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Supporting the Alabama Adolescent Literacy Project (ALP) through Online Instructional Coaching and Consultation ALABAMA Supporting the Alabama Adolescent Literacy Project (ALP) through Online Instructional Coaching and Consultation ALABAMA STATE PERSONNEL DEVELOPMENT GRANT “Improving the Performance and Success of Alabama’s Children and Youth With Disabilities Through Implementation of Scientifically Based Curricula/Interventions Provided by Qualified Personnel”

Supporting the Alabama Adolescent Literacy Project (ALP) through Online Instructional Coaching and Consultation Dr. Supporting the Alabama Adolescent Literacy Project (ALP) through Online Instructional Coaching and Consultation Dr. Pam Howard Susan Williamson Dr. Marci Rock PRESENTERS Theresa Farmer Ann Hoffman 2

A project is like taking a trip: 3 Big Questions So far, what has A project is like taking a trip: 3 Big Questions So far, what has been learned? 3 Who’s been to some of these places before? 2 1 Where are we and where are we going? 3

Poll #1: How many of you have implemented some level of online coaching? 1. Poll #1: How many of you have implemented some level of online coaching? 1. Implemented 2. Not Implemented 4

Poll #2: Which of these categories best fits your online coaching implementation level: 1. Poll #2: Which of these categories best fits your online coaching implementation level: 1. Not planning to implement 2. Considering the possibility, but uncertain 3. Developed a plan, but have not implemented 4. Some degree of implementation 5. Proficient implementation 5

Poll #3: If you are not planning to implement online coaching, is it primarily Poll #3: If you are not planning to implement online coaching, is it primarily because of: 1. Logistical barriers (e. g. , time, resources) 2. Personnel barriers (e. g. , insufficient personnel for coaching, reluctance of teachers) 3. Lack of information about online coaching 4. Other reason 6

Where are we and where are we going? 7 Where are we and where are we going? 7

Where are We? State Implementation & Scaling-up of Evidence-Based Practices (SISEP) Assessment of Implementation Where are We? State Implementation & Scaling-up of Evidence-Based Practices (SISEP) Assessment of Implementation Stages National Implementation Research Network 1. Exploration Stage – Actively considering, but still undecided. 2. Installation Stage – Decided and in progress, but real world practitioners have not yet put the innovation into practice. 3. Initial Implementation Stage – First attempts at translating the innovation into practice have been made. 4. Full Implementation Stage – 50% of allocated practitioners implement with fidelity. (SISEP, 2011) 8

Adolescent Literacy Project (ALP) The implementation of research-based strategies [i. e. , Strategic Instructional Adolescent Literacy Project (ALP) The implementation of research-based strategies [i. e. , Strategic Instructional Model (SIM)] supported by effective professional development and on-going support through access to persons with expertise in the strategies online instructional coaching online consultation. 9

Strategic Instruction Model (SIM) Developed and researched at the University of Kansas Center for Strategic Instruction Model (SIM) Developed and researched at the University of Kansas Center for Research on Learning (KU-CRL): Teacher-Focused Interventions: Content Enhancement Routines Critical features of the content are selected and transformed to promote learning Student-Focused Interventions: Learning Strategies Curriculum is divided into strands or categories of skills (e. g. , reading, storing information, expressing information, demonstrating competence) (Lenz, Deshler, & Kissam, 2004) 10

Instructional Coaching Job-embedded professional development On-site professional developers and/or coaches who coach on how Instructional Coaching Job-embedded professional development On-site professional developers and/or coaches who coach on how best to implement strategies Equal partnership between teacher and coach Shared respect of teachers’ professionalism Valuable knowledge provided at the time when teachers most need it (KU-CRL, n. d. ) 11

Online Coaching Online connection between a classroom teacher and a coach through a Voice Online Coaching Online connection between a classroom teacher and a coach through a Voice over Internet Protocol (Vo. IP) (e. g. , Skype) during instruction Teacher being observed wears a Bluetooth enabled earpiece points a webcam toward the area of instruction Coach talks to the teacher during instruction in real-time coaches through instructional, positive, and corrective feedback (Rock et al. , 2009) 12

Coaching is NOT JUST Observing Coaching is NOT Evaluating Online Instructional Coaching is… …To Coaching is NOT JUST Observing Coaching is NOT Evaluating Online Instructional Coaching is… …To …To give instruction or advice in the capacity of a coach; instruct (includes observing for the purpose of coaching) view or note an occurrence for some purpose (paraphrased). judge or determine the significance, worth, or quality of; assess. She observed him while She watched and he taught and offered judged him teaching suggestions at a later using a rating scale time based on her notes. which was provided to him as soon as it was convenient to do so. (Dictionary. com) While he was teaching, she observed and coached him through it by offering specific instructions, as needed. 13

Online Consultation Online connection between a classroom teacher and a consultant through a Voice Online Consultation Online connection between a classroom teacher and a consultant through a Voice over Internet Protocol (Vo. IP) (e. g. , Web. Ex, Skype) during a planning period Teacher sits (usually) at a desk facing a webcam or built-in camera wears a Bluetooth enabled earpiece, typical microphone headset, or uses the microphone built into a computer Consultant talks to the teacher in a video-chat format advises or confirms based on their expertise with the 14

Coaching is NOT JUST Observing Coaching is Online NOT Evaluating Consulting is… …To judge Coaching is NOT JUST Observing Coaching is Online NOT Evaluating Consulting is… …To judge or determine the significance, worth, or quality of; assess. . To consult is to give professional advice to those practicing the profession. She watched and judged him teaching using a rating scale which was provided to him as soon as it was convenient to do so. During his planning period, he consulted with the educational consultant about the specific steps he needed to take to sustain fidelity to the strategy. view or note an occurrence for some purpose (paraphrased). She observed him while he taught and offered suggestions at a later time based on her notes. (Dictionary. com) 15

Who’s been to some of these places before? Implementation Of Research. Based Strategies Profession Who’s been to some of these places before? Implementation Of Research. Based Strategies Profession al Developme nt Strategic Instruction Model (SIM) Online Coaching Research Base Instruction al Coaching 16

Research: Selected SIM* Acquisition Storage Expression & Demonstration Word Identification First-Letter Mnemonics Test-Taking Paraphrasing Research: Selected SIM* Acquisition Storage Expression & Demonstration Word Identification First-Letter Mnemonics Test-Taking Paraphrasing Paired Associates Assignment Completion Self-Questioning Listening/Note-taking Error Monitoring Visual Imagery LINCS Vocabulary Proficiency of Sentence Writing Fundamentals of Paraphrasing & Summarizing Fundamentals of Sentence Writing Word Mapping Essay Test-taking Inference Theme Writing *Research conducted by the University of Kansas Center for Research on Learning (KU-CRL), has shown positive effects of the use of SIM Strategies. All research conducted by the Center for Research on Learning has been critically reviewed by scientific panels in the U. S. Department of Education and other federal and foundation funding agencies. 17

Research: Implementation of Research. Based Strategies in the Classroom Factors needed: 1. Initial awareness Research: Implementation of Research. Based Strategies in the Classroom Factors needed: 1. Initial awareness 2. Professional development 3. Access to experts 4. On-going support (Elias et al. , 2003; Han & Weiss, 2005; Howard, 2007) 18

Research: Professional Development Knowledge and skills are improved by quality of PD (Gallagher, 2002; Research: Professional Development Knowledge and skills are improved by quality of PD (Gallagher, 2002; Lyons & Pinnell, 2001). The most effective PD is -authentic -job-embedded (personalized) -on-going (sustained) -task oriented (focused) -collaborative -supported by coaching, modeling, observation and feedback (Cochran-Smith & Lytle, 1999; Darling-Hammond & Mc. Laughlin, 1995; Joyce & Showers, 1996; Lieberman, 1995; Mc. Laughlin & Talbert, 2001; Wei et al. , 2009 ). 19

Research: Instructional Coaching When taught a new strategy during an afterschool workshop, teachers more Research: Instructional Coaching When taught a new strategy during an afterschool workshop, teachers more likely to… implement new strategy when supported by an instructional coach compared to only attending the after-school workshop. self-selected to use the new strategy at a higher quality when supported by instructional coaching as opposed to only attending the workshop. (Cornett & Knight, 2009) 20

Research: Online Coaching to provide instructional coaching to promote research-based strategies in classrooms… While Research: Online Coaching to provide instructional coaching to promote research-based strategies in classrooms… While at the University of Alabama, Dr. Marcia Rock taught selected research-based practices through (a) modeling, (b) providing concrete examples, and (c) having teachers practice the strategies while being supported with online real-time coaching. * [*Project TEEACH, an OSEP Personnel Preparation Grant, was in partnership with the Alabama State Department of Education (ALSDE) and parts are being sustained through the ALP]. 21

Real-Time is the actual time during which a process takes place or an event Real-Time is the actual time during which a process takes place or an event occurs (dictionary. com) My Bluetooth is working well. Today, I am teaching subtraction using selfmonitoring checklists. Great strategy researched by Uberti et al. , 2004. Go ahead and I will offer support when needed. 22

Research: Implementation of selected research-based strategies supported by online coaching Teachers increased number of… Research: Implementation of selected research-based strategies supported by online coaching Teachers increased number of… Verbal/Nonverbal Choral Response strategies implemented Partner strategies implemented Cloze Reading strategies implemented (Rock et al. , 2009) 23

The Bridge from Project TEEACH to ALP: Like Project TEEACH, while using a wireless The Bridge from Project TEEACH to ALP: Like Project TEEACH, while using a wireless Bluetooth, Bluetooth online instructional coaching is provided in real-time while the classroom teacher who is implementing the learning strategies (SIM) is 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. making the connection before the lesson, making the connection talking to students, providing instruction providing silent (e. g. , monitoring students), and/or ending the connection after the lesson ending the connection (Rock et al. , 2009) 24

Online Coaching has not remained exclusive to Alabama Marcia Rock, UNCG Maya Israel, UC Online Coaching has not remained exclusive to Alabama Marcia Rock, UNCG Maya Israel, UC Pam Williamson, UC Bob Gable ODU Rick Brigham GMU Naomi Zigmond, Pitt Mary Catherine Scheeler, PSU Pa. TTAN Earle Knowlton, KU Project TEEACH, UA Susan Williamson, ALSDE Theresa Farmer, ALSDE Pam Howard, ALSDE Lisa Dieker, UCF Wanda Wade, UWF Fran Warkomski, FL Tech 25

Equipment Needs: Classroom Teacher Coach/Consultant Host status for Vo. IP Computer with internet access Equipment Needs: Classroom Teacher Coach/Consultant Host status for Vo. IP Computer with internet access USB Web Camera (wide-range) Wireless Bluetooth (hands free) USB Bluetooth Adapter USB Web Camera (or built-in) USB Microphone Headset 26

 Initial preparation routine suggested by Rock et al. (2009) Initial procedural steps taken Initial preparation routine suggested by Rock et al. (2009) Initial procedural steps taken by ALSDE ALP as suggested by Rock et al (2009) 1. Obtain, assemble, and test Consultant provided list of equipment needs to schools to purchase; Consultant collaborated with school IT personnel to assemble and test equipment. 2. Conduct practice online sessions Consultant consulted online with teacher (1+) face-toface session(s) during planning period(s); When teacher comfortable, consultant notified the instructional coach. 3. *Acclimate the students (optional) *If requested by the teacher, consultant conducted online sessions during instructional periods to acclimate students; When teacher comfortable and students were ready, consultant notified instructional coach. 4. Predetermine Consultant learned the teachers’ instructional and planning schedule and transmitted the information to the instructional coach. day and time of coaching or consultation 27

SPDG Capacity Building Component: Grow Them Project TEEACH ALP Of the six cohort systems, SPDG Capacity Building Component: Grow Them Project TEEACH ALP Of the six cohort systems, two employ teachers who experienced multiple hours of online coaching as part of Project TEEACH and are available to provide peer support to the ALP teachers. One ALP teacher (year 3) has achieved KU-CRL Professional Developer Certification. Upon request, she has provided online modeling for other ALP teachers. 28

ALSDE’s Online Web Conferencing site (Vo. IP) of choice is Web. Ex (webex. com): ALSDE’s Online Web Conferencing site (Vo. IP) of choice is Web. Ex (webex. com): Known Benefits Known Barriers No hardware installation No software maintenance Works with PC or Mac Upgrades are automatic Sends email reminders for scheduled sessions with a link 6. Recording capabilities 7. On screen presentation capabilities (e. g. , Power. Point slides, smart board) 8. Instant messaging available 9. Tutorials are available a. Self-paced b. Instructor led (live) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. Monthly or yearly fee involved 2. Some incompatibility with Bluetooth devices Special note: Rock et al. (2009) used Skype, a free Service. 29

So far, what has been learned? Procedural Political Equipment Leadership Personal 30 So far, what has been learned? Procedural Political Equipment Leadership Personal 30

Bridging it all together for ALP Implementati on Of Research. Based Strategies Professiona l Bridging it all together for ALP Implementati on Of Research. Based Strategies Professiona l Developme nt Online Coaching ALP Strategic Instruction Model (SIM) Instructional Coaching 31

Next Steps: Bridging the Gap To Get to Stage 3 National Implementation Research Network Next Steps: Bridging the Gap To Get to Stage 3 National Implementation Research Network 1. Exploration Stage – Actively considering, but still undecided. 2. Installation Stage – Decided and in progress, but real world practitioners have not yet put the innovation into practice. 3. Initial Implementation Stage – First attempts at translating the innovation into practice have been made. 4. Full Implementation Stage – 50% of allocated practitioners implement with fidelity. ((SISEP, 2011) 32

Thank you for your interest in the Online Instructional Coaching and Consultation component of Thank you for your interest in the Online Instructional Coaching and Consultation component of the Adolescent Literacy Project (ALP). .

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