/audiovideo/the-dawn-of-digital-tv

HDTV 16: 9 1080 p 1080 lines of 1920 pixels 30 frames/sec Uncompressed is HDTV 16: 9 1080 p 1080 lines of 1920 pixels 30 frames/sec Uncompressed is ~ 1, 500, 000 bps Or ~ 200 MBps MPEG-2 compresses ~ 55: 1 Still need ~ 30 Mbps Tutorial: : http: //www. pbs. org/opb/crashcourse/tv_grows_up/

Conventional Video Conferencing H. 263 etc. 750 Kbps to 2 Mbps (e. g. Polycom) Conventional Video Conferencing H. 263 etc. 750 Kbps to 2 Mbps (e. g. Polycom)

Networks and Video Performance Bandwidth Low “jitter” Minimal delay (for interactive videoconference / telepresence Networks and Video Performance Bandwidth Low “jitter” Minimal delay (for interactive videoconference / telepresence Router / Network “Quality of Service”

Other Multimedia Research Joining all communications into home TV, web, DVD, etc. Any-to-any (display) Other Multimedia Research Joining all communications into home TV, web, DVD, etc. Any-to-any (display) Multiple displays “e-Paper” “smart wallpaper”

Web Performance Working within bandwidth limitations: Video on demand (prefetch of “stubs” ) Caching Web Performance Working within bandwidth limitations: Video on demand (prefetch of “stubs” ) Caching User “pull” or “push” (subscription) to web sources Distance learning Audio, “whiteboard”, limited video

Distance Learning Use of Conference. XP – expand to multiple sites (solve scaling problem Distance Learning Use of Conference. XP – expand to multiple sites (solve scaling problem for bandwidth and CPU load for codex function) Tiled display for large classroom Semi-automated note taking Presentation of student work Collaborative learning Conversion of document camera capture from video to vector order list (“ink”) – for distant delivery with low network bandwidth

CITRIS Santa Cruz Education Facilities and Technology Applications for Classroom and Distance Learning CITRIS CITRIS Santa Cruz Education Facilities and Technology Applications for Classroom and Distance Learning CITRIS Santa Cruz has created innovative facilities and advanced applications of multimedia technologies for improved classroom teaching and for distance learning. Facilities are staffed, maintained, and operated by CITRIS Santa Cruz. Funding from CITRIS, Microsoft and Hewlett-Packard In 2007, HP presented us with a “Technology for Teaching Leadership Award”.

Educational Facilities of CITRIS (at UC Santa Cruz) Simularium Other video conferencing / distance Educational Facilities of CITRIS (at UC Santa Cruz) Simularium Other video conferencing / distance learning facilities

Simularium (E 2. 180) Capabilities • 3 projectors • Touch Screen Selector Touch activated Simularium (E 2. 180) Capabilities • 3 projectors • Touch Screen Selector Touch activated screen that interfaces with a Vee. Mux 8 x 4 channel VGA selector to take PC, Laptop, or Document Camera input and outputs to desired projector(s) • 2 Document Cameras Used as a digital alternative to whiteboards and presented through any of the 3 projectors • VGA Laptop Connection • Stationary PC for Presenters Allows for Dual Screen Display to any 2 projectors • Recording PC for tech use Allows techs the ability to record and stream in HD from any screen selected by the presenter along with audio Uses Kramer VP-724 XL to use PIP with a Sony EVI-D 70 Camera and the presentation • 2 Wireless Microphones Sennheiser Handheld and Lapel Microphones • PC Audio output at Podium 2. 5 mm connection to run from headphone port of laptops, or audio output from Stationary PC to play audio through ceiling mounted speakers • Assisted Listening Device Takes both PC audio and Microphone audio and outputs it in an FM signal to a receiver given to anyone that needs additional hearing aid Can be used to send transmission into a program that reformats speech into text • 14 Channel Mixer Takes all audio inputs and outputs to ceiling mounted speakers, ALD system, and recording PC Funding from CITRIS, Microsoft, Hewlett-Packard

E 2 -599 Capabilities • Sony HD Projector • VGA to HDMI Converter • E 2 -599 Capabilities • Sony HD Projector • VGA to HDMI Converter • 4 x 2 HDMI Switch box • • Allows user to switch between using DVI or VGA connection to projector Can select between sending to Lifeview, Projector, or both • Lifeview Conference system • Allows users to video conference between different video conference systems • Wireless Audio • Connecting a 2. 5 mm jack to the headphone port on a laptop, the audio is sent wirelessly to speakers in the room. • Wireless Internet Available • Wireless access can be given to anyone using this room Funds from CITRIS, JBSOE, SSRC, CBSE/QB 3

E 2. 506 Capabilities • 3 projectors • Screen Selection Program Interfaces with a E 2. 506 Capabilities • 3 projectors • Screen Selection Program Interfaces with a drag-anddrop feature for what a user would like to display to any of the 3 screens • Polycom Video/Phone Conferencing Unit Allows conferencing ability through IP and Phone line • Boundary Microphones Used in recording audience during live recordings • Sony EVI-D 70 Used for camera recording of presenters and audience during recordings • Records with Media Cart

Optiputer (E 2. 598) Details • 42 30”Screens 4 monitors high by 10 monitors Optiputer (E 2. 598) Details • 42 30”Screens 4 monitors high by 10 monitors wide Resolution: 25, 6000 x 64, 000 pixels (163, 545, 000 pixels total viewable resolution) • Compute nodes 3. 0 GHz Intel Xeon Quad Core processor 8 gb DDR 2 -667 RAM 2 NVIDIA Quadro FX 4600 GPUs 1 built-in Gigabit 1 Infiniband Network Interface Card • Head node 2 3. 0 GHZ Intel Xeon Quad Core processors 16 GB DDR 2 -667 RAM 3 1, 000 GB hard drives Nvidia Quadro FX 4600 GPU 2 built in Gigabit 1 Infiniband Network Interface Cards • Network Switch 24 4 x(20 gb/s) Infini. Band ports. A total of 960 Gb/s of switching bandwidth 24 Gigabit Ethernet connections, expandable to 10 Gig. E