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Staff Buy-In to SW-PBIS Kevin J. Filter, Ph. D. Minnesota State University, Mankato Staff Buy-In to SW-PBIS Kevin J. Filter, Ph. D. Minnesota State University, Mankato

The good news w PBIS works < Randomized control trial evidence < Other national The good news w PBIS works < Randomized control trial evidence < Other national studies < Local evidence w PBIS is available < 15 years of PBIS < 9 years of PBIS in MN

The “other” news w PBIS requires effort from teachers/staff < < Teach behavior expectations The “other” news w PBIS requires effort from teachers/staff < < Teach behavior expectations Acknowledge appropriate behavior Consistent use of school’s discipline procedures In the classroom, non-classrooms settings, and with individual kids w Other things in school require effort, too < Teaching < Committees, meetings < Other initiatives

The reality w PBIS only works when implemented with fidelity < 80% overall § The reality w PBIS only works when implemented with fidelity < 80% overall § 80% teaching in year 1 § 80% reward system in year 2+

The BOTTOM LINE We need staff to buy-in to PBIS in order to implement The BOTTOM LINE We need staff to buy-in to PBIS in order to implement with fidelity and achieve desired outcomes

LET’S TALK ABOUT BUY-IN LET’S TALK ABOUT BUY-IN

What is buy-in? w A willingness to participate in the specific tasks associated with What is buy-in? w A willingness to participate in the specific tasks associated with PBIS < Measured by PBISSIM w Teach behavior expectations w Acknowledge appropriate behavior w Consistent use of school’s discipline procedures w In the classroom, nonclassrooms settings, and with individual kids

What do we know about PBIS buyin? w Study of 1, 200+ teachers/staff in What do we know about PBIS buyin? w Study of 1, 200+ teachers/staff in MN in Spring 2012 using PBIS-SIM w Included < Cohorts 5, 7, and 8 < Elementary, Middle, and High Schools w 44. 2% of schools from cohorts 5, 7, & 8 participated < Approx. 40. 5% of staff in each school participated

Demogra phics of R Gender esponden t Male Female Grade Cohort 5 Cohort 7 Demogra phics of R Gender esponden t Male Female Grade Cohort 5 Cohort 7 Cohort 8 Elementary Middle School High School K-12 School Others s

Distribution of Scores Distribution of Scores

Average Buy-In Scores Mean Percent Buy-In Standard Deviation 16. 15 89. 7% 3. 00 Average Buy-In Scores Mean Percent Buy-In Standard Deviation 16. 15 89. 7% 3. 00 Elementary 16. 61 92. 2% 2. 50 Middle School 15. 83 87. 9% 2. 78 High School 15. 58 86. 6% 3. 67 Cohort 5 15. 67 87. 1% 3. 67 Cohort 7 16. 38 (16. 34 in 2011) 91. 0% (90. 7%) 2. 70 (2. 71 in 2011) Cohort 8 16. 13 89. 6% 2. 93 OVERALL GRADE LEVEL COHORT

8 Cohort 7 5 Opportunity to provide input on PBIS-related activities in your school 8 Cohort 7 5 Opportunity to provide input on PBIS-related activities in your school Current knowledge of PBIS Elem School Mid High Hypothesized Predictors of Staff Buy-in All Being a member of the PBIS team Degree of influence that the administrator in your school has with staff in terms of the implementation of PBIS Receiving acknowledgement for your successful teaching or behavior management in the past year Receiving any kind of professional acknowledgement for the appropriate behavior of your students in the past year Receiving any kind of professional acknowledgement for your participation in PBIS-related activities in the past year Regular opportunities for being acknowledged for your successful teaching or behavior management Number of times in the past year your school reviewed PBIS activities or plans with you and other teachers/staff Perception of PBIS success in your own school Number of times in the past year your school reviewed schoolwide student behavior data with you and other teachers/staff Perception of PBIS success in other schools

What should we do to increase buy-in? w Assess buy-in in your school on What should we do to increase buy-in? w Assess buy-in in your school on an annual basis (PBIS-SIM) w Provide opportunities for teacher/staff input w Increase knowledge of what PBIS is and how it works w Share data w Acknowledge positive staff behavior in teaching and discipline

More questions? Please contact Dr. Kevin Filter kevin. filter@mnsu. edu More questions? Please contact Dr. Kevin Filter kevin. [email protected] edu