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Status of the SESAME Machine Status of the SESAME Machine

ANKA Energy 2. 5 Ge. V Current 0. 4 A Periods 8 DBA 110. ANKA Energy 2. 5 Ge. V Current 0. 4 A Periods 8 DBA 110. 4 m 50 nmrad 0. 64 Me. V Circumference Emittance Radiation loss Nat. Chroma. h / v -13 / -8 Tune horiz. / vert. 6. 8 / 2. 7 Momentum Comp, 0. 01 2002: 7 beamlines bend 2012: 13 beamlines bend 2 insertion 2014: 13 beamlines bend 5 insertion

The means have become available to built up SESAME now! Israel, Iran, Jordan, Turkey The means have become available to built up SESAME now! Israel, Iran, Jordan, Turkey committed to contribute 1. 25 M$ next four years. Pakistan committed to comparable in kind contribution. CERN/EU contribute 5 M€ for the purchasing of the magnet system

Financial Aspects till 2016 Income EU-CERN: 5. 00 M€ Jordan: 4 x 1. 25 Financial Aspects till 2016 Income EU-CERN: 5. 00 M€ Jordan: 4 x 1. 25 M$ Turkey: 4 x 1. 25 M$ Israel: 4 x 1. 25 M$ Iran: 4 x 1. 25 M$ ? Pakistan: in kind contribution? USA? Norwegian? Machine: 4 Beamlines upgrade: Guesthouse+ 25. 6 M$ 8. 7 M$ 1. 3 M$ Sum 35. 6 M$ Injector-upgrade 0. 9 M€ Magnets and PS: 5. 0 M€ Girder: 0. 8 M€ Vacuum: 3. 0 M€ RF: 3. 0 M€ Diagnostics: 1. 5 M€ SR-Cooling: 0. 5 M€ Cabling: 0. 5 M€ Commissioning: 1. 5 M€ Control-System 1. 1 M€ Safety P+A 0. 8 M€ Front-Ends: 0. 5 M€ Sum [€] Sum [$] 10% 19. 0 M€ 23. 3 M$ 25. 6 M$

Operational-Cost-Development Power: Based on 4000 h operation time, 1 GWh / y Salary: Increase Operational-Cost-Development Power: Based on 4000 h operation time, 1 GWh / y Salary: Increase 35 -75 employees

SESAME-Design Microtron 0. 022 Ge. V Booster 0. 8 Ge. V Energy-SR 2. 5 SESAME-Design Microtron 0. 022 Ge. V Booster 0. 8 Ge. V Energy-SR 2. 5 Ge. V Current 0. 4 A Periods 8 DBA 133. 2 m Circumference Tune horiz. / vert. 7. 25 / 5. 19 Nat. Chroma. h / v -14 / -14 Emittance Mom. Comp. Radiation loss 25 nm 0. 008 0. 6 Beamlines first day: 3 bend, 1 insertion Beamlines phase one: 5 bend, 2 insertion Me. V

Organization Machine-Physics Cooling/Vacuum Maher A. Open position 2012. Firas Osama Adel Saed Beamlines XABS: Organization Machine-Physics Cooling/Vacuum Maher A. Open position 2012. Firas Osama Adel Saed Beamlines XABS: Messaoud IR: Ibraheem Open Position 2012 RF/Diagnostics Darweesh Nashat (RF) Alaa (RF) Hussain (D) Administration Majeda (Purchasing) Sonia (Assistant) Ayman (Human resources) Ibrahim (Accountant) Abd Al (Bus-driver) Sofian (Power supplies) Ifikhar (pulsed PS) Computing Salman Mustafa Control Zia Ibrahim Open position 2012 Radiation-Safety Adli Morteza Electronics/Electric Yazeed (beam-lines) Farouq (beam-lines) New position Nov. 2012 (Electric) Design/Mechanics Maher S. Thaer Akrum Mohammad Ahmad Open position 2012 N. N. To be solved: Cooperation Computing/control Group member from different sections.

Responsibility of technical sector for beamlines? Strategic Plan: 2. 2 Project organization The task Responsibility of technical sector for beamlines? Strategic Plan: 2. 2 Project organization The task of the Technical Sector is to design, build and operate the machine from the microtron to the front ends. The shielding wall between the storage ring and the experimental hall is the border line that separates what falls within the responsibility of the Technical Sector and what lies with the Scientific Sector. Nevertheless, though the installation of beamlines would normally be within the purview of the Scientific Sector it has been decided that provisionally the technical team will be in charge of this due to the lack of staff in the Scientific Sector. Beamlines will be built individually in coordination with the corresponding beamline scientists. In any cases: We need one beamline-scientist for each BL to built it up!

Status Accelerators: Microtron is running Booster built up started (expect operation end 2013) Storagering: Status Accelerators: Microtron is running Booster built up started (expect operation end 2013) Storagering: Magnet / Vacuum Design ready (delivery till 2016) Building: Shielding wall is done Cooling plant nearly finished Purchasing Radiation Safety system started Beamlines: Floor-planes in work? Test of components started

Next Steps (2013) Accelerator: Finish built up of Booster and start operation End 2013 Next Steps (2013) Accelerator: Finish built up of Booster and start operation End 2013 Start Purchasing of magnet system (design ready) To be delivered 2016 Start Purchasing of vacuum system (design ready) To be delivered 2016 Start Purchasing Piping Cooling Storagering To be finished 2015 Start Purchasing RF (cooperation with SOLEIL) To be delivered 2016 Floorplan! …

Project-Development Project-Development

Microtron in Operation, Beam in the transfe Achieved: Energy: Pulse-Width: Pulse-Current: 22 Me. V Microtron in Operation, Beam in the transfe Achieved: Energy: Pulse-Width: Pulse-Current: 22 Me. V 2 µs 2 m. A

Booster-Built-up Injection. Septum Microtron RF Cavity 2 k. W Dipole V. Focusing Quadrupole Dipole Booster-Built-up Injection. Septum Microtron RF Cavity 2 k. W Dipole V. Focusing Quadrupole Dipole H. Focusing Quadrupole Injection. Kicker Extraction-Septum Unit-cell (6 x) H. Focusing Quadrupole

Booster-Magnets Dipole B-field 1 T Radius 2. 67 m Gap 40 mm Current 1000 Booster-Magnets Dipole B-field 1 T Radius 2. 67 m Gap 40 mm Current 1000 A No windings 2 x 16 Resistance 0. 015 Inductance 8. 6 µH Gradient 5. 77 T/m Length 0. 25 m Bore- 78 mm Current 146 A No windings 4 x 24 Resistance 0. 054 Inductance 6. 8 Quadrupole µH

Task-List Booster Layout of cable trays, purchasing of cable trays, cabling Dec. 2012 Alignment Task-List Booster Layout of cable trays, purchasing of cable trays, cabling Dec. 2012 Alignment of magnets Dec. 2012 Installation of vacuum chamber Dec. 2012 Grounding Installation of Booster-RF March 2013 Layout of pulsed magnets PS, purchasing/built up June 2013 Layout of Booster corrector PS, purchasing June 2013 Set up of PLC-controller (vacuum, magnets) March 2013 Set up of ramped Power-supply control-system (EPICS+ Ethernet Interface) Set up of corrector Power-supply control-system (EPICS+ Ethernet Interface) Set up of Booster-RF-PLC-Controller June 2013 Set up of timing system March 2013

SESAME-Optics Energy Low vertical beta 2. 5 Ge. V Current 0. 4 A Periods SESAME-Optics Energy Low vertical beta 2. 5 Ge. V Current 0. 4 A Periods 8 DBA 133. 2 m Circumference Tune horiz. / vert. 7. 25 / 5. 19 Nat. Chroma. h / v -14 / -14 Emittance Mom. Comp. Radiation loss 25 nm 0. 008 0. 6 Me. V

Storagering Magnets Purchased by CERN/EU: 5 M€ Storagering Magnets Purchased by CERN/EU: 5 M€

SR Dipole Field strength: 1. 455 T Deflection: 22. 5 ° Radius: 2. 67 SR Dipole Field strength: 1. 455 T Deflection: 22. 5 ° Radius: 2. 67 m Gap: 40 mm Current: 600 A Turns: 2 x 40 Conductor: 15 x 15, 7 To get the electrons on a circular path

SR Quadrupole Gradient: Bore: Length Current Turn/coil: 17/-10 70 280/100 280/195 34/19 T/m mm SR Quadrupole Gradient: Bore: Length Current Turn/coil: 17/-10 70 280/100 280/195 34/19 T/m mm mm A To get the electrons periodic focused

SR Sextupole ½ B’’: 90/140 Bore: 75 Length: 100 Current: 86/135 Turns per coil: SR Sextupole ½ B’’: 90/140 Bore: 75 Length: 100 Current: 86/135 Turns per coil: 12 T/m 2 mm mm A To correct the focusing

Girder-Design ready 6 feeds 3 struts used for transverse and longitudinal adjustment 3 jacks Girder-Design ready 6 feeds 3 struts used for transverse and longitudinal adjustment 3 jacks used for vertical adjustment and clamping Magnet Position defined by pins In kind contribution from Pakistan?

Cavities Two 60 k. W ‘prototype’ cavities available! For reasonable beamline operation at least Cavities Two 60 k. W ‘prototype’ cavities available! For reasonable beamline operation at least three mature cavities are needed. No cavities P/cavity [k. W] Max. current [m. A] 2. 5 Ge. V Max. current [m. A] 2. 2 Ge. V 2 60 30 100 2 80 50 200 3 80 200 400 2 120 200 4 80 400 4 120 400

Storagering-RF SOLEIL: 350 MHz RF Solid-State-Amplifier Collaboration SOLEIL-SESAME: Development of 70 k. W 500 Storagering-RF SOLEIL: 350 MHz RF Solid-State-Amplifier Collaboration SOLEIL-SESAME: Development of 70 k. W 500 MHz tower 70 k. W / tower, 500 k€ 2 donated ELETTRA-Cavity old test devices, bad brazing Low Level Electronics: Collaboration with ALBA?

Vacuum-Design ready, Next: Specification to be written Pumps (100) Absorber for SR (125 k. Vacuum-Design ready, Next: Specification to be written Pumps (100) Absorber for SR (125 k. W) Beam-Position-Monitors (64) Stainless steel Vacuum chamber Lamped Absorber for 125 k. W @ 200 m. A Ion-Pumps since 2000 Begin 2013

Vacuum System Vacuum chamber 150 l/s Pump Absorber 500 l/s Pump 300 l/s Pumping Vacuum System Vacuum chamber 150 l/s Pump Absorber 500 l/s Pump 300 l/s Pumping speed: 20000 l/s Pressure: 2 10 -9 mbar

Cooling Plant Chiller / Compressor 10° water Heat Exchanger 20° demin. Water Load: RF: Cooling Plant Chiller / Compressor 10° water Heat Exchanger 20° demin. Water Load: RF: SR-Magnets Air conditioning 2200 k. W 1940 k. W 640 k. W 600 k. W 300 k. W 80 k. W Chillers, Compressor installed Pumps Heat exchanger installed Piping for Booster installed Air conditioning installed

Cooling Set-up Pumps, pumps Cooling towers and chillers Cooling: Magnets, RF, Absorber Heat exchanger Cooling Set-up Pumps, pumps Cooling towers and chillers Cooling: Magnets, RF, Absorber Heat exchanger Air-conditioning hall / tunnel / hutches

Radiation-Safety Radiation areas classification: Radiation worker classification: Prohibited Area : dose-rate Accelerator-tunnel Beamline-Hutches Controlled Radiation-Safety Radiation areas classification: Radiation worker classification: Prohibited Area : dose-rate Accelerator-tunnel Beamline-Hutches Controlled area: dose (Personal monitoring) Supervised Area dose-rate (area monitoring) Non designated Exposed A (Exposed B Non exposed: > 3 m. Sv/h <20 m. Sv/y < 6 m. Sv/y) < 1 m. Sv/y > 6 m. Sv/y > 1 m. Sv/y < 1 m. Sv/y Personal doses and collective doses have to be kept as low as reasonable achievable (ALARA) At Synchrotron-Radiation-Sources: Dose < 1 m. Sv/h

Radiation Shielding Electron-Losses: (0. 025 W) Shielding: 2. 5 Ge. V cascade of γ, Radiation Shielding Electron-Losses: (0. 025 W) Shielding: 2. 5 Ge. V cascade of γ, e+ , e-, n 1 m concrete+0. 15 m lead Inelastic Electron-Scattering: Shielding: 25 Me. V Gasbrems-Strahlung 0. 2 m lead (Hutched) Synchrotron Radiation: (150 k. W) Shielding: 50 ke. V 4 mm lead

Radiation-Monitoring Rules: Keep radiation level < 1 m. Sv / y (2000 h) 0. Radiation-Monitoring Rules: Keep radiation level < 1 m. Sv / y (2000 h) 0. 5 µSv/h Purchasing of Radiation Monitors in progress 5 movable +2 portable stations: Gamma: 10 n. Sv/h – 1 Sv/h 30 ke. V -10 Me. V Neutrons: 10 n. Sv/h – 0. 1 Sv/h 25 me. V – 100 Me. V Offline-Monitoring (TLT) local provider with coarse monitoring Request for Tender in preparation for interlock system based on Safety PLC More talk Morteza. Mansour

The means have become available to built up SESAME now! Let us go ahead The means have become available to built up SESAME now! Let us go ahead to deliver the Synchrotron Radiation to the users!